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Gosía Szczypiórkowska

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Coleridge

Sailors change their minds again and blame the Mariner for the torment of their thirst
Hang the albatross around his neck
Meet a ghostly vessel with DEATH (a skeleton) and the "Night-Mare" LIFE-IN-DEATH (a pale, deathly-fair woman)
DEATH wins the lives of the crew members
LIFE-IN-DEATH wins the life of the mariner (her name an indication)
All 200 die except for the mariner – 7 days & nights The supernatural (and Gothic horror fiction)
the strange weather;
the albatross as a bird of “good omen”;
Death and Life-in-death;
the spirit from “the land of mist and snow”, and the two spirits the mariner hears in his trance;
the angelic spirits which move the bodies of the dead men;
the madness of the pilot and his boy;
the mariner's “strange power of speech”,
and many other things “... pent 'mid cloisters dim. “ Section One:  The voyage commences. AM shoots the albatross.
Section Two: They sail into the silent sea, where the ship stops. AM has the albatross “hung around his neck”
Section Three: The ghost ship arrives with its crew onboard. AM’s crew drop down dead
Section Four: AM is feeling the curse of the dead man. He unconsciously blesses sea-snakes; is freed from curse.
Section Five:  AM feels free/storm brews and it rains. Crew members are inspirited and ship moves without wind (moved by the Spirit of Land of Mist and Snow). AM lies in trance and hears 2 spirits talk about penance
Section Six:  2nd spirit says ship will slow down when AM awakes. Crew are re-born, die and return - he still feels their curse. AM reaches home. Summary of the poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner relates the supernatural events experienced by a mariner on a long sea voyage.
The mariner stops a man who is on the way to a wedding ceremony, and begins to recite his story.
The mariner's tale begins with his ship leaving harbour – but driven off course to Antarctica.
The albatross appears - leads them out of the threatening land of ice;
The mariner shoots it with a crossbow - other sailors are angry:
Ah, wretch, said they, the bird to slay
that made the breeze to blow. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” The Ancient Mariner
Some historical and new associations The Rime of The Ancient Mariner employs the techniques of the ballad: rhythm, repetition, vivid descriptions, scene-setting, and imagery.
After the suffering and penance of the mariner for his sin of killing the albatross, thereby bringing death to his ship, we are warned to respect and love all God's creatures.
But, though he has returned safely he is excluded from the human community, forever condemned to repeat his story.
Perhaps herein lies the true force of the poem: the sinister, irrational, the unconscious of the poet
So the wedding guest in the poem, mesmerised, goes not to the feast. Techniques and more Characters
Main character: The mariner
Terryfying, but intense
Wedding guest
Reactions – change from scorn to sympathy.
Undergoes a transformation of his own (first gallant, then thoughtful)
Shipmates – innocent victims
Supernatural beings. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner 13 November 1797 – a walk in Somerset
A “Gothic hot boiler
Wordsworth – killing of an Albatross in the South Sea - for which "the tutelary Spirits of these regions take upon them to avenge the crime ... What distinguishes a poem from a work of science or ordinary prose?
How does Coleridge define poetry?
What is the relationship of parts to parts in a “legitimate poem”? How does a genuinely satisfactory poem engage the reader’s attention with respect to its parts?
What does the poet do? What comment, in other words, does Coleridge offer about the value of poets to their fellow human beings?
What is the “synthetic and magical power”? In what special activity does this power reveal itself? Biographia Literaria - Ch. 14, questions Many of the most puzzling features of his text derive from his fusion of autobiography and argument.
“For a text so often described as unreadable, it has been read more often and valued more highly than quite makes sense.“
He wants to make us think things through for ourselves, under his tutelage.
Read: only Chapter 14 Biographia Literaria “Frost at Midnight” - Synopsis PART 4: A PRAYER “Frost at Midnight” - Synopsis PART 3: RETURN TO ROOM “Frost at Midnight” - Synopsis The only thing moving is a piece of soot on the grate – this is the “sole unquiet thing”.
He identifies with this and regards it as a “companiable form”
Making “a toy of thought”
The objects surrounding the speaker become metaphors for the work of the mind and the imagination, so that the fluttering film on the fire grate turns him towards recollection of his childhood.
“Frost at Midnight” relies on a highly personal form of expression
His observations sketch for the reader an impression of the scene, from the ‘silent ministry’ of the frost to the sleeping child cradled nearby. FROST
MIDNIGHT These are some of the intentions and effects:
Informal, conversational language, but one able to shift to a more formal and impassioned tone; generally meant to imitate or evoke conversation
Closely tied to the setting and scene where the conversation occurs; some feature of the scene inspires the poet’s thoughts and address.
Importance of immediacy and the present moment; auditor helps create the sense of being in the present; the poem’s imitation of speech or conversation, of voice, also contributes to its immediacy. Conversation Poems The term “Conversation poem” comes from Coleridge himself and comprises the following works:
"The Eolian Harp"
"This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison"
"Frost at Midnight"
Although not designated as such, Wordsworth’s "Tintern Abbey“ might be included in this genre.
Sometimes called “Poems of Friendship” or “Verse Letters.” Conversation Poems As a poet, Coleridge might best be divided into two almost separate characters:

