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Introduction to cutting

Consultation, H+S, Cutting tools, Design lines, Cutting angles, Method of a one length cut
by

Carol Opie

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of Introduction to cutting

Hair growth patterns
Cowslick
Recognise face shapes and
hairgrowth patterns?
Suggest questions to ask during consultation
REVIEW LEARNING BY:
Writing your own step by step guide on how
to achieve a one length cut?

One length cuts
Identify cutting tools required
Outline shapes and cutting angles
Method of a one length cut
Round
The face shape is usually short and broad with full cheeks and round contours.
The width at the top of the head should be provided with height from the hair, which should be worn close to the sides.
Face shapes
Triangular-shaped
This face shape is similar to the heart-shaped face, but not as soft.
The aim of the hairstyle is to reduce the width of the jawline by emphasising the forehead.
The hair should be worn close to the cheekbones with fullness in the jawline area.
Face shapes
Pear-shaped
The forehead is narrow and the face gradually widens to the angle of the jaw, which is broad and prominent.
The hairstyle should create the impression of width across the forehead and make the jawline seem narrower.
The hair should be swept slightly off the forehead to create the illusion of width.
Face shapes
Diamond-shaped
The forehead in this bone structure is narrow with the cheekbones extremely wide tapering to a narrow chin.
The hairstyle should aim to minimise the width across the cheekbones.
A central fringe should be worn with hair full below the cheeks but flat at the cheekbone line.
Face shapes
Heart-shaped
This shape usually has a wide forehead with the face tapering to a long jawline, rather like an inverted triangle.
The aim of the hairstyle is to reduce the width across the forehead, emphasising the jawline.
Face shapes
Square
The forehead is broad, corresponding with an angular jawline.
This face shape should have a little height without width.
The hair should taper well towards the jawline.
Face shapes
Oblong
This face shape is narrow.
Width is needed to shorten the face length.
A fringe would be suitable with short hair.
Asymmetric (unbalanced) styles also suit this face shape.
Face shapes
Oval
This face shape and bone structure is considered to be the ideal face shape.
The face tapers from a slightly wider forehead.
Ideal for any hairstyle.
Face shapes
Consider the clients face shape prior to cutting
Will the style suit her?
What do you think the perfect face shape is?
nape whorl
Widows peak
How will these effect a haircut?
Research and feedback
Before cutting the clients hair a thorough consultation must be carried out
There are a number of important factors to consider before the service can take place
Take a few minutes to think what these may be?
CONSULTATION
Carol Opie
Make sure your work area is clean and tidy
All your tools and equipment should be clean, sterilised and laid out
Consultation sheet and style books are at hand
Protect the client by using a gown and towel or cutting collar
PREPARATION
Carol Opie
Protect the client using PPE and position him/her correctly
All tools must be clean and sterilised
Handle cutting tools correctly
Store cutting equipment safely when not in use
Dispose of sharps in a yellow sharps box
Hair cuttings must be swept away and disposed of in a bin
HEALTH AND SAFETY
Carol Opie
Introduction to cutting
CUTTING TOOLS
Carol Opie

Tools required to apply basic cutting techniques:
Scissors
Thinning scissors
Razor
Cutting comb
Sectioning clips.
HOW TO HOLD YOUR CUTTING TOOLS CORRECTLY
Carol Opie
Nearly every haircut has a clearly defined perimeter line or base line

Within that design line the hair may be layered, graduated, one length, short , medium or long
DESIGN LINES
Carol Opie
DESIGNLINES
Carol Opie
A cutting angle is at what position the hair is held in relation to the head
CUTTING ANGLES
A guide line is the cut section of hair that is used as a cutting guide for the next section
This line should be clearly visible from section to section both horizontal and vertical
All cutting sections should be kept small to be able to follow the original guideline
If you loose your guideline, stop, go back and find it!
GUIDELINES
Carol Opie
This haircut is said to be “one length”

A solid form cut has only one cutting line therefore the hair only moves around the bottom

Always make sure the client is sitting straight with both feet flat on the floor to achieve a even result
SOLID FORM CUT
Carol Opie
Demo of a short bob
180
90
45
0
Complete the task on face shapes
Feedback?
Other One length cuts
LEARNING OUTCOMES:
BY THE END OF THE SESSION YOU WILL BE ABLE TO:
Full transcript