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Case study: Autism Spectrum Disorder

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by

Rijk Groenewoud

on 22 May 2016

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Transcript of Case study: Autism Spectrum Disorder

Case study: Autism Spectrum Disorder
Who is our learner?
14 years old
year 2
VMBO B / LWOO

Syndrome-Mix:
PDD-NOS
ADHD
Dyslexia
Problems in the classroom
lack of empathy > out of context comments
interaction with others
group work

negative concentration cycle:
dyslexia > reading > ADHD > distraction > autism > hypersensitivity for impulses
Suggestions to cater for learner's needs

Inside the classroom
Inside the classroom - suggestions
Structure & clarity
Learning aids
Earphones (no vocals)
Extra time
Checking homework
Involvement with discussing homework
Buddy system
Group work
Informing the class
Problems in the school
Breaks:
Social problems
> Speaking negatively / untruths
> Not part of any group in school


Teachers and students
Problems in the
classroom
Academically underdeveloped Reading > main ideas / side issues > continues in spoken language
Works at high pace > unnecessary errors
Homework
Test taking / demonstrating knowledge
(Balansdigitaal.nl, 2015; Cobbs, 2010; Sousa, 2009)
(Cobbs, 2010)
(Kutscher, Attwoord & Horn, 2006)
Learning disabilities
Discrepancy between expectations and actual abilities
Difficulties do not stem from emotional problems or sensory impairment
Presumed neurological dysfunction
Suggestions to cater for learner's needs

In the school
Speak to her: finding out interests
PBS (Positive Behaviour Support)




Buddy system: who?
Problems outside of the school
Invisible handicap
> herself - others
> parents - others
Underdeveloped communication skills
> Lack of empathy & over-generalisation

Homework / planning
No friends of her age (classmates)

Is this a problem?
Suggestions to cater for the learner's needs

Outside of the school
Pedagogical triangle:
Parental support
Homework institution
> Reading / planning / homework

Psychologist / social work
> Developing communication skills

(ppd-nos.nl/mijn-kind, 2015)
Pastoral care system
Teacher
Mentor
Head of Department
ZAT
> Care coordinator
> GGD
> School doctor
> School social worker
> BJZ
PO (fitting education):
Problem analysis
Goal
Action plan
Execution
Rugzakje:
1x per week: 1 on 1
Development
Cognitive development
seems to be
normal
Social development
is
impaired
due to lack of empathy and communication skills
Moral development
seems to be
impaired
as well - stage 2 of Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Reasoning

Self-awareness.
Self-regulation
Social skill
Empathy
Motivation
Development
Questions
References list


Balansdigitaal.nl, (2015). Oman met PDD-NOS in de klas.

Cobbs, N. (2010). Adolescence: continuity, change, and diversity (7th ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.

European-agency.org,. (2015). Netherlands - Special needs education within the education system | European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education.

InfoNu,. (2015). PDD-NOS, pervasieve ontwikkelingsstoornis.

Kutscher, M., Attwood, T., & Horn, M. (2006). Kinderen in de syndroommix. Amsterdam: Nieuwezijds.

Sousa, D. (2009). How the special needs brain learns. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin.

Southholland.angloinfo.com,. (2015). Special Needs Education in the Netherlands - AngloINFO South Holland, in South Holland (Netherlands).
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