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Pre Colonial Literature up to MODERN

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Pam Dayao

on 28 June 2016

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Transcript of Pre Colonial Literature up to MODERN

Folk Songs
Hele or oyayi
Ambahan (Mangyan)
Kalusan (Ivatan)
Tagay (Cebuano and Waray)
Kanogan (Cebuano)

Literary forms
Riddles (bugtong)
Proverbs (salawikain)
Tanaga

conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs. 
Spanish as the medium of communication.

Secular literature
Awit 
Korido – Florante at Laura by Francisco Baltazar
Prose Narratives

Literary Forms
Religious Literature - Religious lyrics written by ladino poets or those versed in both Spanish and Tagalog were included in early catechism and were used to teach Filipinos the Spanish language
Pasyon - “Ang Mahal na Passion ni Jesu Cristong Panignoon Natin” by Aguino de Belen
Senakulo – passion and death of Christ

Literary Forms
Propaganda Literature
Political Essays
Diariong Tagalog
La Solidaridad

Planted seeds of nationalism in Filipinos
Language shifted from Spanish to Tagalog
Addressed the masses instead of the “intelligentsia”
PRE COLONIAL PERIOD
Spanish Colonization Period (1565 – 1863)
NATIONALISTIC / PROPAGANDA AND REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD (1864 – 1896)
Pre-Colonial up to Present Philippine Literature
The literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who inhabited the archipelago
A literature of varying human interest
Close to the religious and political organizations of the ancient Filipinos
The verses were addressed to the ears rather than the eyes
Verses composed and sung were regarded as group property
Based on oral traditions. Crude on ideology and phraseology
Epics
Lam-ang (Ilocano)
Hinilawod (Panay)
Kudaman (Palawan)
Darangen (Maranao
)

Political Novels
Noli Me Tangere
El Filibusterismo

Revolutionary Literature
Political Essays – Kalayaan
Poetry – True Decalogue, Katapusang Hibik ng Pilipinas, Liwanag at Dilim

AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD (1910 – 1945)
Period of Apprenticeship (1910-1930)
Filipino Writers imitated English and American models
Short stories and Novels

Period of Emergence
Romanticism
Realism
Short stories

Japanese Occupation
“Voice of Freedom“
Tagalog was favored by the Japanese military authority and writing in English was consigned to a limbo.
Philippine literature in English came to a halt.
no freedom of speech

War Years (1942-1944)
Tagalog poets broke away from the Balagtas tradition and instead wrote in simple language and free verse
Fiction prevailed over poetry
Pinakamabuting Maikling Kathang Pilipino (1943)
Suyuan sa Tubigan – Macario Pineda
Lupang Tinubuan – Narciso Reyes
Uhaw ang Tigang na Lupa – Liwayway Arce

Period of Maturity and Originality
(1945-1960)
Bountiful vest in poetry, fiction, drama and essay Filipino writers mastered English and familiarized themselves with diverse techniques. Literary “giants” appeared
Palanca Awards for Literature - Jose Garcia Villa, Nick Joaquin, NVM Gonzales, Bienvenido Santos. Gregorio Brillantes,Gilda Cordero Fernando
National Artist Awards - Jose Garcia Villa and Nick Joaquin

CONTEMPORARY/MODERN PERIOD
(1960 – PRESENT)
Martial Law repressed and curtailed human rights, including freedom of the press
Writers used symbolisms and allegories to drive home their message, at the face of heavy censorship
From the eighties onwards, writers continue to show dynamism and innovation

Literary Forms
THE VOICE OF THE VETERAN
THE HAND OF THE ENEMY
Pitong Dula
newspapers include: BULLETIN, TEMPO, BALITA, MALAY, MIDDAY, MASA, MANILA TIMES, NEWS HERALD, TRIBUNE, NGAYON, INQUIRER, EXPRESS TONIGHT, EVENING POST, PEOPLE’S, DAILY MIRROR, BUSINESS DAY, and MANILA CHRONICLE.

Introduction to 21st century LITERATURE
Gay and lesbian literature came out
Strong feminist tendencies are evident
More social problems are tackled
Younger writers have entered the literary scene
More literary criticisms have been written
The writing pieces are more daring or controversial choice of subject matter
Very innovative in structure and style
Influences come from the west
Characters, plot structure and narrative techniques are more complex

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