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15.4 Ethics And impacts Of Biotechnology
Transcript of 15.4 Ethics And impacts Of Biotechnology
BY: Stephen Howard & Luke Lieberman
GM Foods - (Genetically modified foods) Also known as GMO'S (genetically modified organisms) What are GM foods? GM foods Are foods that are produced from organisms that have specific changes introduced into their DNA using methods of genetic engineering.
A Patent Is a legal tool that gives an individual or company the exclusive right to profit from its innovations for a number of years..
The first US patent was issued on July 31, 1790 to Samuel Hopkins of Philadelphia.
There are three types of patents: utility, design, and plant.
The US has issued over 8 million patents since 1790.
253,155 utility patents were issued in 2012.
What is Biotechnology? Key Question
The use of microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeasts, or biological substances, such as enzymes, to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes. We have been using biotechnology for over 10,000 years.
The industrial use of biotechnology actually started when people began using microbes to produce wine, bread, cheese, and other products.
What privacy issues does biotechnology raise? Key Question
Are Genetically Modified foods safe?
The majority of GM crops today are grown in the United States. The companies producing seeds for genetically modified crops would say that genetically modified crops are actually better and safer to consume.
But some studies show that genetically modified foods can actually be dangerous and harmful to consume, create unpredictable allergies, and nutritional problems.
Genetically modified foods are not labeled in stores, however Vermont has just passed a law on 4/24 which will require food stores to label genetically modified foods. The first and only state ever to pass the law in the U.S.
Russia has just recently banned genetically modified foods from their country. At least 25 other countries have also banned genetically modified foods.
Biotechnology raises DNA privacy issues. It helps to understand that modern biotechnology allows a single gene (from a strand of thousands of genes) to be changed, while traditional breeding involves random mixtures of many genes.
Should genetic modifications to humans and other organisms be closely regulated?
Yes, genetic modifications should be closely regulated to prevent privacy issues. Our genetic information should be kept confidential.
What is a Patent?
Utility Patents - are used to protect the ways an item is used and how it works.
Design Patent- is used to to protect the ornamental appearance of a manufactured invention by someone.
Plant Patent- Plant patents are issued for new varieties of asexually reproduced plants. A plant patent may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant.
1. What does GM stand for?
2. How long have we been using biotechnology? And what is biotechnology?
3.What Privacy issue does biotechnologoy raise?
4. Are GM foods labeled in stores?
. Design Patents- is used to protect the ornamental
of a manufactured invention by someone...T/F?
. What country has recently banned GM Foods?
1. GM stands for Genetically Modified
2.We have been using biotechnology for OVER 10,000 years. Biotechnology is the use of microorganisms
such as bacteria or yeasts, or biological substances, such as enzymes, to perform specific industrial or manufacturing processes.
3. Biotechnology raises DNA privacy issues.
4.GM foods are not labeled in Pennsylvania. The only state that will be labeling GM food is Vermont.
6. Along with many other countries, Russia has just recently banned GM foods in their country.