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World War 2 Major Events Timeline
Transcript of World War 2 Major Events Timeline
Germany invades Poland-1939
Britain and France declare War on Germany-1939
German "Blitzkrieg" overwhelms Belgium Holland and France-1940
British Expeditionary Force evacuated from Dunkirk. -1940
British victory in Battle of Britain forces Hitler to postpone invasion plans-1940
Hitler begins Operation Barbarossa - the invasion of Russia.-1941
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, and the US enters the war.-1941
Mass murder of Jewish people at Auschwitz begins. -1942
American naval victory at Battle of Midway in June -1942
Surrender at Stalingrad marks Germany's first major defeat. -1943
Italy surrenders, but Germany takes over the battle. -1943
British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma. -1943
D Day: The Allied invasion of France. Paris is liberated in August. -1944
Germans launch Battle Of The Bulge in a last ditch effort to win the war -1944
Russians reach Berlin: Hitler commits suicide and Germany surrenders in May -1945
After atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders -1945
Britain and France Declare war on Germany
On September 3, 1939 Britain and France (the allies) declare war against Germany for invading Poland.
Germany responded to this declaration by sinking the British ship Athenia.
39 Americans were killed on the Athenia, However, America remained neutral in the war
In Britain, there were many propaganda posters going about the place and Britain engages in Naval Warfare against the Germans.
German "Blitzkrieg" Overwhelms Holland
On May 10, 1940, Germany begins invading west Europe by attacking Holland and Belgium.
Winston Churchill becomes the new Prime Minister on Britain
156 German Divisions and 16 000 airborne troops were too much for Holland. The Germans took over.
Holland and Belgium requested immediate help from the Churchill-lead Britain. They responded
British Expeditionary Force evacuates Dunkirk
On May 27, 1940 The British expeditionary force fought their way to evacuate Dunkirk
Ships waited on the shore to pull out the 99 men, However they were trapped in a farmhouse under German suppress fire.
The men Agreed to retreat and were executed under German command.
Only two men survived and were traded back to Britain in exchange for captured German soldiers.
In the summer of 1940, The Germans invade Britain in the "Battle of Britain"
The Germans and British battled in the sky. The Luftwaffe went against the Royal Air Force
The Germans targeted air bases, tunnels, railway line, and civilian population
Despite all this, The RAF held dominance in the air, and won the fight for Britain.
Germany invades Poland
World War 2 Major Events Timeline By Kareem and Chapti
On September 1, 1939 German forces invaded Poland from the air and land. They attacked through the borders.
The German Forces used a strategy called "Blitzkrieg" This strategy involved bombing the Polish air force, communication lines, and railways.
Hitler intended to regain lost German land and wanted "Lebensraum" which is living space for all Germans.
As soon as the Germans had their security force in Poland, they began exterminating any anti-nazis and civilians in concentration camps.
Battle of Britain
Hitler begins Operation Barbarossa
On June 22, 1941 Hitler began his assault on Russia called "Operation Barbarossa"
3 massive German armies, 150 divisions and 3000 tanks marched east to smash the Russian defenses and take over
The operation was supposed to be a quick one, However, weather and poor supplies made it extremely difficult for the Germans to overcome the cold and advanced through the frozen mud
Russian counter-attacks pushed the Germans back and eventually caused them to retreat. No one beats Russians in the winter.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
On December 7 , 1941 Japanese troops attacked a US naval base on Pearl Harbor
The Japanese destroyed 20 American vessels, 8 destroyers, 200 aircraft, and 3000 soldiers and sailors lost their lives.
Despite the fact that every American vessel was destroyed, the Japanese failed. Ships no longer controlled naval warfare. Aircraft did.
The day following the Attack, President Roosevelt declared war against Japan. Germany and Italy declared war against America.
Mass Murder of Jews at Auschwitz
American naval victory at Battle of Midway in June
The Battle of Midway was one of the most important naval battles of World War 2. It took place between the 4th and 7th of June 1942,
The commander of the Japanese Fleet, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, devised a plan to draw the remaining ships of the US Pacific Fleet into a battle where they could be destroyed.