1) The mellow nature poet of the “Conversation poems” and meditations.
2) The mystic poet, who wrote The Ancient Mariner, “Christabel” and “Kubla Khan.” Views of Coleridge continued ... Exact contemporary and friend of Wordsworth.
A radical in his youth.
Along with Robert Southey and others, part of the failed “Pantisocracy” plan.
Married Sara Fricker.
Lectures on politics in Bristol.
Immanuel Kant
Studied philosophy at Göttingen University
Struggle with laudanum addiction until his mid-forties.
Thought of as not fulfilling his potential as a poet. Biographical Reading for Class 5:
Introduction: Samuel Taylor COLERIDGE”
“Frost at Midnight”
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
From Biographia Literaria - ONLY CHAPTER 14 Samuel Taylor Coleridge It is an ancient Mariner, A And he stoppeth one of three. B
“By thy long beard and glittering eye, A? Now wherefore stopp'st thou me? B

The Bridegroom's doors are opened wide, A
And I am next of kin; B
The guests are met, the feast is set; ?
May'st hear the merry din.” B

Often: an internal rhyme Form - sample He prayeth best, who loveth best
All things both great and small;
For the dear God who loveth us,
He made and loveth all. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” This crime also arouses the wrath of supernatural spirits who then pursue the ship "from the land of mist and snow"; the south wind which had initially led them from the land of ice now sends the ship into uncharted waters, where it is becalmed.
When the weather becomes misty, the sailors change their minds and hail the Mariner for killing the bird that brought the fog ('Twas right, said they, such birds to slay/that bring the fog and mist). "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" is the title of a song by Iron Maiden from their 1984 album Powerslave, a 14-minute heavy metal epic based on Coleridge's poem and which quotes heavily from it. Singer Bruce Dickinson introduces the song on the live album Live After Death as "what not to do if a bird shits on you". Two main themes:
The potential consequences of a single unthinking act
Killing the albatross – one cannot create something without destroying something else.
Loss of shipmate, ship, own self: regeneration of the mariner
Everything, as part of of nature, has its own beauty and is to be cherished for its own sake The Rime of the Ancient Mariner “Frost at Midnight” - Synopsis PART 2: SCHOOL-TIME “Frost at Midnight” - Synopsis PART 1: LIVING ROOM Samuel Taylor Coleridge Samuel Taylor Coleridge Anna Heiða Pálsdóttir, PhD
Introduction to British Literature - SESSION 5 Samuel Taylor Coleridge In the film adaption of the novel Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory; the character Willy Wonka says "Bubbles, bubbles, everywhere, but not a drop to drink...yet" Popular culture Water, water, everywhere,
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, everywhere,
Nor any drop to drink. Homer Simpson says: "Don't you know the poem? 'Water, water, everywhere, so let's all have a drink.'" Part 4 66      Therefore all seasons shall be sweet to thee,
67 Whether the summer clothe the general earth
68 With greenness, or the redbreast sit and sing
69 Betwixt the tufts of snow on the bare branch
70 Of mossy apple-tree, while the nigh thatch
71 Smokes in the sun-thaw; whether the eave-drops fall
72 Heard only in the trances of the blast,
73 Or if the secret ministry of frost
74 Shall hang them up in silent icicles,
75 Quietly shining to the quiet Moon. “Frost at Midnight” - Last lines Part 3 But thou, my babe! shalt wander like a breeze 55
By lakes and sandy shores, beneath the crags
Of ancient mountain, and beneath the clouds,
Which image in their bulk both lakes and shores
And mountain crags: so shalt thou see and hear
The lovely shapes and sounds intelligible 60
Of that eternal language, which thy God
Utters, who from eternity doth teach
Himself in all, and all things in himself.
Great universal Teacher! he shall mould
Thy spirit, and by giving make it ask. Part 3 Dear Babe, that sleepest cradled by my side, 45  
Whose gentle breathings, heard in this deep calm,
Fill up the interspers{'e}d vacancies
And momentary pauses of the thought!
My babe so beautiful! it thrills my heart
With tender gladness, thus to look at thee,   50
And think that thou shalt learn far other lore,
And in far other scenes! For I was reared
In the great city, pent 'mid cloisters dim,
And saw nought lovely but the sky and stars. Part 2                       But O! how oft,
How oft, at school, with most believing mind, 25
Presageful, have I gazed upon the bars,
To watch that fluttering stranger! and as oft
With unclosed lids, already had I dreamt
Of my sweet birth-place, and the old church-tower,
Whose bells, the poor man's only music, rang   30
From morn to evening, all the hot Fair-day,
So sweetly, that they stirred and haunted me
With a wild pleasure, falling on mine ear
Most like articulate sounds of things to come!
So gazed I, till the soothing things, I dreamt, 35
Lulled me to sleep, and sleep prolonged my dreams! Part 2 Part 1 … the thin blue flame Lies on my low-burnt fire, and quivers not ; Only that film, which fluttered on the grate, 15

