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Copy of Defining and Non defining relative clauses

Brief explanation about relative clauses and some exercises.

4teso tib

on 3 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Defining and Non defining relative clauses

(Review) Claudia, who lives next door, is my friend We use : WHO : For people.
Claudia is my friend. She lives nextdoor. WHICH / THAT: For animals or things.
Tom lives in an apartment building. It is near the mall. Tom lives in an apartment building which is near the mall. WHOSE: to show possession. This is Mr. Sanchez. His son is a teacher. This is Mr. Sanchez whose son is a teacher. EXERCISES: Choose the correct Relative Pronoun.
1. The man which / who lives next door is a photographer.
2. John is the boy who's / whose father is a construction worker.
3. Have they renovated the museum where / which is close to the town hall?
4. Is this the bakery where / which your dad works?
5. My teacher has just bought a new car that / who is very fast. There are two main kinds of adjective clause:
1. Non-defining clauses
Non-defining clauses give extra information about the noun, but they are not essential:

The desk in the corner, which is covered in books, is mine.
Explanation: We don't need this information in order to understand the sentence. “The desk in the corner is mine” is a good sentence on its own — we still know which desk is referred to. Note that non-defining clauses are usually separated by commas, and “that” is not usually used in this kind of context. 2. Defining clauses
Defining clauses give essential information about the noun:

The package that arrived this morning is on the desk.

Explanation: We need this information in order to understand the sentence. Without the relative clause, we don't know which package is being referred to. Note that “that” is often used in defining relative clauses, and they are not separated by commas. 1.I have three brothers.
My brother who lives in Sidney came to see me last month.
My brother, who lives in Sidney, came to see me last month.
2.I have one sister.
My sister who is 25 years old spent her holiday in France.
My sister, who is 25 years old, spent her holiday in France.
3.Bob's mum has lost her keys.
Bob's mum who is a musician has lost her car keys.
Bob's mum, who is a musician, has lost her car keys.
4.My friend Jane moved to Canada.
My friend Jane whose husband is Canadian moved to Canada last week.
My friend Jane, whose husband is Canadian, moved to Canada last week.
5.I am a shoe fanatic.
The shoes which I bought yesterday are very comfortable.
The shoes, which I bought yesterday, are very comfortable. EXERCISE Study the situations and then decide whether the following relative clauses are defining or non-defining.
defining – no commas
non-defining – commas Join the sentences using who, which, whose.
Which relative clauses are defining (D), Non defining (ND). 1. There is a man living next door. He's a pianist
the man...
2. My sister is teacher. She works at Cambridge Institute.
3. This is Mrs. Rivera. Her daughter plays the violin.
4. My brother is very shy. He doesn't go out very often.
5. They stayed at a cottage. It was near the seaside. RELATIVE CLAUSES THANKS FOLKS !
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