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Psychology - Conformity
Transcript of Psychology - Conformity
Example: USA (WESTERN ) Individualist & Collectivist
Cultures Individualistic cultures on Conformity: Will emphasize personal opinions or achievement at the expense of group goals, resulting in a strong sense of competition.
Collectivist cultures on Conformity: Will emphasize group goals above individual needs or desires. Impact of Individualistic & Collectivist Cultures on Conformity - Have examined the results of 133 of these 'Asch type' experiment with 17 different countries
- Results were found differently in conformity
-4.7 , conformity was less in studies conducted in North America and Western Europe. (Ex. France, Portugal)
- And rests were Asia countries (Ex. and Africa)
-Bond and Smith believe that the results of their 'meta-analysis study suggest that there are cultural differences in on conformity.
* The lowest conformity: Individualist cultures
* The higest conformity: collectivist culutres Bond and Smith study -They conducted three studies on the power of group norms of individualism and collectivism to guide self-definition and group behavior for people with low and high levels of group identification
-In the first study they conducted they showed that North Americans who identify highly with their national identity, are more individualistic than North Americans who are low-identifiers with their national identity.
-In a second study, they manipulated the group norms of individualism and collectivism, and showed that high-identifiers incorporate the group norms that are salient at that moment more strongly than low-identifiers.
-In the third study they showed that conformity to group norms is stronger when highly identifying with the group
- Jetten,Postmes and McAuliffe(2002) : THE END :) Collectivist culture : view themselves as members of groups and consider the needs of the group to more then the needs of individuals.
Example: Korea ,China (ASIA)