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Sentence Unity

English 2: Week 8
by

Your Little Teacher

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Sentence Unity

English 2: Week 8

by Ms. Rosario M. Vedad

Sentence Unity
achieve sentence unity by being consistent in tense, voice, mood and number/gender/ person
I. Consistency of Tense
Objectives :
Tense means time and tells when the situation takes place. It is necessary to observe consistency of tense when there are two or more verbs in a given expression or sentence to avoid conflicting time.
Voice is an aspect of a verb that shows whether the subject performs or receives the action.
Just like tense, voice must be consistent throughout the sentence.
Mood is the attitude of a verb that indicates whether the action or condition is factual or contrary to fact.
When a sentence contains two or more verbs, it is important to observe consistency of mood. This means that the indicative must be paired with indicative, subjunctive with subjunctive and imperative with imperative.
Consistency of Number, Person, and Gender
A pronoun agrees with its antecedent not only in
number (singular, plural)
but also in
person (first, second or third) and gender (masculine or feminine)
. All pronouns have their antecedents which usually appear before them.
Use the words in parentheses to rewrite each sentence using the subjunctive mood.
1. People should be on the lookout for sale advertising. (It is important.)
Answer: It is important that people be on the lookout for sale advertising.
Rules
1. The verb in the adverb clause must agree with the verb in the independent clause (IC) in tense. The verb in the IC dictates the tense regardless of its position in the sentence.
examples:
As soon as the guest speaker
arrived
the seminar
began.
[adverb clause] [independent clause]

BOTH VERBS ARE IN THE PAST.
Simon
reads

his
anatomy book while he
looks
after his sister.
[independent clause] [adverb clause]

BOTH VERBS ARE IN THE PRESENT TENSE.
2. The verb in the adjective clause may or may not agree with the verb in the independent clause in tense.This will depend on the time of occurrence of tho verbs in a given expression.
examples:
This
is
the hospital that
gives
discount to the poor.
[IC] [adj clause]

BOTH VERBS ARE IN THE PRESENT TENSE.
This
is
the place where I
lost
my wallet.
[IC] [adj clause]

The verb in the adj clause that the action occurred in the past and does not agree with the verb in the IC since it tells a permanent condition.
3. The verb in the noun clause agrees with the verb in the independent clause in tense unless the idea in the noun clause is universal truth or relatively permanent condition.
examples:
I
told
my boss that I
would
submit my report on time.
[IC] [noun clause]

BOTH VERBS ARE IN THE PAST.
The tourist guide
said
that Taal volcano
is
in Batangas.
[IC] [noun clause]

THE IDEA IN THE NOUN CLAUSE INDICATES PERMANENT CONDITION WHICH DOES NOT AGREE WITH THE VERB IN THE IC WHICH EXISTED IN THE PAST.
When a sentence is without a dependent clause, the verb which is used first dictates the tense of the succeeding verb.
examples:
The receptionist
opened
the drawer,
pulled
out the brochure, and
gave
it to the guest.
Man and the way he
looks
at and
responds
to the world of nature, the way he
treats
,
explores
and
reacts
to the world around him
have
been enduring themes in man's literary efforts.
examples:
Everyone
needs
a balanced diet because good eating habits
provide
the secret to a long and productive life.
[both verbs are in the active voice.]
However, the verbs do not have to be consistent in voice if one of them is an adjective clause.
Often, appetite
has been pampered
until it
cannot be trusted
to protect us from eating the wrong food.

[both verbs are in the passive voice.]
The laws of nutrition
include
factors such as age, size, weight, and activity which
are considered
in the preparation of a person's health.
Young people who
are guided
by the wrong appetite
eat
the wrong food.
1. INDICATIVE MOOD is an action or condition that is factual or possible to happen. Since it is factual the kind of verb must be in the present tense.
EXAMPLES:
I believe I can finish my thesis before the deadline comes.
I know that God provides me the strength every time hard times hit me us like explosions.
All verbs are in the indicative mood because the situation expresses possibility.
2. Subjunctive mood is an action or condition that is contrary to fact or impossible to happen. Because the mood is far from reality, it takes the verb "wish" which expresses doubt or it may begin the sentence with an "if-clause" followed by the past tense plural "were" regardless of the number of the subject.
examples:
I
wish
I
were
the owner of this six-star hotel.

