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Action Research Design

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by

Meghan Murphy

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Action Research Design

Action Research Design
Types
Characteristics
Overview
Action Research is the most applied, practical design. It involves looking at a problem, and seeks to provide a solution.

Uses quantitative and/or qualitative research methods
When To Use
An educator realizes that a specific issue needs to be solved
Educator wants to look at their practice and reflect
Educator seeks to addresses school wide problems
Practical Action Research
PURPOSE: When a teacher researches a problem in their own classroom, with the hope of improving learning for students and growing professionally

* Implements a small-scale project to address
problem
* Uses a systematic approach
* Teacher-researchers choose an area of focus,
determine data collection techniques, analyze and
interpret data and develop an action plan
* Teams may include: teachers, students,
counselors, and administration and can be
individual or team-based
Participatory Action Research (PAR)
PURPOSE: "To improve the quality of people's organizations, communities, and family lives" (p. 582)

* Aims for emancipation, liberation, or change within our system
* Promotes egalitarian and democratic aims
* Is collaborative (team) and participatory (looking at self)
* Often uses qualitative data collection


Development
Scenarios:
How could you use action research for the following situations?
Ethical Considerations
* Always respect participants
* Involve participants in all phases of the
research
* Obtain consent
* Give participants the option to withdraw
from the study
Steps
GOAL: Improve the
practices in education.

STAGE 1:
Identified a
process
to address issues in society

STAGE 2:
Found a need to
involve practitioners
(teachers) in the solution to educational problems

STAGE 3:
Groups assume
responsibility
for their own change (participatory)
Benefits
Encourages change
Empowers individuals
through collaboration on
projects
Makes educators
continual learners
Narrows gap between
research and practice
Encourages Reflection
Promotes testing of
new ideas
Drawbacks
* Teachers often do not have the time to do their own research

* Teachers do not always know how to do proper research
Step 1:
Determine if Action Research Is
the Best Design to Use
Step 2:
Identify a Problem to Study
Step 3:
Locate Resources to Help
Address the Problem
Step 4:
Identify Information You Will Need
Step 5:
Implement the Data Collection
Step 6:
Analyze the Data
Step 7:
Develop a Plan for Action
Step 8:
Implement the Plan and Reflect

Uses a process of inquiry
Teacher/educator is the researcher
Researcher self-reflects throughout
Often ask others to work in collaboration as co-participants
Uses a plan of action throughout
Base plan of action on knowledge about the research problem and share with others
Characteristics
Action Research Spiral
"Process of repeating and revising procedures and interpretations" (p. 584)
Disadvantage
Sometimes seen as an informal process of research
Full transcript