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BT - Ch. 4 - Main Idea

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Michael Shampine (Personal)

on 31 December 2015

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Transcript of BT - Ch. 4 - Main Idea

Chapter Objectives:
1. Define: topic, main idea, major and minor details
2. Identify topics
3. Recognize stated main ideas
4. Identify supporting details
5. Answer test questions about the main idea & topic
6. Use a three-question strategy for identifying the main idea
7. Identify unstated main ideas
8. Identify main ideas in longer selections
Topic
Single
word
or
phrase
describing a group of key ideas
Minor Detail
Gives specific info
explaining a major detail
Objective 1 - Define:
Topic, Main Idea, Details
Main Idea
A
statement
that explains the point the writer is trying to make
Major Detail
Specific info elaborating
about main idea
Chapter 4 - Main Idea
Major Detail
Specific info elaborating
about main idea
Major Detail
Specific info elaborating
about main idea
Minor Detail
Gives specific info
explaining a major detail
Minor Detail
Gives specific info
explaining a major detail
Minor Detail
Gives specific info
explaining a major detail
Minor Detail
Gives specific info
explaining a major detail
Objective #2: Identify Topics & Details
Word Topic: Clouds
Detail:
Cirrus
Detail phrase:
In the uniform, grayish stratus ...
Detail:
Cumulus
Topics & details can also be expressed in
phrases
Topics & details are expressed in
words
Objective 3 - Find
Stated
Main Ideas
Objective 4 - Differences between
Topic
,
Main Idea
, and
Details
Topic
=
Main Idea
=
Major & Minor Supporting Details
=
Objective 5 - How to answer test questions about
topic
&
main idea
Main idea test questions:
Topic test questions:
Word or phrase telling about selection
Sentence describing the writer's point
Is more
broad
than narrow
Is more
narrow
than broad
a
word
or
phrase
telling what the article is about
a sentence
telling what the article is about
words or phrases about main idea
Objective 6 - Strategy for Finding the Main Idea
1. What is the ?
2. What are the ?
3. What is the topic's
Paragraph:
main idea could be first sentence
Articles:
main idea could be at the beginning
Chapters:
main idea could be at the beginning
Thesis or topic sentence ... what's up
Readers should get the message at beginning
topic
details
message
Objective 7 -
Find
Unstated
Main Ideas
About
half
(50%) of the paragraphs in textbooks have
"stated"
main ideas
In such cases, the main idea is
unstated
; we have to figure it out
Every paragraph has a
stated
or
implied
main idea
Objective 8 -
Identify Main Idea in Longer Selections
It's easy to find main idea in one paragraph
It's more challenging to find the main idea of a chapter, article, or entire book
Longer selections may have several major details contributing to one main idea
The
three-step strategy
for finding the main idea remains the same for any selection:
(1) establish topic,

(2) identify details, and
(3) focus on message
Quiz #4:
Pages 125-126 Exercise 9,
Groups 1 - 5
Sometimes the message is hidden at the
END!
Main ideas are always expressed in
sentences
(main idea)?
The other half of the paragraphs have
"implied"
main ideas
Time for Group Activity #4:
Pages 118-119, Exercise 4
"Gist"
"Central Focus"
How to find the main idea ...
Full transcript