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Transcript of SSWH2 D-E
Peasants and Merchants
Merchants were more wealthy than peasants, but they were low on the strict social ladder.
Merchants did not contribute to society. They were only after their own personal gain.
Peasants made food; something society needed.
Chinese Patriarchy Family
Male dominance in Chinese society and culture.
Confucian conceptions of "respect for the elders" has been focused on preserving the traditional role of the father as the primary leader and decision maker of the family.
In the hierarchy of traditional Chinese cultural family life, the father and sons take prominence over the mother and daughters.
Mandate of Heaven
Royal authority came from heaven
Only wise and just rulers kept the Mandate and their throne
Foolish rulers lost the Mandate and their throne through natural disaster, upheaval, revolts, and invasions.
Confucius wanted to restore pace and harmony to China
Developed 5 codes of relationships between people, and people and the government.
Believed that education was important in helping people grow and run the government.
Confucianism is not a religion but a lifestyle
Strict social order and discipline was the key to a sucessful society.
Explain the impact of Confucianism on Chinese culture; include the examination system, the Mandate of Heaven, the status of peasants, the status of merchants, and the patriarchal family, and explain diffusion to Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea
5 Codes of Confucianism
The five basic relationships in Confucianism are:
ruler and subject
father and son
husband and wife
elder and younger brother
friend and friend
originally most government jobs were through appointment
The examination system required citizens to pass a test to earn a position
In theory it opened up jobs to the masses
Followers in China spread the lifestyle.
Lit and Art
Built Confucian Schools in Korea and Japan to expand the knowledge.
Movement of Confucianism
Mountains in the North prevented much trade by land.
Southern India is surrounded by water, making the transfer of goods much easier.
Explain how the geography of the Indian Subcontinent contributed to the movement of people and ideas.