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BRAZIL

ADOPT A NATION
by

Kevin Sadhu

on 27 December 2012

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Transcript of BRAZIL

BRAZIL Total Fertility Rate Brazil is ranked 152 at 1.8
1995- 2.5 children
2015- 1.8 children
2025- 1.7 children USA is ranked 123 at 2.1 in the world
1995- 2.8 children
2015- 2.1 children
2025- 2.1 children •2015- 79 yrs
•2025- 80 yrs
US Male: 76.05 years
US Female: 81.05 years
1995- 75.8 yrs
US is ranked 50 in the world for life expectency. 2015- 74 yrs
2025- 76 yrs
Brazil male: 69.24 years
Brazil female: 76.53 years
1995- 68 yrs
Brazil is ranked 122 in the world for life expectency. USA BRAZIL LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH INFANT MORTALITY RATE BRAZIL Executive Branch BRAZIL USA 2015= 19 children
2025= 14 children
1995= 39 children
•Brazil is ranked 94 at 20.5 in the world
male: 23.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.93 deaths/1,000 live births US male: 6.64 deaths/1,000 live births
US female: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
US is ranked 173 at 5.98 in the world Brazil is ranked 126 in literacy rating at 88.6%
US is ranked 22 at 99%
Female in Brazil:88.6%
Male in Brazil: 88.4%
vs. USA: 99% Education: Literacy Geography + Topography Judicial Branch Legislative Branch Chief of state: President Dilma ROUSSEFF
Head of Gov.: President Dilma ROUSEFF
Cabinet is appointed by president
Election is by popular vote for a single four-year term
2010 Election Results: Dilma ROUSSEFF 56.01%, Jose SERRA (PSDB) 43.99%
Vice President: Michel Temer Government Consists of Federal senate (81 seats, 3 members from each state; Senate terms are 8 years, staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and one-third 4 years later.)
Consists of Chamber of Deputies (513 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
Chamber terms: 4 years, with elections based proportional representation by states. Each state is eligible for a minimum of 8 seats Supreme Federal Tribunal or STF (11 ministers appointed for life by the president/confirmed by the Senate)
Supreme Court President: Joaquim Barbosa (first black president)
Have a mandatory retirement age of 70 Minor Courts:
Superior Tribunal of Justice or STJ
Superior Electoral Tribunal or TSE
Regional Federal Tribunals Religion: National Conference of Brazilian Bishop
Economy: Brazilian Institute of Social and Economic Analysis
Environmental: or SOS Atlantic Forest
Rights: Center for Indian Rights
1970s urban movement: AIDS, racial prejudice, consumer rights, ecology, the homeless, Indians, mortgages, street children, and tenant How To Lobby? 1.) the interest group sends its own representatives to Brasília, when the legislative agenda warrants
2.)the interest group has its own representatives permanently installed in Brasília
3.)the group contracts with lobbyists in Brasília to represent its interests Why Would You Want To Lobby? THE END
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Brazil expanded 0.60 percent in the third quarter of 2012 over the previous quarter.

, Brazil GDP Growth Rate reached an all time high of 4.50 Percent in September of 1996 and a record low of -4.20 Percent in December of 2008.

Brazil is one of the fastest growing emerging economies in the world.

With large and growing agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, Brazil economy ranks highest among all the South American countries. Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 20%

industry: 14%

services: 66% Total value of exports: US$199.7 billion

Primary exports - commodities: transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee,automotive parts.

Primary exports partners: China (12.49 percent of total exports), US (10.5 percent), Argentina (8.4 percent), Netherlands (5.39 percent), Germany (4.05 percent)

Total value of imports: US$187.7 billion

Primary imports - commodities: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics

Primary imports partners: US (16.12 percent of total imports), China (12.61 percent), Argentina (8.77 percent), Germany (7.65 percent), Japan (4.3 percent) DEVELOPING NATION- TRANSITION PHASE ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT •Built on the Paraná River dividing Brazil and Paraguay, the Itaipu Dam is the world's largest hydroelectric dam. Today, the dam provides over 75% of Paraguay's electric power needs, and meets nearly 25% of Brazil's electricity demands.

•Hydroelectric power plants produce over 90% of the electrical energy consumed in Brazil. They depend on river waters in adequate levels in their ponds to generate energy.

•Biomass is a clean energy source used in Brazil. It reduces environmental pollution as it uses organic garbage, agricultural remains, wood shaving or vegetal oil.

•More than 1 million people in the country works in the production of Biomass, and this energy represents 27% of Brazil's energetic matrix Antarctic-Environmental Protocol- creates a Committee for Environmental Protection for the continent, states any activity relating to mineral resources, other than scientific research, shall be prohibited.

Protection of the Amazon Protocol- Amazon environment as a wilderness with aesthetic and scientific value

Antarctic-Marine Living Resources- preserve marine life and environmental integrity in and near Antarctica. specifically seals.

Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, , Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RENEWABLE RESOURCES •deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area

wood is a cheap and readily available source of energy.
If the trees are replaced, wood burning can be a long-term, sustainable energy source but they are not being replaced at a sustainable rate.

Less amount of trees leads to less rainfall, which is a contributing factor to some of brazil's droughts.

Brazil is also consuming a lot of fossil fuels do to the growing automotive industry and industrialization. Non-Renewable Resources Sustainable Future •Wind power in Brazil amounts to an installed capacity of 602 MW at the end of 2009, enough to power a city about 300 thousand residences. The 36 windparks and windfarms in the country

Brazil is also the most environmentally friendly country in the International Energy Ageny (IEA) with 54 % renewable resources They have the same school system as America. 180 days of schooling.
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