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Figurative Language & Imagery: Rhetorical Analysis

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Tucker Snider

on 26 May 2011

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Transcript of Figurative Language & Imagery: Rhetorical Analysis

Figurative Language and Imagery Imagery: "mental pictures" that readers experience with a passage of literature. It represents all the senses referred to, whether by literal description, allusion, simile, or metaphor. Imagery is not limited to visual, it includes all five senses. (Sight, smell, sound, touch, taste) Figurative Language: A diversion from what speakers usually use as the ordinary or standard use of words in order to achieve some special meaning or effect. The two most common figurative devices are similes and metaphors. These are both examples of tropes. Any figure of speech that results in a change of meaning is called a trope. Any figure of speech that creates its effect in patterns of words or letters in a sentence is called a scheme. Simile Simile: a form of comparison in which one thing is compared to another unlike thing by using specific words of comparison like "like" or "as". Metaphor Metaphor: A form of comparison that directly compares two unlike things. A metaphor does not use comparison words such as "like" or "as" Personification Personification: One of the most familiar kinds of comparison personification speaks of something that is not human as if it had human abilities and human reactions. Hyperbole Hyperbole: A great exaggeration used to emphasize a point, and is used for expressive or comic effect. A hyperbole is not literal. Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia: Is produced by a single word that sounds like the thing it refers to Alliteration Alliteration: The repetition of a single letter in the alphabet or a combination of letters in a sentence or passage. It's just about the easiest form of repetition a writer can use. Idiom Idiom: A group of words whose meaning is different from the ordinary meaning of the word. The context can help you understand what an idiom means. Figurative
Examples Example 1. Simile: “At the mention of Ezinma’s name Ekwefi jerked her head sharply like an animal that had sniffed death in the air.”(85) Example 2. Metaphor: “When the rain finally came it was large, solid drops of frozen water which the people called ‘the nuts of the water of heaven." (130) Example 3. Personification: : “For two or three moons the sun had been gathering strength till it seemed to breathe a breath of fire on the earth” (108). Example 4. Hyperbole: “I can tell you,” said Obierika. ‘Kill one of your sons for me.’ ‘That will not be enough,’ said Okonkwo. ‘Then kill yourself,’ said Obierka.”(118) Imagery
Examples Example 1. Simile:“The words of the hymn were like the drops of frozen rain melting on the dry palate of the panting earth.”(122-123) Example 2. Metaphor: “It was an angry, metallic and thirsty clap, unlike the deep liquid rumbling of the rainy season.” (108) Example 3. Hyperbole: “ The story was always told of a wealthy who set before his guests a mound of foo-foo so high that those who sat on one side could not see what was happening on the other,” ( 32). Example 4. Personification: : “ When the moon rose late in the night, people said it was refusing food, as a sullen husband refuses his wife’s food when they have quarreled”( 90). Figurative language and imagery help in forming authors purpose. Similes, metaphors, personifications, hyperboles, and so on all help to create the authors words and therefore the authors purpose into a solid idea or image in the readers head. Figurative language and imagery are meant to make the story become alive and more real to the reader by using things they know. Figurative language and imagery initially just support the authors purpose, they lead to the purpose and in the end make it more clear and easier to understand in different ways for the reader. In “Things Fall Apart” the figurative language and imagery throughout the story help to point toward the important factors in the story like fear, the caste system, family, and treatment of women. Which in turn leads the reader to the authors purpose to show the true inner workings of the society. Example 5 Idiom: "As the elders said, if a child washes his hands he could eat with kings.” (6) Example 6: Onomatopoeia “Gome, gome, gome, gome went the gong, and a powerful flute blew a high-pitched blast” (88) Viewer Discretion Is Advised Figures of speech are used in everyday life without you even realizing it. For example the coast is clear, in a nutshell, she eats like a bird, time creeps up on you, I have told you a million times!, and Walter walked wearily. These are all different types of figurative language, which an author or speaker uses to get a point or idea across to their audience. Figurative language and imagery is generally used as a tool in everyday conversations and in life changing novels to help the audience comprehend ideas. It supports your claim and is ultimately the foundation behind the speakers opinion. http://www.qualitylogoproducts.com/blog/engage-the-5-senses-with-promotional-products/ http://www.superstock.com/stock-photos-images/1538R-47880 Carrie's cat clawed her couch, creating chaos. Im so hungry I could eat a horse! John didn't go to school because he felt under the weather The snake "rattled" its tail and "slithered" through the grass. She is so skinny! Her legs are toothpicks! He has no manners and eats like a pig! She did not realize that opportunity was knocking at her door. She is so skinny! Her legs are toothpicks! www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPiVfdwAsUg
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