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Group D: Listeria

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Caitlin Paulus

on 19 May 2016

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Transcript of Group D: Listeria

Listeria monocytogenes & Listeriosis
Listeria monocytogenes is a harmful bacterium that can be found in refrigerated foods, ready-to-eat foods (meat, poultry, seafood, and dairy - unpasteurized milk and milk products or foods made with unpasteurized milk), and produce harvested from soil contaminated with it. The bacteria causes the infection Listeriosis.
Companies Involved
Symptoms can appear from a few days up to a few weeks after consumption of the contaminated food.
Muscle Aches
Gastrointestinal Symptoms like diarrhea
December 29, 2014
Bionic Apples and Double Dipped Apple brands
Voluntary recall - potential contamination
Sold in St. Louis area retail stores and supermarkets, also nationwide through mail orders
How did it happen?
What happened?
-The FDA, CDC and state and local officials investigated an outbreak of listeriosis linked to commercially-produced, prepackaged whole caramel apples by Bidart Bros. Company located in Bakersfield.

-35 people from 12 states were infected with the outbreak strains of Listeria monocytogenes.

-34 ill people were hospitalized.
Happy Apple Brand
Recalled on December 24, 2014 in the United States and Canada
Company based in Washington, Missouri
Sold in single, three, four and eight packs
They were available for retail in 31 states and Canada
The Outbreak
Group D
Listeria Outbreak:
Caramel Apples

Who is at risk?

Listeriosis contributed to at least three of the seven deaths that were reported. Eleven illnesses were pregnancy-related, with one illness resulting in a fetal loss.
People with weak immune systems
People with certain chronic medical conditions
Pregnant Women
The CDC reports that 28 of the 31 ill people interviewed reported eating commercially-produced, prepackaged whole caramel apples. To date, caramel apple brands named in recall interviews include Happy Apple, Carnival and Merb’s Candies.

Two of these brands are no longer available for retail.
Three companies issued voluntary recalls of caramel apples because they had the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. These companies were:

Happy Apple Company
of Washington, Missouri
California Snack Foods
, of South El Monte, California
Merb’s Candies
of St. Louis, Missouri

Each company reported receiving notice from
Bidart Bros
, an apple supplier headquartered in Bakersfield, California, that there may be a connection between the listeriosis outbreak and the apples supplied to them.
Karm'l Dapple
Merb's Candies
California Snack Foods - El Monte, CA
December 27, 2014
Voluntary recall - potential contamination
Found in the produce section of stores in the following states: AZ, CA, NV, TX, UT
After a U.S. Food and Drug Administration
review, the agency considers that the
January 9, 2015 recall of Gala and Granny Smith
apples supplied by Bidart Bros. to be complete.

What consumers with affected products
to do
What Consumers
What Retailers and Restaurants should do
Who Should be Contacted and How
The Source: Bidart Bros.
What now?!
The Recalls
On December 31st the Happy Apple Company expanded their recall to include Kroger Brand caramel apples which were also produced by them.
Check with suppliers if they are selling the recalled Granny Smith or Gala apples
Wash and sanitize
Storage areas such as cases and refrigerators
Cutting boards and utensils
Be aware of cross contamination
Listeria can grow at cooler temperatures, make sure to constantly clean and sanitize

661-399-0978 about Bidart Bros
800-966-5501 about California Snack Foods recall
800-527-7532 about Happy Apple recall
314-832-7206 about Merb's Candies recall or email at customercare.merbscandies@gmail.com
1-888-SAFEFOOD about food safety or visit www.fda.gov

Most FDA recalls are voluntary, except for rare cases. If you believe you are in possession of a recalled product the best source to contact is the company who issued the recall.
To prevent Listeria, the FDA recommends the following:

Rinse raw products.
Scrub firm produce.
Dry the produce.
Separate uncooked meats and poultry from other foods.

Listeria monocytogenes can grow at temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius). The longer ready-to-eat foods are stored in the refrigerator, the more opportunity Listeria has to grow!

For refrigerators and other food preparation surfaces and food cutting utensils that may have come in contact with commercially-produced, prepackaged caramel apples, it is very important that the consumers thoroughly clean all surface areas.

1. Wash the inside walls and shelves of the refrigerator, cutting boards and counter tops.

2. Sanitize them with a solution of one tablespoon of chlorine bleach to one gallon of hot water.

3. Dry with a clean cloth or paper towel that has not been previously used.

December 22, 2014: The FDA briefed Bidart Bros. on the status of the investigation

December 22, 2014: Bidart Bros. issued a recall on Granny Smith Apples that were sold to producers of caramel apples

December 23, 2014: An analysis team was sent to the firm to investigate the source of the Listeria monocytogenes. Analysis of the samples was positive.
Headquartered in Bakersfield
Produced Gala and Granny Smith apples
The CDC determine the outbreak to be over as of February 12, 2015.
Works Cited
"FDA Investigated Listeria Monocytogenes Illness
Linked to Caramel Apples." FDA. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 21 Aug. 2015. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

"Multistate Outbreak of Listeriosis Linked to
Commercially Produced, Prepackaged Caramel Apples Made from Bidart Bros. Apples (Final Update)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Sept. 2015. Web. 20 Apr. 2016.

"Biological Hazards" presentation on PolyLearn.
gram positive
rod shaped
does not form spores
facultative anaerobe
intracellular pathogen (moves from cell to cell)
Can infect the liver, spleen, placenta and brain
Full transcript