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River Valley Civilization

Brad Dsvis

on 8 September 2009

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Transcript of Babilonia

Babilonia Political Economic The society was govered by a monarch, the king, who was active in all fields. He was the legislator, judge, administrator, and warlord. The courts of were central for justice in Babylonia. Each court had between 1 and 4 judges and punishment and mutilation to flogging, reduction to slavery, and banishment. The Babylonian society was both an urban and an agricultural one. The economy rested upon agriculture, but governance, industries and fine arts were carried out in the cities. Religion Babylonian religion was a continuation of Sumerian religion, with the major change being that their god Marduk was placed on top of the Sumerian pantheon. Babylonian gods were represented as humans, but were defined with superhuman powers. They were immortal but yet could be killed. Each god controlled certain aspects of the cosmos, and cults were arranged accordingly. Society The Babylonian society was roughly divided into three classes: awilu (upper class), musheknu (free, but of little means), and wardu (slaves). All groups were protected by law, and enjoyed a minimum of rights. Intellectual Artistic Lions made of glazed bricks decorated walls along the broad road that passed the Lshtar Gate of Nebuchadnezzar in Babylon. Greek scholars later listed the famous hanging garden as one of the Seven Wonders of the world. According to legend, one of Nebuchadnezzar's wives missed the flowering shrubs of her mountain homeland. To please her, the king had fragrant trees and mountain shrubs palnted on terraces. They rose 75 feet above Babylon's flat, dry plain.
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