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Physiology of Articulation & Resonation: Dysarthria

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Kati Stilwell

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Physiology of Articulation & Resonation: Dysarthria

Dysarthria Physiology of Articulation & Resonation: Dysarthria When airflow and sounds waves are directed
through the pharynx to the oral or nasal cavity Articulation TONGUE VELUM TEETH  When someone speaks they use their articulators to shape their oral cavities to produce speech Manner & Placement Articulators MANDIBLE ALVEOLAR RIDGE HARD PALATE Velopharyngeal Process •Why is articulation and resonation
important to Dysarthria? Motor speech disorder that weakens the muscles of the face, mouth, and respiratory system Causes Symptoms Cerebral Palsy Head/ Brain Injury Muscle Dystrophy Neck Cancer Stroke Parkinson's Disease Multiple Sclerosis Lyme Disease Slurred speech Slow or rapid rate of speech Hardly speak louder than a whisper Drooling Monotone speech Raspy voice Types Hyperkinetic Ataxic Flaccid Spastic Hypokinetic Prognosis Poorly fitted dentures Stroke/Brain Injury ALS or Lou Gehrig's Disease MS or Parkinson's Disease After surgery to tongue or larynx Examinations •Respiratory function
•Sustained phonation
•Soft palate movement
•Laryngeal function
•Diadochokinesis
•Cranial nerve examination Coordinated Speech
Medical
Physical
Behavioral Exercises Relaxation techniques Phonetic simulation Strengthening Breath control Muscle strengthening Summary LIPS Resonation Treatment Resources:

Bowen, C. (2011, November 24). Speech Language Therapy. Speech-Language-Therapy dot com.
Retrieved October 7, 2012, from http://speech-language
therapy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=90:dysarthrias&catid=11:admin

Carmichael, J. (2011, May 26). Dysarthria & Dysphagia Exercises. LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved October
6, 2012, from http://www.livestrong.com/article/334833-dysarthria-dysphagia-exercises/

Clinic Staff. (2012, May 24). Dysarthria: Symptoms - MayoClinic.com. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved October 7,
2012, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dysarthria/DS01175/DSECTION=symptoms

Diadochokenesis - YouTube. (2009, May 16). YouTube . Retrieved October 7, 2012, from

Everything Speech. "Apps for Speech Therapy | Everything Speech." Resources for speech-language
pathologists.. Everything Speech, 13 June 2011. Web. 9 Oct. 2012.
http://everythingspeech.com/articles/apps-for-speech-therapy/

McCaffrey, P. (n.d.). Dysarthria Characteristics. The Neuroscience on the Web Series. Retrieved October
6, 2012, from http://www.csuchico.edu/~pmccaffrey//syllabi/SPPA342/342unit14.html

Seikel, John A., Douglas W. King, and David G. Drumright. Anatomy and physiology for speech,
language,and hearing. 4th ed. Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning, 2005. Print.

Symptoms of Dysarthria. (2009, October 28). YGOY. Retrieved October 6, 2012, from
http://speechtherapy.ygoy.com/2009/10/28/symptoms-of-dysarthria/

Talking with Dysarthia-Intermittent - #1 - YouTube. (2009, January 17). YouTube. Retrieved October 7,
2012, from

Thorum, A. (2013). Phonetics: A contemporary approach. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
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