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The Road to the American Revolution
Transcript of The Road to the American Revolution
by Tyler Overstreet The Seven Years War The Conflict occurred between British and French forces globally between the years 1754 and 1763. Ultimately, the British achieved victory after a savage seven year conflict. British North America was expanded to the Mississippi River and into Canada Great Britain established themselves as the premier power in the world with the victory The victory was a costly one; Great Britain found themselves 140 million pounds in debt after the conflict By today's standards that would be roughly 2.24 billion pounds! In the colonies, the conflict took place mainly in the Ohio River valley and pitted the British colonists and soldiers against the French and their Native American allies What do you think the British will do now that they have this massive debt? Time Out! How do you think the British would feel after such a massive victory? The colonists? How do you think the British - Native American relations were in this newly acquired territory? The Navigation Acts Legislation by Parliament The Quartering Act The Stamp Act The Townshend Acts The Intolerable Acts There are several iterations passed between the years 1650-1696 All imports and exports must be carried on British vessels All imports and exports must be sent to England before the colonies Some exports labeled as enumerated; in other words, they may only be shipped to England A common misconception is that the quartering act forced colonists to house soldiers The Quartering Act only asked the COLONIES to build homes and shelters for British soldiers (barracks, etc.) Enacted in 1765 A tax on all imports of commodities Included goods like paper, glass, and tea British start paying salaries of royal governors and judges Viewpoint of the colonists is that the British are trying to gain more control Fall 1768 - 3000 additional soldiers sent to the colonies Tax designed to raise revenue Virtually a tax on all paper Playing cards, bills of sale, pamphlets, marriage licenses Riots in Boston and Massachusetts "No taxation without representation" Non - importation agreements Cuts off England from economics of the colonies A Series of Acts also known as the Coercive Acts Boston Port Act Shut down Boston Harbor until the damages from the Boston Tea Party had been repaid Stripped away colonial rights of Massachusetts Restrictions as put in place restricting town meetings Second Quartering Act passed, citizens forced to quarter soldiers Soldiers who killed colonists were to be sent back to England to stand trial British debt after the Seven Years War Why do you think that some British acts upset the colonists more than others? Time Out! What do you think was the breaking point for the colonies? Imagine you are a member of British Parliament. What has a greater impact on your country, riots by the colonists or anti-importation agreements? If you are a colonist, what would you do to change the actions of the British Parliament? The Boston "Massacre" Colonists Revolt and Escalation Occurred on a snowy day on March 5, 1770 A shot was fired and later the soldiers fire into the crowd 6-7 killed; more wounded Soldiers held originally to protect them; later tried and convicted Only two are found guilty of manslaughter Branded with the letter M John Adams was their lawyer The Boston Tea Party British East India Company is on the verge of bankruptcy British government gives monopoly to East India Company on tea sales to the colonies New York and Philadelphia have riots so large that the ships don't even attempt to deliver their cargo In Charleston, the ships were met with little resistance, but city officials confiscated all the tea The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773 Illegally boarded ships and dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor 342 chests of tea were wasted, or approximately 90,000 pounds of tea. Heavily Romanticized event Acts of Parliament led to increases in colonist revolts and aggression Why do you think a majority of the conflict and rioting took place in the Boston, Massachusetts area? Time Out! Why do you think an event like the Boston Massacre was so heavily publicized and blown out of proportion? The Boston Tea Party? What other types of propaganda do you think might have existed during this time period? Lexington and Concord!!! 1775 Class Discussion The First Continental Congress A meeting of the thirteen colonies in 1774 Georgia is the only colony that does not send delegates Met to discuss issues like the Intolerable Acts and other British injustices Made plans to reconvene in May of 1775 The Second Continental Congress becomes the governing body for the colonies during the Revolution What do you think makes the First Continental Congress so significant? Increased Tensions Class Discussion Shoulder Partner