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Introduction to cutting
Transcript of Introduction to cutting
Recognise face shapes and
Suggest questions to ask during consultation
REVIEW LEARNING BY:
Writing your own step by step guide on how
to achieve a one length cut?
One length cuts
Identify cutting tools required
Outline shapes and cutting angles
Method of a one length cut
The face shape is usually short and broad with full cheeks and round contours.
The width at the top of the head should be provided with height from the hair, which should be worn close to the sides.
This face shape is similar to the heart-shaped face, but not as soft.
The aim of the hairstyle is to reduce the width of the jawline by emphasising the forehead.
The hair should be worn close to the cheekbones with fullness in the jawline area.
The forehead is narrow and the face gradually widens to the angle of the jaw, which is broad and prominent.
The hairstyle should create the impression of width across the forehead and make the jawline seem narrower.
The hair should be swept slightly off the forehead to create the illusion of width.
The forehead in this bone structure is narrow with the cheekbones extremely wide tapering to a narrow chin.
The hairstyle should aim to minimise the width across the cheekbones.
A central fringe should be worn with hair full below the cheeks but flat at the cheekbone line.
This shape usually has a wide forehead with the face tapering to a long jawline, rather like an inverted triangle.
The aim of the hairstyle is to reduce the width across the forehead, emphasising the jawline.
The forehead is broad, corresponding with an angular jawline.
This face shape should have a little height without width.
The hair should taper well towards the jawline.
This face shape is narrow.
Width is needed to shorten the face length.
A fringe would be suitable with short hair.
Asymmetric (unbalanced) styles also suit this face shape.
This face shape and bone structure is considered to be the ideal face shape.
The face tapers from a slightly wider forehead.
Ideal for any hairstyle.
Consider the clients face shape prior to cutting
Will the style suit her?
What do you think the perfect face shape is?
How will these effect a haircut?
Research and feedback
Before cutting the clients hair a thorough consultation must be carried out
There are a number of important factors to consider before the service can take place
Take a few minutes to think what these may be?
Make sure your work area is clean and tidy
All your tools and equipment should be clean, sterilised and laid out
Consultation sheet and style books are at hand
Protect the client by using a gown and towel or cutting collar
Protect the client using PPE and position him/her correctly
All tools must be clean and sterilised
Handle cutting tools correctly
Store cutting equipment safely when not in use
Dispose of sharps in a yellow sharps box
Hair cuttings must be swept away and disposed of in a bin
HEALTH AND SAFETY
Introduction to cutting
Tools required to apply basic cutting techniques:
HOW TO HOLD YOUR CUTTING TOOLS CORRECTLY
Nearly every haircut has a clearly defined perimeter line or base line
Within that design line the hair may be layered, graduated, one length, short , medium or long
A cutting angle is at what position the hair is held in relation to the head
A guide line is the cut section of hair that is used as a cutting guide for the next section
This line should be clearly visible from section to section both horizontal and vertical
All cutting sections should be kept small to be able to follow the original guideline
If you loose your guideline, stop, go back and find it!
This haircut is said to be “one length”
A solid form cut has only one cutting line therefore the hair only moves around the bottom
Always make sure the client is sitting straight with both feet flat on the floor to achieve a even result
SOLID FORM CUT
Demo of a short bob
Complete the task on face shapes
Other One length cuts
BY THE END OF THE SESSION YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: