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Luigi R us

on 16 April 2013

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Grapes of the Inca Civilization By Angelo Cervantes Geography The Inca lived in the Andes mountains which happen to be the longest mountain range in the world. Even though the Inca empire was huge it can easily be classified into three different regions - Jungle, Mountains, and the Desert. The Inca used all of these biomes. However the Inca never did live in the jungle.Instead of living in the jungle they went there to gather valuable and rare trading items like fruits and rocks as well as well as common resources such as wood and clay. The way the Inca probably moved into the desert was if they followed rivers and streams from the mountains and made settlements along the way. Religion Only the noble families could study to become a religious official. The Inca had two main Gods that they worshiped. These being Inti the sun God and Viracocha the "creator". As the Inca conquered more territory they taught their religion to the conquered peoples. They also allowed them to continue worshiping their own gods which ended up with the Inca worshiping tons of gods. Each new ruler of the Inca married his sister so that their descendants are pure blooded from the family. Unlike the Aztec and Maya, the Inca rarely sacrificed anything at all. IF they did sacrifice anything, it usually wasn't any thing that was alive like - llama statues and aqha (a type of alcohol made from maize). Only the noble families could study to become a religious official. Achievements The Inca invented their own version of a calendar mostly for religious purposes. each month hosted a different religious ceremony to be held. there were 3 weeks in a month and each week had 10 days. To tell time the Inca set towers called "time towers" that relied on the position of the sun to tell them what time it was. The Inca made amazing textiles which were made of cotton and wool with patterns that were usually worn as clothing in the upper classes. Almost every road in the Inca empire was paved with stone. The Inca also made stone walls that fit together so well that nothing was used to hold them together at all. The Inca were the first ancient civilization i know of that didn't have slaves. Politics Whenever the Inca conquered a town or something they didn't kill the leaders. Instead they usually let them rule just as long as they ruled under the Inca and payed tribute and what not. Pachacuti led the Incas in the 1400's to expand their territory through agreements or conquest. They had a strong central government. After the Inca conquered a new area they removed the old leader and brought in their own leaders, let the old leader rule or have the old rulers children rule. Conquered leader's children were sent to the capitol to learn the Inca way of life, government, and religion. Then they were returned to their original village to rule and teach about the Inca ways. The Incas also unified their empire with an official language, Quechua. Incas did not pay a monetary tax, they payed a labor tax called "mita". Everyone had to produce food and goods that go to the government. Nobles and other higher class people were the only ones who worked for the government. Economics The Inca government controlled not only the the empire it also controlled the economy. The Incas didn't have a currency so people had to pay in labor and the Inca called this the "mita" system. Most Incas were farmers and grew corn and peanuts in valleys were the climate was warm. up in the mountains people grew potatoes and raised lamas for meat and wool. Other Inca made clothing paved roads or worked on government land to pay their labor taxes. In the Inca empire there were no markets. Instead the government distributed goods collected through the mita system. Any other leftover food after distribution is stored at the capitol for emergencies. Even with this extremely organized way of life it did not keep the Inca standing against the spanish. Social Structure As in basically all ancient civilizations the king or emperor is the most powerful and has complete control over the empire. Priests are important because they keep track of what day it is, month it is etc. They are also responsible for hosting religious ceremonies. Warriors protected the king and the empire they were probably the most respected other than the king.Nobles were the ones who served the king and/or worked on the kings land. Runners were the ones that took messages all around the empire as fast as they could. This was probably vital during war. Then comes everybody else. Some citizens mostly made products to pay their labor tax such as clothing or jewelry. Other wise the rest of the population were farmers who grew food to pay their taxes. In Inca society there were NO SLAVES AT ALL. The Incas usually just let the conquered people continue with life but only under the Inca and their laws
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