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Israel and Palestine Decolonization

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Jane Hatfield

on 24 April 2015

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Transcript of Israel and Palestine Decolonization

Israel and Palestine Decolonization
Israel and Palestine
Balfour Declaration (British commitment to giving homeland for Jews in Palestine-Zionism)
Allies support idea of a nationalist Jewish state at Paris Peace conference
Palestine put under control of UN, proposal for 2 independent Jewish and Arab states discussed
civil war breaks out
May 1948:
Jews proclaim Creation of Israel
Arab-Israeli War
Balfour Declaration
Mufti of Jerusalem (important in 1937-8)
Organized attacks on Jews and British officers
Helped found the Arab Higher Committee, which demanded an end to Jewish immigration
one of the main leaders of the Zionism movement
Theodore Herzl
Six Day War
Egypt, Syria and Jordan VS
High tensions between Israel and its neighbors
Israel launches preemptive strike against Egyptian threat
Egypt gets Syria and Jordan involved
Victory for Israel
Territory gained
Gaza and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt
West Bank from Jordan
Golan Heights from Syria
Brief History

Mandate system under British went into effect in 1922 in order to stablize the region (used to be Ottoman empire)
The rest of the Arab states had an easy time gaining indepence by the end of World War II.

There were limitations to Arab nationalism under the mandate system after Great War bc of British control

vestiges of imperial rule stepped into Arab sovereignity, bc of its reserves of oil (needed for coldwar industrial complexes)

After Great War, Britian made conflicting promises to the Palestine Arabs and the Jews migrating to Palestine about securing a homeland where they could escape persecution.

1. Crash course preview
2. Read Bentley/HR
3. Debate on replaying
4. Prezi power point
5. Debate on Justification
6. Quiz
Other Important Arab-Israeli Wars:
War of 1948-1949
Creation of Jewish state inside of Arab territory angered Syrians, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon leading to fighting
Ended with an Armistice
Under the UN
1945 Jews start to rebel violently for open immigration and self rule against Arab wishes

British pull out because of tensions bt Jews and Arabs

UN delegates debate the idea of splitting Palestine in ½ and announce their proposal in 1947

Jews proclaim independent state of Israel after civil war, start more military conflicts with Arabs, and expand their territory (creates many Palestinian refugees)

The idea of combatting anti semitism by creating a national Jewish state

Pan-Arab Nationalism:
opposition to the Jews and the formation of a Jewish state
desire for a purely Arab state
mad since the Jews had been displacing Arabian farmers

Popular mass movement with a series of demonstrations against Israeli rule in the Gaza strip by Arabs

*mass movements, nationalism, anti-semitism, self-determination, and civil war.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
Has full membership in UN
Strong relationship with US.

Palestine Islamic organization
Calls for destruction of Israel
Founded in 1987
Controls Gaza Strip

Both sides are still warring. Foreign policy towards other nation is the destruction of the other.

Israeli Palestine War
1948, establishment of Israeli state. British mandate over Palestine ended

Israeli defense force vs constant Palestinian pressure

Full transcript