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Slavery Today

research and presentation on modern slavery in the developing world
by

sophie roberts

on 27 June 2016

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Transcript of Slavery Today

Slavery Today
This is the personal story of Long Pross, a Cambodian girl who is a victim and survivor of sexual slavery.
27 MILLION PEOPLE ARE CURRENTLY ENSLAVED
77% ARE WOMEN
9% ARE MEN
33% ARE CHILDREN
48% ARE GIRLS
12% ARE BOYS
Slavery is illegal
in every country
but...
That's more than any
point in human history
Some estimates say it's even more than the entire Transatlantic slave trade
Why are there more slaves than ever?
In fact, it's thriving
Slaves today are cheap and disposable
Why are slaves cheaper today ?
The population explosion
in the developing world
1.
2.
Advances in
technoloy
Which causes
poverty and an unstable economy
The vunerabilty
of communities
and indivduals within them
It then leads to
which results in
corrupt government officials who get bribed to turn a blind eye to the slaves or doing nothing to protect people from enslavement
and
even
people who are taking job offers which turn out to be slave traps
families selling their own members in order to make money
thus creating an abundance of slaves worldwide,

driving the prices for slaves to a historical low
You can actually own a human being for less than an iPod Touch
it's quicker and easier to transport slaves
Where is slavery most common today?
The majority of the world’s slaves are in South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal). Theres approximatley 24 million currently
Central America, South America and Africa also have large amounts of slaves
Human trafficking has been bringing tens of thousands of slaves to North America,Europe and Southeast Asia.
Human trafficking is the modern day slave trade
Slavery even effects us here at home
While the 13th amendment to the constitution abolished slavery in the U.S, slavery is occuring right in our backyards

There is an estimated 14,500-17,500 people are trafficked into the US each year.

States with the greatest concentration of traffickingare New York, California, and Florida;
What are these slaves being used for?
The majority of slaves are used for sex slavery
The second largest percentage is domestic slavery
SEX SLAVERY
Human Trafficking is a 32 billion dollar a year industry.

It generates more revenue than Starbucks, Nike, and Google combined.
Women who have been trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation experience a significantly higher rate of HIV and other STDs, tuberculosis, and permanent damage to their reproductive systems.

They are also more likely to have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (68% of female trafficking victims have it), become depressed or suicidal, and become addicted to drugs or alcohol
Victims of sex slavery and trafficking can be women or men, girls or boys,

but the majority are women
and girls


50 -60 % of the people who are forced into sex slavery are under age 16.

There has been some accounts of children as young as 5 or 6 working as prostitutes in brothels
Victims are typically lured into sex slavery by...

• A promise of a good job in another country
• A false marriage proposal turned into a bondage situation
• Being sold into the sex trade by parents, husbands, boyfriends etc.
• or they are kidnapped by traffickers

Sex traffickers use a variety of methods to “condition” their victims including
starvation,
confinement,
beatings,
physical abuse,
threats of violence to the victims and the victims’ families,
forced drug use
and the threat of shaming their victims by revealing their activities to their family and their families’ friends
Victims are then forced to work in brothels, massage parlors, bars and strip clubs. The horrors they endure are almost unspeakable.
DOMESTIC SLAVERY
Washington DC also has a lot of trafficking occuring
the internet makes it harder for traffickers to be caught
Domestic workers perform work within their employers’ households,
such as
cooking
cleaning
child-care, elder care
gardening
and other household work.
The 'employers' often exploit for the victims by using their unfamiliarity with the language, laws and customs of other countries and also


with
physical,
verbal
and/or sexual abuse



this creates a climate of fear and helplessness for victims of domestic slavery, so they are scared to leave or get help from authorities.
Women and girls are the most common victims of domestic slavery.
Men and boys may also be victims, but it's far less common.
Why did I choose this topic?
I choose this topic because while it's extremely common, it's also widely unknown by the general public. Awareness and justice needs to brought to the 27 million (and growing ) people who are being denied of basic human rights every day.
By the time I'm supposed to finish this speech, about 30 men, women, and children have been sold into slavery.
30 people's freedom, families, friends, hopes, dreams, livelihoods have been stolen away in an instant
SOLUTION 1:
Boycotting of slave-made goods seems like an easy way for consumers to stop buying into slavery and to pressure corporations to alter labor practices,

Boycotting companies that use slave labor to manufacture products
but it is rarely the most effective or responsible action to take.

Slaves are at the bottom of the economic ladder, without bargaining power or alternative job options.

When the market dries up for the commodities they are producing, the slaves are simply transferred to other work or thrown out without money, shelter, job training, counseling or friends to help them.
SOLUTION 2:
Prevention
By providing basic necessities (food shelter, water and medical care) specialized job educations to create a stable economy in at-risk communities and the most vulnerable within them (women and children) should reduce the amount of new slaves
However it takes a long a time and it doesn't help those who are currently enslaved
SOLUTION 3:
Stricter laws,legislation, and more monitering of businesses and households
Some other things would be educating those vulnerable to slavery about their rights, and empowering them


And also Training officials in transportation (stewardesses, border police)to recognize the signs of victims of trafficking
This is an obvious solution however its difficult because
there are corrupt goverment officials and police officers
it can take years to prosecute the salve owners and traffickers
and modern technology has made trafficking and slavery harder to discover and harder to stop
SOLUTION 4:
public awareness
By informing the general public that slavery is occuring people might donate money to foundations which provide aid (like transition housing,jobs and therapy) for victims of slavery) More slaves might be able to break free if they know they have a safe environment to turn to.
This is also a long process and some people might not want to get involved
What are the solutions for slavery?
Discussion
What do you think is the best solution for ending slavery?

Was there anything interesting you learned? What was you reaction?
Full transcript