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Water Resources and Distribution in the Udaipur Basin
Transcript of Water Resources and Distribution in the Udaipur Basin
in the Udaipur, India Basin Objective Questions How can water in the Udaipur Basin be better managed? Where is the most effective place to implement a policy (which sector)? What affects supply and demand? Where can policies in each sector be implemented? Ashka Dave, Allison Deal, and Vidhi Singhal December 1, 2009 ESE 408 System Dynamics "..effective irrigation mangement requires going beyond single-policy solutions to a more nuanced approach that builds on better diagnosis and adaptive learning to find solutions that fit local biophysical, social, and economic conditions."
~Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute "Because of the interconnected nature of the hydrologic cycle, one person's use of water generates externalities for others." why system dynamics? Also allows for community input previous models Issue and innovation models approach water management as the micro-management of approximately 3 sectors Why Udaipur? suffers from water deficit
undergoing rural-urban shift
call to order by the Rajasthani government
availability of reference modes History of Region The Udaipur basin consists of five main lakes that were man-made between the 14th and 17th centuries for the purpose of water supply management.
The Ahar River flows through the center of the Udaipur basin and serves as a drainage mechanism for the region.
The basin is supplied by both surface water and underground sources, which have both drastically diminished, causing the lakes to dry. Reference Modes Annual rainfall: 640 mm
Water demands per sector
- Domestic: 60.9 mld
- Industrial: 2.3 mld
- Commercial: 4.7 mld
Present water requirement of Udaipur: 70 mld (population 559,000)
Water supply of Udaipur: 38.37 mld
Water shortage: 1.63 mld