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Transcript of WWII
Part Three By: Somerville, Megan; Hayhurst, Hannah Wilson, Lindsey; & Wolesensky, Bobby Operation Overlord/
D-Day The Battle of the Bulge V-E Day The Holocaust Atomic Bombs D-Day Deception Hitler blamed the jews for all of Germany's problems and by 1942, the Fuhrer had established a campaign to murder all the European jews. This campaign became known as the "final solution". Catholics, Jehovah's Witnesses, the handicapped, and gypsies were to be targeted along with the Jews during this reign of terror. As World War II progressed, the Nazis began rounding up Jewish men, women, and children in the European countries they occupied. These Jews were shipped in boxcars to concentration camps in Germany, Holland, and Poland. Many of these Jews were killed in groups in gas chambers or shot by firing squads. A large number of Jews died from disease, hunger, or torture. Battle Gear The organized mass murder of 6 million Jews by the Nazis during WWII became known as the Holocaust. Taking the Beaches http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_ani_d_day.shtml http://military.discovery.com/tv-shows/world-war-ii-in-color/videos/world-war-ii-in-color-taking-the-beaches.htm Awesome Interactive http://www.history.com/videos/d-day-battle-gear#d-day-battle-gear http://www.history.com/videos/d-day-invasion-of-normandy#d-day-deception May 8th 1945 December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945 "This is undoubtedly the greatest American battle of the war and will, I believe, be regarded as an ever-famous American victory."
-Winston Churchill On December 16, 1944, with the onset of winter, the German army launched a counteroffensive attack that was intended to cut through the Allied forces in a way that would turn the tide of the war in Hitler's favor. Through January, American troops, often wading through deep snow drifts, attacked the sides of the shrinking bulge until they had restored the front and set the stage for the final drive to victory. After a day of hard fighting the Germans broke through the American front, surrounding most of an infantry division, seizing key crossroads, and advancing their spearheads toward the Meuse River, creating the projection that gave the battle its name. HIROSHIMA On August 6th, 1945, an American B-29 bomber dropped 'Little Boy', the first atomic bomb ever deployed on Hiroshima, Japan, destroying 5 square miles of the city and killing 80,000 people instantly. The 9000 pound uranium-235 bomb was loaded into the bomber on the U.S. base on Tinian, a Pacific Island. 'Little Boy' was dropped by parachute at 8:15 in the morning. It exploded 2000 feet above the city. The radiation caused by the bomb killed tens of thousands of citizens of Japan, but the Japanese still would not surrender. Pacific Theater The Japanese were able to gain control over a substantial area in the Pacific after their infamous bombing of Pearl Harbor, including the Phillipines and Burma. In the Battle of Midway, the United States Navy was victorious over Japan, fighting in the Coral Sea. V-J Day After the infamous bombing at Pearl Harbor by the Japanese, relations between Japan and the United States were low. The famed V-J Day, also known as Victory over Japan Day, was the day which Japan surrendered. Due to the drastically different location of Japan and the United States, the date of surrender fell on both August 14th, 1945 and August 15th, 1945. However, it was not until September 2, 1945 that World War II was officially over. Celebrations were everywhere, after President Truman's speech informing the United States citizens of the glorious news. However, in Japan, some of the soldiers committed suicide after hearing the news. Leapfrog Approach NAGASAKI On August 9th, 1945, a U.S. bomber dropped the nearly 10,000 pound plutonium bomb nicknamed 'Fat Man' on the Japanese city Nagasaki. Nagasaki was chosen as the target because the primary target city, Kokura, was covered by a thick layer of clouds. The bomb was dropped at 11:02 in the morning, destroying 2.6 square miles of the city with it's 22-kiloton blast. Peace Treaties After the surrender in Japan, no immediate peace conference was held. Soon, three meetings (held in London, Paris, and Moscow) were attended by representatives from the United States, China, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France. No agreements were reached. The agreement for the Treaty of Paris took place in the summer of 1946. Treaties with Italy, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, and Finland were signed in February 1947 and went into effect in September of the same year. By 1951, all of the Allied Powers but the Soviet Union had signed a treaty with Japan, and in 1955, the Soviet Union signed a treaty with Austria. The United States and the Soviet Union could not decide how to punish Germany. Eventually, it was divided into separate nations that were reunited in 1990 as one Germany. In the Pacific Theater, a specific fighting approach was used to overtake the islands; it was known as the "Leapfrog Approach".
Because of limited supplies, America would only attack specific Japanese islands which were less protected. Because of this, Japan was unable to build up protection on specific islands, and were not able to predict the future plans of the American Navy. This was a very successful battle tactic. June 6th 1944 V-E Day was celebrated to mark the day of the the official surrender of Nazi Germany, therefore ending the war in Europe. President Truman, who turned 61 that day, dedicated the victory to Franklin D. Roosevelt who had died less than a month earlier on April 12th. But the war was not over yet... "We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing; but let us not forget for a moment the toil and efforts that lie ahead."