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Azerbaijan v. Armenia Ethnic Conflict

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Matthew Moy

on 22 January 2016

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Transcript of Azerbaijan v. Armenia Ethnic Conflict

Ethnic Conflict

Azerbaijan vs. Armenia
Where is this Conflict?
Armenian - Azerbaijani War
1918 - 1921
Nagorno - Karabakh Region
Nagorno-Karabakh War
1988 - 1994
Between Azerbaijan and Armenia, relations weren't the best before and after the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Russian Empire, there was a brief time period in which Azerbaijan and Armenia became independent. During this time of independence, ethnic tensions started to rise.
After the fall of the Russian Empire, the rising ethnic tensions between the two countries resulted in the 1918-1921 War. This war was mainly fought due to the different views of the two ethnicites. Armenians were mostly Christians while Azerbaijan is predominantly Muslim. In addition to views, the two countries fought over Nagorno-Karabakh, a piece of land between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The war was never really settled until the Soviet Union came along. The Soviet Union annexed both Azerbaijan and Armenia in 1922. Under the Soviet rule, there was little to no conflict.
Who is in the Conflict?
In the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia there are two main ethnicities, Azeri and Armenian. This conflict was once in the form of violence, but as of right now, it is tension between the two.
The conflict is taking place in the Caucasus Region where Azerbaijan and Armenia are both located. This can be shown in the map below. It has not been spilled into neighboring countries.
This region is an unsettled disputed land between Azerbaijan and Armenia. This was the land that most of the violence was exhibited. The Nagorno-Karabakh region actually lies within Azerbaijani borders. It had declared independence with a majority ethnic Armenian in 1991. However, no one recognized this state. Then, it became under Azerbaijan's control once again.
The region is composed of mainly of ethnic Armenians and a minority Muslim Azeri.
91% Azeri, 1.3% Armenian
Azerbaijan is composed mainly of Muslim Azeri with an Armenian minority.
98.1% Armenian
Most of Armenia is composed of Christian Armenian. Armenians follow Armenian Apostolic (Christian).
1918 - The Independent Azerbaijani Republic is declared
1917 - Collapse of the Russian Empire
1918 - 1921 The Azerbaijan - Armenia War ensues
1922 - Soviet Union (USSR) took over
1922-1990 - Soviet Rule
There was peace among Azerbaijan and Armenia
1988 - The Nagorno - Karabakh Region wishes to be part of Armenia.
1990 - Ethnic Tension escalates after the fall of the Soviet Union
1991 - The independence of Nagorno-Karabakh escalate hostilities.
1992 - There is a full scale war over the Nagorno-Karabakh Region.
1994 - Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh sign a ceasefire accord.
Currently, the ethnic conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia has transformed into tension rather than outright violence. With the ceasefire of 1994, the to road peace has been somewhat restored.
The Ceasefire of 1994 worked as it created a compromise between the three regions and the two ethnicities. Although there may be some tension, peace has mostly fallen on the region.
Courtesy of the BBC Timeline for Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's Flag
Armenia's Flag
As the conflict has been more or less solved, I believe that through my lifetime, the peace would keep together. However, other tiny conflicts may arise.
Flame Towers of Azerbaijan
Located in Baku, Azerbaijan
The Nagorno - Karabakh War
1988 - 1994
This war between Azerbaijan and Armenia was fought over the Nagorno Karabakh Region. As stated in the previous slide, this region contains a majority of ethnic Armenians. However, since this region is within Azerbaijan borders, war ensued. The first few years of the war was relatively peaceful. Then in 1992, full-scale fighting erupted between the two sides.
It is estimated that around 20,000 - 30,000 people have been killed. In addition, around 230,000 Armenians were displaced in Azerbaijan.
Ceasefire of 1994
The Nagorno-Karabakh War resolved with the Ceasefire of 1994. This ceasefire was signed by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh. Essentially the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is a de facto independent state, but is de jure an integral part of Azerbaijan.
"Timeline: Azerbaijan." BBC News. BBC, 2011. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

"Nagorno-Karabakh Profile - Overview - BBC News." BBC News. 12 Mar. 2015. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

"Military." Nagorno-Karabakh. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

"Nagorno-Karabakh: Timeline Of The Long Road To Peace." RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Web. 21 Jan. 2016.

Geography Now! Azerbaijan. Paul Barbato, 26 Feb. 2015. Web. 22 Dec. 2015. <https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=DqVPVRmRIU8>
Yerevan, Armenia
Created By Matthew Moy
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