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FCE - Unit 5 - Zero, first and second conditionals

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Rianne Moonen

on 31 May 2017

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Transcript of FCE - Unit 5 - Zero, first and second conditionals

First conditional
Second Conditional
Second Conditional
Used to express a present or future condition which is imaginary, contrary to the facts, impossible or improbable.
Zero Conditional
FCE - Unit 5 - zero, first and second conditionals
Zero Conditional
Used to express:
things which are generally true:
People get annoyed if you shout at them.
scientific facts:
If water boils, it evaporates.
rules:
If you take your phone into class, it must be switched off.

First Conditional
used to express a future condition the speaker thinks is possible or likely:
If I get the job, I will buy myself a new car.
If I was as rich as Bill Gates, I wouldn't work. (imaginary)
I wouldn't fly in a helicopter, unless I was sure it was completely safe. (imaginary)
Her English would be better if she came to class more often. (contrary to the facts - she doesn't come to class often enough)
Present Simple
verb
verb+s
don't + verb
doesn't + verb
Present Simple
verb
verb+s
don't + verb
doesn't + verb
Past Simple
verb+ed
2nd form
didn't + verb
Form: If the teacher is late, it sets a bad example to the class.

Condition Result
If + present simple present simple


If you wash the car, it will look much smarter.
I won't phone you unless it's urgent.
You can have an ice cream if you behave well.
You shouldn't go swimming unless you think it's safe.

Condition Result
If/unless + present tense will/won't + verb

modal verb (may, can,
should, etc) /
imperative


If she wasn't so busy, she could come to the party.
I would go for a walk if it wasn't so cold.

Condition Result
If/unless + past simple would/could/might + verb.

Second Conditional
First Conditional
Full transcript