At Pearl Harbor, Admiral Chester Nimitz was aware of the impending attack by his team of crypt-analysts. Having successfully broken the Japanese naval code, they were able to provide an outline of the Japanese plan of attack as well as the forces involved.
In the end the United States won because of their code breaking team, which led them to fully understand Japan's plan of attack.
Surrender at Stalingrad marks Germany's first major defeat.
The Battle of Stalingrad is considered by many historians to have been the turning point in World War Two in Europe.
Stalingrad is an important target for Germany as it was Russia’s center of communications in the south as well as being a center for manufacturing.
The Battle for Stalingrad was fought during the winter of 1942 to 1943. In September 1942, the German commander of the Sixth Army, General Paulus, assisted by the Fourth Panzer Army, advanced on the city of Stalingrad.
Germany was heavily weakened due to the lack of being prepared for the extremely cold weather in Russia
By the beginning of February 1943, the Axis forces in Stalingrad had exhausted their ammunition and food. The remaining elements of the 6th Army surrendered.
Italy surrenders, but Germany takes over the battle.
By the end of the month Mussolini had fallen, and in September the Italians surrendered to the Allies, which caused a German invasion into northern Italy.
In the middle of May German and Italian forces in North Africa surrendered to the Allies, who used Tunisia as a path to invade Sicily in July.
Mussolini was rescued by a German task force, led by Skorzeny, and established a fascist republic in the north.
British and Indian forces fight Japanese in Burma.
British and Indian troops began their guerrilla campaign in Burma in 1943
In the beginning of Japan's China-Burma campaign, Wingate was sent to India to use his experience as a guerrilla fighter to train and organize a brigade of specially trained Gurkha (Nepalese), Burmese, and British troops these people were called "Chindits"
One of their most effective attacks was against the Mandalay-Myitkina railway, when they blew up three bridges while also fending off Japanese troops determined to stop the demolitions.
D Day: The Allied invasion of France. Paris is liberated in August.
During World War II the Battle of Normandy, which lasted from June 1944 to August 1944, resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s control. The battle started on June 6, 1944, also known as D-Day, when approximately 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France’s Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest military assaults in history and required extensive planning.By late August 1944, all of northern France had been liberated, and by spring the Allies had defeated the Germans.
Germans launch Battle Of The Bulge in a last ditch effort to win the war
The Battle of the Bulge, fought over the winter months of 1944 – 1945, was the last major Nazi attack against the Allies in World War Two.
The battle was a last resort attempt by Hitler to divide the Allies in two in their drive towards Germany and to destroy their ability to supply themselves.
The Battle of the Bulge started on 16 December 1944 and ended on the 25th of January 1945
Russians reach Berlin: Hitler commits suicide and Germany surrenders in May
Meanwhile, the Western Allies raced the Russians to be the first into Berlin. The Russians won, reaching the capital on 21 April. Hitler killed himself on the 30th, two days after Mussolini had been captured and hanged by Italian partisans. Germany surrendered unconditionally on 7 May, and the following day was celebrated as VE (Victory in Europe) day. The war in Europe was over.
After atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrenders
Plans were being prepared for an Allied invasion of Japan, but fears of fierce resistance and massive casualties prompted Harry Truman - the new American president following Roosevelt's death in April - to sanction the use of an atomic bomb against Japan.On the 6th of August one of them was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later another was dropped on Nagasaki. No country could withstand such attacks, and the Japanese surrendered on 14 August. This officially ended World War 2.
"Major Events Timeline." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/ww2_summary_01.shtml>.
"World War II." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii>.
"Battle of Midway." Battle of Midway. History.navy, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014. <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/midway/midway.htm>.
Auschwitz was located in the South of Poland and was opened in 1941. It was the biggest concentration death camp in the German empire.
Jews, Poles, and anti-Nazis were taken their to be exterminated. The ones who were fit for work were put under harsh labor, and the unfit were subject to acid showers, gases, and inhumane experiments.
Hitler had an idea that Jews were a disease to the human race and he thought he could solve this problem by killing every single one that lived in the German empires
Auschwitz was abandoned when the Russian forces advanced into German territory. Millions of bodies were found burnt and killed.