If I
were
you, I
would
not disclose the patient's condition with the nurses.
Verbs like move, agree, recommend, insist, urge, as well as the expression, "It is necessary or important" are in the subjunctive mood if they are followed by the "that-clause" and use the plural form regardless of the number. It also omits the helping verb "should or must" and uses the "be" verb instead of am, is or are.
examples:
The doctor
recommends
that the patient take a vitamin pill each day.

It
is
necessary that each student
wear
the prescribed uniform.
We
urge
that the applicant
be
given another chance.

He
requests
that all heirs
be
present at the reading of the will.
Imperative mood gives a command or makes a request. In an imperative sentence, the second person"you" is understood as the subject even though it is not written. It begins with a transitive verb.
Type
the letter,
sign
it in my absence but
do
not wait until tomorrow.

Conserve
,
maintain
, and
protect
the earth for our own survival.
examples:
Parents who work abroad cannot give
their
children the attention
they
need.
Unlike a man, a woman has wider pelvis, designed for childbearing, which forces
her
to put more movement into each step
she
takes with the result that
she
displays a bit of a jingle and sway as
she
walks.
It is believed that laughter has
its
mysterious healing power.
It
can relieve one from headache, tension and stress.
Fill in the blanks with the correct verbs and pronouns.

1. In 1860, The Nightingale School of Nurse opened at St. Thomas Hospital in London. The school served as a model for other training school. _____graduates _____ to other countries to manage hospitals and institute nurse-training programs.
A. their, travel C. her, travels
B. its, traveled D. its, travels
2. Nightingale's vision of the nursing system was more on developing the profession within hospitals. She complied notes of _____ visits to hospitals and ____the sanitary facilities and social problems of the places she____.
A. his, observes, visits C. their, observed, visited
B. her, observes, visits D. her, observed, visited
At the age of 32, she entered the Deaconess School in spite of her family's resistance to her ambitions. She _____ a nurse over the objections of society and ____ family.
A. became, her C. became, their
B. becomes, her D. became, its
Nursing care was performed without any formal education and by people who were directed by more experienced nurses. ____ kind of nursing ____ developed by religious orders of the Christian Church.
A. these, are C. this, was
B. this, is D. these, were
Nurses fled ____ lives; soon there was shortage of people to care for the sick. Hundred of hospitals closed because there ______ no provision for the sick.
A. her, is C. their, is
B. his, was D. their, was
Revise the following sentences to make them consistent in voice.
1. Diet means what is eaten and what we drink habitually.
Diet means what is eaten and what is drunk hab
itually.

Diet means what we eat and drink habitually.
Alvin helps in cooking for my birthday while the house is decorated by Ate.
Alvin helps in cooking while Ate decorates the house.
My dog is loved by or family; thus it loves us also.
My dog is loved by our family; thus, we are loved by it also.
The doctor advised Reymond to eat healthy foods so fruits and vegetables are bought by him everyday.
The doctor advised Reymond to eat healthy food so he buys fruits and vegetables everyday.
Educational achievement is needed so Ezekiel reads his books all the time.
Educational achievement is needed by everybody so his books are read by Ezekiel all the time.
Revise each sentence containing inconsistency in tense.
1. Our Science teacher said that water boiled at 100 degree Celsius.
Our Science teacher said that water boils at 100 degree Celsius.
People in this compound just come and went unmindful of one another.
People in this compound just come and go unmindful of one another.
Yesterday, the college registrar split the English 8 class into two sections after the professor reports its overflowing size.
Yesterday, the registrar split the English 8 class into two sections after the professor reported its overflowing size.
The cashier counted the sales of the day and keeps the cash in the vault.
The cashier counted the sales of the day and kept the cash in the vault.
The tourist guide said that Calaguas Islands was in Bicol.
The tourist guide said that the Calaguas Island is in Bicol.
2.Children should eat fast food only once or twice a month. ( it is vital)
It is vital that children eat fast food only once or twice a month,
3. Parents should read reviews before their children see a movie. ( It is crucial)
It is crucial that parents read reviews before their children see a movie.
4. The government must prevent kids from dropping out of school. ( we insist)
We insist that the government prevent kids from dropping out of school.
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