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Prehistory (SS Unit 5)
Transcript of Prehistory (SS Unit 5)
is everything that happened in the past. History is important because we can learn from the past and we can understand why things happened in our world and use this information to make our lives better.
THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
is anything that happened before the
invention of writing
PRE-ROMAN PEOPLES ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
We can use
(objects that give us information from the past) to learn about history .
OBJECTS THAT PEOPLE USED IN THE PAST
PROFESSIONS RELATED TO THE
STUDY OF HISTORY
A person who keeps important documents and historical records safe.
A person who studies and writes
about the past.
A person who studies fossils.
A person who studies artefacts to learn about how people lived in the past.
A person who studies rocks, minerals and how the Earth’s surface has changed.
PERIODS OF HISTORY
We can divide history into five main periods:
Prehistory, Ancient History, Middle Ages, Early Modern Period and Late Modern Period.
invention of writing
marked the end of the Prehistory.
fall of Western Roman Empire
marked the beginning of the Middle Ages.
Columbus arrival to America
in AD 1492 marked the beginning of the Early Modern Period.
The War of Independence
(AD 1808) marked the beginning of Late Modern Period.
Prehistory is divided into two main periods:
depending on the type of materials and technology used in those times.
THE PALAEOLITHIC PERIOD
Beginning of human history
(they moved around to find animals and plants to eat).
(They lived in caves or huts).
They made tools with
People learned to use
The produced artwork (
Altamira Cave Paintings
Sima de los Huesos
in Atapuerca (Burgos) are the oldest human remains in Spain. They could be up to 400000 years old.
THE MESOLITHIC PERIOD
, a transition period between the Palaeolithic and the Neolithic.
Stone tools not only cut, but also polished.
THE NEOLITHIC PERIOD
The beginning of sedentary life.
People cultivated crops and domesticated animals.
Villages formed near sources of water.
They made farming tools with stone and wood.
They made pottery for storage.
THE COPPER AGE
The main change was the discovery of
and their uses.
discovery of copper
resulted in stronger weapons and tools.
up tasks in their community (farmers produced food, metal workers made
tools and weapons).
THE BRONZE AGE
People learnt to melt
Bronze weapons were
than copper weapons.
THE IRON AGE
weapons and tools using iron.
to make coins and jewellery.
Owing metal showed a higher level of
They built larger
of houses with large hill forts for protection.
The Iberian Peninsula was inhabited by different tribes during the Metal Ages: the
The Celts spread across Europe during the Iron Age.
On the Iberian Peninsula, they lived in the
They lived in
communities. Fortified villages (
) were built on hills.
They lived in round houses made of stone and straw.
They produced their own food through farming and rearing animals.
They were famous for their fierce
They were excellent
Archaeologists have found many Celtic
(coins, jewellery and sculptures i.e.
Los Toros de Guisando
The Iberians inhabited the
of the Iberian Peninsula, starting from the Bronze Age.
They were farmers and worked with metals. They also
with other Mediterranean cultures.
They lived in
. They built villages with streets of stone, rectangular buildings on hills with a watchtower for extra protection.
They created great sculptures like the
Dama de Elche
Toro de Osuna
They used large rocks to construct megaliths for burials (
Cueva de Menga
in Antequera, Málaga and the
on the Islas Baleares).