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7.03 Between the Fires

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Joshua Wade

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of 7.03 Between the Fires

Between the Fires
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Summary
Similarities
• They both set a dictatorship in their countries.

• Both were put into prison for starting a sort of rebellion. Hitler tried to overthrow governments of both Bavaria and Germany. He led a group of 2,000 in a march against the Bavarian government, but the state police stopped the protestors. Mussolini was arrested in Switzerland for organizing a general strike.

• Both used the Great Depression in their favor. When the Great Depression hit, Hitler increased his criticism of the government with speeches, protest marches, and mass meetings and Mussolini dealt with the Great Depression by increasing the production of military products and the enlistment in the armed forces. This strategy worked well, which made the leader even more popular.

• Mussolini and Hitler formed an alliance together.

• Mussolini was born in Dovia di Predappio, a small town in the province of Forlì in Emilia-Romagna on 29 July 1883.

• Taking advantage of the economic and governmental problems in Italy in the 1920s, he and his supporters marched on Rome, effecting a coup d'état and making himself prime minister.

• He used his military arsenal in an attempt to transform Italy into a world power and rebuild the Roman Empire.

• Led the Fascist Party
• Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Austria.

• In 1923, he attempted to overthrow governments of both Bavaria and Germany. He led a group of 2,000 in a march against the Bavarian government, but the state police stopped the protestors. For this attempted coup, Hitler was put in prison.

• The Nazis had several goals. One of these goals was to unite the German people into one nation. This nation would incorporate Germans in Austria, Czechoslovakia, and other countries. Also, the Nazis wanted Jews and non-Germans to be deprived of German citizenship. Hitler gained support for the Nazi Party through speeches and appeals to feelings of resentment.

• Led the Nazi Party

• Limited civil liberties in Germany

Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini had many similarities. They both were strong dictators and rose to power in similar ways. They took advantage of the downfall of their country to rise to power. After the World War I, Mussolini founded a combat group called the Fasci di Combattimento, which he later changed the name to the National Fascist Party. Taking advantage of the economic and governmental problems in Italy he and his supporters marched on Rome, effecting a coup d’état and making himself prime minister, later establishing a dictatorship. In 1919, Hitler began to attend meetings of a small group called the German Workers’ Party. When he became the group’s leader he changed the name to the Nazi Party. In 1923, he attempted to overthrow governments of both Bavaria and Germany, but was stopped and sent to prison. Once out of prison, Hitler began to rebuild the Nazi Party and to convince the government to make this party legal. By 1929, the Nazis had become a strong minority political party. When the Great Depression hit, Hitler increased his criticism of the government with speeches, protest marches, and mass meetings. Both Mussolini and Hitler dealt with the Great Depression by establishing a stronger military force. Both formed an alliance together.


Although they had many similarities there were also some differences. Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889 in Austria and Benito Mussolini was born in Italy on 29 July 1883. When Mussolini and his supporters marched on Rome, effecting a coup d’état and making himself prime minister, he succeeded, but when Hitler and his supporters tried to do the same he was sent to prison. Adolf did not succeed the first time. Both dictators had different goals. Mussolini’s goal was to transform Italy into a world power and rebuild the Roman Empire. Hitler had several goals. One of these goals was to unite the German people into one nation. This nation would incorporate Germans in Austria, Czechoslovakia, and other countries. Also, the Nazis wanted Jews and non-Germans to be deprived of German citizenship. One obvious difference was that Adolf Hitler was a German and led the Nazi Party and Mussolini was Italian and led the Fascist Party.
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