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Chapter 14 - Family Policy for 21st Century

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Luci Nurkowski

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 14 - Family Policy for 21st Century

Definition of Family

Ordained by God
Building Block of Society
Nuclear family is the standard for all families
Definition of Family - Two ideologies
changes in family form include:
single parents
unmarried parents
working parents
gay families
multi-racial families
grandparents raising grandchildren
Declined due to the culture and political forces

Global economic restructuring has reshaped family
How has the family changed?
Child care subsidies
no fault divorce
Roe v. Wade
Sex Education
Affordable Care Act

right to choose
Government Policies
Definition of Marriage
Chapter 14 - Family Policy for 21st Century
Political, Religious, and Philosophical Ideological Differences

Two interpretations
Conservative perspective:

Against biological maternal imperative
Doctrine of 2 spheres
Cult of true womanhood
Working Women
Trends - explanations and responses


Social policies should support diverse families

Two Perspectives
believe this is due to a shift in values
Family related social trends include:
Premarital sex
Out of wedlock children
Child Care
Stem Cell Research

Socially constructed
Everyone gains when we support marriage between committed individuals
Providing benefits promotes stability
Who are they?
Jon Stewart
Planned Parenthood
Rachel Maddow
Bernie Sanders

Fox News
Glenn Beck
Lou Dobbs
Tea Party
Newt Gingrich
Why has the family changed?

Socially Constructed by historical, contemporary forces
"Nuclear" obscures the facts ( less than 10%)
Primarily changed due to structural changes
Definition of Family - Two ideologies
Progressive perspective:

Feminism = social equality
No proof of maternal instinct
Women are seeking advanced education
Two earners necessary to support family

Can only take place between a man and a woman
Conservatives :

Appalled at the breakdown of the family
Poverty is the biggest threat to family well-being and child development
Surge in women's labor is middle class phenomenon
Trends are result of industrialization
Support right to choose, divorce, sex ed and free condoms
opposed to "big government" and spending on these initiatives
believe private charity should address social problems

sex ed

universal health care

meeting the health needs of pre-schoolers

believe the changes are due to economic and social forces, including feminism, and the sexual revolution.
the definition (and legality) of marriage
Progressives argue that everyone gains from legalization
A. Contraceptives - two opposing views concerning the focus of sex education:
1. Sex Education
2. Abstinence
B. Abortion - In Roe v. Wade (1973)
1.2 million abortions occur each year, ending about 23 percent of pregnancies
Bias Against the Poor - Legislation that prohibits public funding for abortions limits the options of the women least able to afford children
1935 to 1996 -
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996
1) states administer welfare through block grants;
2) work is required within two years
3) welfare receipt is limited to a lifetime total of five years;
4) unmarried teen parents must live at home and go to school to receive assistance;
5) additional cuts were made to other federal programs that assist the poor;
6) many public benefits are denied to legal immigrants;
7) federal funding for welfare is capped with no provision for inflation or population growth.
A. Parental Leave

C. Work-Related Policies/
Gender Inequity
More than 16 million children in the United States – 22% of all children – live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level – $23,550 a year for a family of four
Poor Children at Risk - Poor children are susceptible to the following risks:
1. Infant Mortality
2. Infectious Diseases
3. Exposure to Toxic Chemicals
4. Hunger and Malnutrition
5. Educational Deficits
A sense of moral obligation
young single mothers
special commitment to children
should be financed and organized on the federal level.
for people who cannot provide for themselves
must reflect the diversity of families
U.S. had a minimal welfare program
780,000 adults who are married to same sex spouse
2 million Americans are part of same sex partnerships
Legal nationwide since June 26, 2015, when the US Supreme Court ruled (Obergefell v. Hodges) that state-level bans are unconstitutional
Working Parents
Parental Leave
Poverty from
two perspectives
B. Child Care
What is defined as a ‘normal’ family is a social construction
Within the United States, Massachusetts legalized gay marriage in 2004 and Vermont in 2009
Legal Services of New Jersey Poverty Research Institute (November, 2015)
Nearly 12 percent of New Jersey households didn't have enough
. Poverty was also strongly correlated with poor performance in school, as well as with poor health.
"At below 250 percent of the federal poverty line, a person in New Jersey experiences actual poverty because he is therefore deprived of safety, food, clothing, housing, health care, or other essentials. In other words, a family with two school-age children would need $64,000 annually to meet basic needs, according to 2011 figures."
The report did offer some
good news: The Affordable Care Act
has helped hundreds of thousands of residents gain health insurance,
repair the safety net
, the Poverty Research Institute recommended that the government establish new
emergency-housing programs
and work to ensure more eligible residents apply for and receive
SNAP food assistance.
Poverty in
was nearly
40 percent higher
than before the
financial crisis
"Key factors contributing to entrenched poverty included
long-term unemployment
that doubled 2007 levels and ranked third-highest in the nation;
high underemploymen
t, which accounts for people who would like to work full time but can get only part-time positions; and the state's l
owest labor participation rate in 30 year
s - a sign that more and more able adults
simply aren't looking for work
39 % of NJ Children
have insufficient resources
1/3 (2.7 million) NJ Residents
grappling with income hardships cannot make ends meet
Ted Cruz
"Reproductive rights" are the rights of individuals to decide whether to reproduce and have reproductive health. This may include an individual's right to plan a family, terminate a pregnancy, use contraceptives, learn about sex education in public schools, and gain access to reproductive health services.
Due: Monday, December 11 , 2016

Research one of the topics listed below. You must find a published article about this issue that has been written within the past two years. Be aware of the progressive and conservative perspectives of your issue, and determine if your article presents a conservative or progressive slant.

• Gay Marriage/The Government’s Limits on the Definition of Marriage – including same sex marriage and civil unions

• Family Planning/ Government and Reproductive Rights– which includes sex education, abortion and contraception

• Helping the Impoverished/Welfare

• Child Poverty / Meeting the Needs of Disadvantaged Children– including comparisons to other countries

• Working Parents which includes Parental Leave, Child Care and Gender inequality.

For extra credit

• Write a 1 – 2 page typed reaction paper on the topic attached to the copy of the article. ( 2 points)
• Write a 5 page paper on this topic using two or more sources as references ( up to 5 points)

Full transcript