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Ocean Pollution

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Natalie Moir

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Ocean Pollution

Chloe McElgin, Lary Terleckyj, Natalie Moir Ocean Pollution in General Coral Reefs Oil Spills Algae are needed to sustain coral
Most of the trash that ends up in the ocean is plastic (90% to be exact) All of this trash especially plastic can harm or even kill Marine life. Chloe Ocean Pollution make up 24% of marine life and 1% of the ocean
environment 280,000 km2 area of coral reefs block and protect shores from storms and crashing waves many species rely on coral reefs for habitat and food reasons for destruction: deforestation, fertilizer, climate change, coastal development, waste being dumped in oceans, boats, overfishing, overall pollution coral used for medicine to treat AiDS and cancer coral serve as homes and food for organisms algae are very sensitive and if there's a slight change in temperature or environment, they die coral reefs are found in shallow waters where sunlight can come through because algae need sunlight to produce food MNN - Mother Nature Network." Environmental News and Information. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://www.planetgreen.discovery.com/ .

"Greenpeace | Greenpeace." Greenpeace. |. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://www.greenpeace.org/ .

Sprinter Life|." Sprinter Life. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://sprinterlife.com/

|. "National Geographic Home Page." National Geographic. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://www.nationalgeographic.com/ .

http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/oilimpacts.html Council â“ The Earth's Best Defense | NRDC." Natural Resources Defense Council â“ The Earth's Best Defense. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://www.nrdc.org/

. Save Our Oceans." Save Our Oceans. Web. 09 Jan. 2013. http://saveouroceans.info/ .

Information About Animals." Animal Information. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. http://www.animalport.com/

. "Earthjustice: Because the Earth Needs a Good Lawyer." Earthjustice. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. http://earthjustice.org/
http://www.amsa.gov.au/marine_environment_protection/educational_resources_and_information/teachers/the_effects_of_oil_on_wildlife.asp Bibliography -Twice the size of Texas
-Lots of plastic and garbage
-10% of the plastic in the world is in the ocean
-Animals can eat plastic
-35% of fish have plastic in their stomachs
-Been around since the 50’s, guessed
-Made up of two big vortexes
-The US creates 30% of the world’s waste
-3%-5% of plastic is recycled
-If we recycle, the ‘waste stream’ could be decreased by 50%
-About 8.64 trillion tons of plastic in the ocean http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/features/ocean_pollution_animation/ NRDC-
Natural Resources Defense Council "Earth's best defense" come up with policies to help protect wildlife and habitats
most focus is on climate change top rated charity 1.3 million members- lawyers, scientists, & other professionals island of trash animation Lisa Saurtoni- scientist who studies coral reef bleaching in Fiji Save Our Shores called SOS Trash Vortex Natalie give lists on ways to help :
get involved
report accidents Laryssa raises awareness of pollution and to reduce the amount of trash thrown out and dumped in ocean-particularly plastic A penguin covered in oil from an oil spill off the coast of South Africa Robben Island, South Africa. NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Mission- to address threats to areas near the coast and the ocean
such as climate change, population growth, port congestion and pollution trying to get kids aware with games and activities on the website also raising awareness to people living on the coast get money from donations and the United States Department of Commerce Inquiry Question What is ocean pollution and what are different types? plastic takes over 400
years to decompose Oil Spills obviously affect marine animals but it turn out, oil spills affect them more than you think:
Internal Damage-
If a marine animal breathes in the water or consumes oil is now in their body and can affect them internally. Oil that is in animals bodies can cause ulcers, damage to red blood cells, kidney, lungs, and the immune system.
If an animal has oil externally, it can ruin, or damage its coat. This animal is now endangered and is easier to be attacked, also know as increased predation. In extremes birds are so “soaked” in oil they die.
Oil can damage or potentially ruin fish turtle, etc eggs, both during and after the spill. Oil can also damage marine animals hormones and behavioral changes, causing animals not to mate, or even unintentionally neglect, or abandon there kids or offspring.
Oil may also cause damage to animals’ eyes, which can result in ulcers, conjunctivitis, and even blindness. This makes it harder or impossible, for animals to find their food.
Micro-organisms, like plankton, and shellfish larvae, are very sensitive to small amounts of oil. One gallon of used oil spilled in one million gallons of water will kill half of all exposed crab larvae. (Washington State Dept. of Ecology) ocean pollution is when things not native to the marine ecosystem come into the ocean environment trash to factory chemicals pollution disturbs to wildlife coral bleaching- when coral gets stressed by any change in its normal living conditions, such as exposure to more or less light, temperature changes, or changes in nutrient intake, it expels the algae living in their tissue coral bleaching causes the coral to lose its color after coral is bleached, it's easier for it to die
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