Still flutters there, the sole unquiet thing. Methinks, its motion in this hush of nature Gives it dim sympathies with me who live, Making it a companionable form, Whose puny flaps and freaks the idling Spirit 20
By its own moods interprets, every where Echo or mirror seeking of itself, And makes a toy of Thought. “Frost at Midnight” – first lines Part 1 The Frost performs its secret ministry, Unhelped by any wind. The owlet's cry Came loud--and hark, again ! loud as before. The inmates of my cottage, all at rest, Have left me to that solitude, which suits Abstruser musings: save that at my side My cradled infant slumbers peacefully.
'Tis calm indeed ! so calm, that it disturbs And vexes meditation with its strange And extreme silentness. Sea, hill, and wood, 10
This populous village! Sea, and hill, and wood, With all the numberless goings-on of life, Inaudible as dreams! the thin blue flame
Lies on my low-burnt fire, and quivers not;
Only that film, which fluttered on the grate “Frost at Midnight” – first lines Part 1 The Frost performs its secret ministry, Unhelped by any wind. The owlet's cry Came loud--and hark, again ! loud as before. The inmates of my cottage, all at rest, Have left me to that solitude, which suits Abstruser musings: save that at my side My cradled infant slumbers peacefully.
'Tis calm indeed ! so calm, that it disturbs And vexes meditation with its strange And extreme silentness. Sea, hill, and wood, 10
This populous village! Sea, and hill, and wood, With all the numberless goings-on of life, Inaudible as dreams! the thin blue flame
Lies on my low-burnt fire, and quivers not;
Only that film, which fluttered on the grate “Frost at Midnight” – first lines Part 2 And so I brooded all the following morn, Awed by the stern preceptor's face, mine eye Fixed with mock study on my swimming book : Save if the door half opened, and I snatched A hasty glance, and still my heart leaped up, For still I hoped to see the stranger's face, Townsman, or aunt, or sister more beloved, My play-mate when we both were clothed alike!

(“Swimming”, as elsewhere in Coleridge, means moving.)
(A boy was "breeched" at about the age of seven) “Frost at Midnight” biography is as his blog, what he thinks about life always in his own world,his father was principal of school, when his father dies he rented a place at sicrum specialy interstet in philosofy utopia, he wasted his talent cause of drugs,was separeted from his children, relation between kids and natural world 2700 people in village, he is a prist, breake, fire is like a friend , pkays with thought switching back with old school day,as he was sitting in school he was thinking about village he was born in. his siter die in 1791 asking questions is really important

we can't always see the buty of creatures,
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