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Henrik Ibsen Hedda Gabler IO

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Abbi Fitts

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Henrik Ibsen Hedda Gabler IO

Henrik Ibsen's
Hedda Gabler

Goals in Writing
Hedda Gabler (1890)
His writing focuses on social issues of the world he lived in.

He criticized Victorian society
- for their hypocrisy
- for their unequal treatment of women
- for their deception in politics

He overturned the ideals of the society
- the ideas that the community and marriages were always pure and noble.
"Father of Modern Drama"
Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen's personal and public life significantly influenced his plays by containing many political, religious, and historical messages of the time period.

His radical views give insight into his life during his time

Ibsen incorporated social and psychological problems into current realistic settings in his plays

He incorporated as much dramatic writing into his plays as he could without losing the main idea of the story

He believed serious drama must strive towards a psychological truth and form its foundation on the characters and conflicts of mankind

Bibliography
http://voices.yahoo.com/an-analysis-hedda-gabler-henrik-ibsen-129199.html

http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/english2/handouts/ibsen-hnd.pdf

http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/ibsen.html#character

http://elementstheatre.org/pdfs/Ibsen-Henrik.pdf

http://www.sean-c-powers.com/Ibsen.html

http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3204828?uid=3739600&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21103034448191

http://cltc.org/our-season/hedda-gabler/

http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/wiki/revision:hedda_gabler#Social_and_Historical_Context

Henrik Ibsen's Personal Comments
“My main goal has been to depict people, human moods
and human fates, on the basis of certain predominant social conditions and perceptions.”

"It was not my purpose to deal with what people call problems in this play. What I principally wanted to do was to depict human beings, human emotions and human destinies upon a groundwork of certain social conditions and principles of the present day."

Henrik Ibsen's Creation of Hedda
Hedda:
- Literally means strife, she struggles through conflict with herself (her unwillingness to challenge her gender and societal role)
- She wants to know everything
- Wants to control others destinies
- Unhappy with life
- Had a lust for power
- Determined to live her life through the context of the society around her
Social Conditions and Principles Ibsen is referring to:
- Living a heroic life in modern society

- Freedom and self-fulfillment in modern society - Self vs. Society

- The role and the nature of the creator in modern society

- Living vicariously versus living life directly

How Hedda Gabler Illustrates This
Henrik Ibsen's personal and public life influenced his plays
-Financial issues are mentioned in the play
-Feminism, women's oppression

His radical views give insight into his life during his time
-The reality marriages weren't pure
-His addition of Judge Brack's role, Lovborg and Mrs. Elvsted

Social and psychological problems
-Lovborg's drinking problem (alcoholism)
-Hedda could be said to have depression
-Aunt Rina was an invalid

Use of dramatic writing
-Lovborg and Hedda's suicides - "dying beautifully"
-The burning of the manuscript - "killing the child"

Psychological truth and conflicts of mankind
-The conflict in Hedda and Tesman's marriage and Mrs. Elvsted's marriage
-There is no manuscript
-The progessive mental breakdown as the consequence of an inflexible social structure
Questions
What factored into one's destiny? Was the destiny presented inevitable?
Why do you think Hedda was unable to step out of the oppressed sexist society, yet other women in the play were?
Do you think Ibsen's goals of writing were accomplished in the writing of Hedda Gabler?
In the play, what social conditions were present? How did this impact the play?
-What were Henrik Ibsen's goals in writing Hedda Gabler

-His comments about his goals

-His creation of his characters

-Why is he the "Father of Modern Drama"

-How is play an example of modern drama
Focus
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