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Prehistory (SS Unit 5)

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by

ELENA LÓPEZ HERRERA

on 6 April 2017

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Transcript of Prehistory (SS Unit 5)

PREHISTORY
HISTORY
HISTORY
is everything that happened in the past. History is important because we can learn from the past and we can understand why things happened in our world and use this information to make our lives better.
STONE AGE
THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
IN PREHISTORY
PREHISTORY
is anything that happened before the
invention of writing
.
METAL AGES
THE CELTS
PRE-ROMAN PEOPLES ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
THE IBERIANS
HISTORICAL SOURCES
We can use
HISTORICAL SOURCES
(objects that give us information from the past) to learn about history .
PHOTOS
PAINTINGS
WRITTEN DOCUMENTS
BUILDINGS
OBJECTS THAT PEOPLE USED IN THE PAST
PROFESSIONS RELATED TO THE
STUDY OF HISTORY
ARCHIVIST
A person who keeps important documents and historical records safe.
HISTORIAN
A person who studies and writes
about the past.
PALAEONTOLOGIST
A person who studies fossils.
ARCHAEOLOGIST
A person who studies artefacts to learn about how people lived in the past.
GEOLOGIST
A person who studies rocks, minerals and how the Earth’s surface has changed.
PERIODS OF HISTORY
We can divide history into five main periods:
Prehistory, Ancient History, Middle Ages, Early Modern Period and Late Modern Period.
Important facts
The
invention of writing
marked the end of the Prehistory.
The
fall of Western Roman Empire
(AD 476)
marked the beginning of the Middle Ages.
Columbus arrival to America
in AD 1492 marked the beginning of the Early Modern Period.
The War of Independence
(AD 1808) marked the beginning of Late Modern Period.
Prehistory is divided into two main periods:
STONE AGE
and
METAL AGES
depending on the type of materials and technology used in those times.
THE PALAEOLITHIC PERIOD
Beginning of human history
.
People were
hunter-gatherers
(they moved around to find animals and plants to eat).
Housing was
temporary
(They lived in caves or huts).
They made tools with
stone, bone
and
wood
.
People learned to use
fire
.
The produced artwork (
Altamira Cave Paintings
).
The
Sima de los Huesos
in Atapuerca (Burgos) are the oldest human remains in Spain. They could be up to 400000 years old.
THE MESOLITHIC PERIOD
A
gradual process
, a transition period between the Palaeolithic and the Neolithic.
Stone tools not only cut, but also polished.
THE NEOLITHIC PERIOD
The beginning of sedentary life.
People cultivated crops and domesticated animals.
Villages formed near sources of water.
They made farming tools with stone and wood.
They made pottery for storage.
THE COPPER AGE
The main change was the discovery of
metals
and their uses.
The
discovery of copper
resulted in stronger weapons and tools.
People
divided
up tasks in their community (farmers produced food, metal workers made
tools and weapons).
THE BRONZE AGE
People learnt to melt
and shape
bronze
.
Bronze weapons were
stronger
than copper weapons.
THE IRON AGE
People made
better quality
weapons and tools using iron.
They used
gold
and
silver
to make coins and jewellery.
Owing metal showed a higher level of
wealth
.
They built larger
settlements
of houses with large hill forts for protection.
The Iberian Peninsula was inhabited by different tribes during the Metal Ages: the
CELTS
and the
IBERIANS
.
The Celts spread across Europe during the Iron Age.
On the Iberian Peninsula, they lived in the
north-west
and
central
areas.
They lived in
rural
communities. Fortified villages (
castros
) were built on hills.
They lived in round houses made of stone and straw.
They produced their own food through farming and rearing animals.
They were famous for their fierce
warrior
culture.
They were excellent
metalworkers
.
Archaeologists have found many Celtic
structures
and
artefacts
(coins, jewellery and sculptures i.e.
Los Toros de Guisando
).

The Iberians inhabited the
east
and
south-east
of the Iberian Peninsula, starting from the Bronze Age.
They were farmers and worked with metals. They also
traded goods
with other Mediterranean cultures.
They lived in
urban settlements
. They built villages with streets of stone, rectangular buildings on hills with a watchtower for extra protection.
They created great sculptures like the
Dama de Elche
and the
Toro de Osuna
.
They used large rocks to construct megaliths for burials (
Cueva de Menga
in Antequera, Málaga and the
taulas
on the Islas Baleares).
Full transcript