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Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the ESL

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Almendra Terrones

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the ESL

Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the ESL Classroom
Whole Group Discussion
What is a school subject or extracurricular activity that you excel in, that comes easily to you?

What is a school subject or extracurricular activity that you struggle with, that does not come easily to you?
Presentation Outline
Background: Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Incorporating each intelligence in the elementary and secondary classroom, backed by SLA research

Cautions

Benefits

Addressing multiple intelligences in one lesson:
Interactive Learning Stations
The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Alfred Binet: IQ (Intelligence Quotient)
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Howard Gardner-
IQ --> simplistic
1983 - proposed 7 different types of intelligences
1999 - proposed the 8th intelligence
The 8 Intelligences
Linguistic

Logical-Mathematical

Musical

Spatial

Bodily- Kinesthetic

Interpersonal

Intrapersonal

Naturalist


Linguistic Intelligence
The ability to understand and use language.

Examples: poets, writers, orators, lawyers
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
The ability to understand logic, especially in math and science.

Examples: mathematicians, scientists, engineers, accountants
Musical Intelligence
The ability to understand and appreciate music.

Examples: musicians, composers, conductors, singers, sound board operators
Spatial Intelligence
The ability to perceive accurate spatial relationships in an environment.

Examples: artists, architects, engineers, designers
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
The ability to skillfully use one's body.

Examples: athletes, dancers, actors
Interpersonal Intelligence
The ability to understand and interact with others.

Examples: psychologists, counselors, politicians, sales people
The ability to see and understand one's self.

Example: philosophers, theorists, writers
Intrapersonal Intelligence
Naturalist Intelligence
The ability to understand and classify the natural world.

Examples: biologist, conservationist, gardener, farmer
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Write a story based on a picture or a certain prompt
Create a poem for a class poetry book
Constructivism
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Sort or categorize objects by beginning sound
Grouping Cognitive Style
Making analogies
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Use a song to learn about a certain content
Use rhythm and clapping to remember content
Auditory Learning
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Charades
Circumlocution
TPR (Total Physical Response)

Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Role Play
Cooperative Learning Groups
Show-and-Tell
Sociocultural interactive strategies
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Free write
Reflective Papers
Reflectivity
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Field Trips
Nature Walks
Grouping
Cautions
This theory does not apply to each individual student
Students could have multiple intelligences
Some critics say the theory is not supported by research, especially in cognitive neuroscience.
Benefits in an ESL Classroom
Learner-centered Classroom
Diverse learning experiences
Individual Differences & Student Responsibilities
Creative Methods to present material
Efficient & meaningful learning methods
Resources
Clip & Save Checklist: Learning Activities That Connect With Multiple Intelligences
Scholastic.com
Herrell, A. L., & Jordan, M. (2012). 50 strategies for teaching English language learners(4th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/increase-engagement-and-understanding
Brown, D. (2014). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, A course in second language
acquisition . :
Pearson

Connell, D. (2005, January 1). Clip & Save Checklist: Learning Activities That Connect With Multiple
Intelligences | Scholastic.com.
Scholastic Teachers
. Retrieved June 5, 2014, from http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/clip-save-checklist-learning-activities-connect-multiple-intelligences

Eggen, P. D., & Kauchak, D. P. (2013). Educational psychology: windows on classrooms (9th ed.). :
Pearson.

Haley, M. Understanding Learner-Centered Instruction from the Perspective of Multiple Intelligences.
Foreign Language Annals
,
34,
355-367. Retrieved June 5, 2014, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com

Herrell, A. L., & Jordan, M. (2012). 50 strategies for teaching English language learners(4th ed.). Boston:
Pearson
.

Waterhouse, L. (2006). Multiple intelligences, the Mozart effect, and emotional intelligence: A critical
review.
Educational Psychologist, 41(4)
, 217 - 225.
Works Cited
Elementary School Teaching Strategies:
Create own book with illustrations
Imagery
Use pictorial models
Puppets
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Write and share a poem/story/paragraph about content

Participate in peer writing workshops
Zone of Proximal Development
Interactive Learning Stations
Things to consider:
What multiple intelligences are used in the lesson?
What is another learning station the teacher could have added to address even more intelligences?
Can you see yourself using this strategy or a variation strategy in your own classroom?
https://www.teachingchannel.org/videos/increase-engagement-and-understanding
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Write and share a riddle about the content

Make predictions based on evidence and logic
Left-brain dominance
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Write a song about the content

Make a soundtrack
Meaningful learning
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Draw a map about a particular setting

Illustrate a character based on written descriptions
Right-brain dominance
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Choreograph a dance based on content

Mime or act out particular scenes or events
Kinesthetic learning
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Participate in cooperative learning activities

Debate about a topic with classmates
Socio-cultural interactive strategies
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Write in a personal journal not shared

Relate personal experiences and beliefs to new content
Reflectivity & self-regulation
Secondary Education Teaching Strategies
Incorporate nature to strengthen skill sets, such as describing, classifying, and categorizing.
Full transcript