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U.S. Human Rights
Transcript of U.S. Human Rights
Human Rights ~was granted by King John The English Bill of Rights ~Parliament created the Bill of Rights due to violation of rights by King James II.
~was written in 1689
~main purpose was to declare the illegal practices of King James II
~was the foundation the government rested on after the Glorious Revolution
~had nothing new but just declared the existing law The English Bill of Rights The English Bill of Rights protected the people from an arbitrary government. With this, the new rulers of England generally respected the rights of the people. However there was a slight problem with the bill. It was written by Parliament. Since it was written by Parliament and not by the authority of the people, it was possible for a future Parliament to overturn the bill. Partially because of this power of Parliament, the American Revolution took place. The Magna Carta Many early kings made promises to barons but did not hold true to their word. Later many taxes were placed on the people due to numerous things (Third Crusade, ransom for Richard I, and the lost of Normandy). This led to the Articles of the Barons being written and proposed on June 15th, 1215. After some changes, the Magna Carta was accepted by the king and the barons on June 19th, 1215. The Magna Carta The Magna Carta has impacted our understanding of human rights in many different ways. The Magna Carta consisted of a preamble and sixty-three clauses. Today the UDHR also has a preamble and its clauses. Also this early document introduced the idea of a limited government and the fact that people should have uniform freedoms and rights. In addition, it created a thought that every man, even a common man, should have rights. In short, our
idea of a limited government and uniform rights for ALL people
first came from the Magna Carta. Who? When? What? (also known as the English Great Charter) ~was written in 1215 and edited in 1216, 1217, & 1225 ~charter of English liberties ~became a "symbol and a battle cry against oppression" ~was seen as protection of threatened liberties Why? King John signing
the Magna Carta The Magna Carta The Effect Who? When? What? The English Bill of Rights Why? The Effect The main reason King John signed the Magna Carta was to prevent a civil war. In immediate terms, this was said to be a failure. However the Magna Carta did have an effect on the culture it was created in and many cultures afterward. When the Magna Carta was created, people began to realize that they should all have freedoms despite who they were. Years after the Magna Carta was revised and done, people in many places started believing in their own rights. Edelman, Martin. "Bill of Rights." Governments of the World: A Global Guide to Citizens' Rights and
Responsibilities. Ed. C. Neal Tate. Vol. 1. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2006. 88-94. Gale
World History In Context. Web. 5 Dec. 2012.
"Magna Carta." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 6 Dec. 2012.
"Rights, Bill of." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 5 Dec. 2012.
"Trail of Tears." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012.
"United Kingdom." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 6 Dec. 2012.
<http://www.school.eb.com/eb/article-44789>. Works Cited What's it have to do with human rights?! The Magna Carta The Magna Carta was considered the first document that
limited the rule of the English government. This led to the idea that the government does not have full power over its people. This idea limits the government and gives more power to the people. Without the government's unlimited power, people gained freedoms and rights. All of this leads to an idea of human rights on a small starting scale. Impact on our understanding The Magna Carta Relation to the UDHR The English Bill of Rights What's it have to do with human rights?! The English Bill of Rights Impact on our understanding The English Bill of Rights Relation to the UDHR Trail of
Tears As mentioned earlier, the Magna Carta consisted of its preamble and its clauses as does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Clause 39 of the Magna Carta is also somewhat related to the ninth right of the UDHR. The clause states that no freeman should be disseised, exiled, or destroyed. The UDHR's ninth right states that there should be no unfair detainment. The thirty-ninth clause also relates to right number three. Right three says that everyone has the right to life. Saying that no one can be destroyed is pretty much saying that they have the right to life. The English Bill of Rights was the result of the 17th century struggle between Stuart Kings and the English people and Parliament. From all of the violations of rights towards people, Parliament decided to write down a bill of rights to insure rights. The Throne was passed from King James II to King William and Queen Mary of Orange
under the conditions of the Bill of Rights. This
guaranteed freedom from an arbitrary government and
rights to the people. The Bill of Rights said that Englishmen had certain inalienable civil and political rights. This is an early basic idea of human rights. However it only applied to those in England. Also it probably did not include full rights. But it did give common men inalienable rights despite their class or social standing. Also just like the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights limited the government and prevented a tyrannical-like government. This is human rights just beginning. The English Bill of Rights introduced many different aspects of rights that we still have in the US Bill of Rights and the UDHR today. The whole idea of a limited government has been in effect in all of US history. In addition, the ideas of democracy and freedom of speech that were introduced have been out into effect today. Also the Bill of Rights stated that no one could be fined or punished without a trial. This is an idea continued today. Also it declared no cruel or unusual punishment. This is yet another idea we still have today. The English Bill of Rights led to the idea of guaranteed numbered rights, which is what the UDHR is. Many rights on the UDHR are related to rights in the Bill of Rights. The idea of no fines or punishment without trial is just like the UDHR's right ten: the right to trial. Also no cruel punishment in the bill seen in right five: no torture. Another point of the Bill of Rights was that Parliament's members' elections should be free. This is like the idea of democracy stated in the UDHR in right number twenty-one. HUMAN RIGHTS ARE DEFINED AS INALIENABLE RIGHTS TO ALL PEOPLE GIVEN SIMPLY BECAUSE THEY ARE HUMAN. The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced removal of the Eastern Woodlands Indians from their homes to the west in the 1830s. The British Proclamation of 1763 gave the Indians their land and kept the Euro-Americans off of it. However people went on the land and nothing was done to them. In 1829, a gold rush in Georgia broke out. Greedy Euro-Americans wanted the Indian-occupied land, so Andrew Jackson and Congress passed the Indian Removal Act (1830). This moved the Indians from the wanted east to the empty west. Each tribe of Indians somewhat made an agreement with the US government. However the US did not really keep their word, so many Indians died on the route from the east to west, In this event, the Eastern Woodlands Indians' human rights were violated. Many Indians died from disease and lack of supplies on the journey from east to west. And although they did have the right to trial, their side of the argument was not equal to the Euro-Americans. Looking at the US Bill of Rights, there are some violations towards the Indians. In amendment four, it speaks of unreasonable searches or seizures. Well this is definitely violated since the Euro-Americans just barged into the Indians' home and forced them out. In amendment six, it states that everyone has a right to a speedy trial by an impartial jury. While the Indians did have a right to trial, it was not done by an IMPARTIAL jury. Lastly in amendment eight, it states that cruel and unusual punishments should not occur. Well forcing a group of people to move from their homes and making false promises to people seems like cruel punishment for nothing. When looking at the UDHR, there are numerous rights violated:
2. Don't discriminate.- The Euro-Americans discriminated against the Indians by forcing them off their land.
3. The right to life.- Many Indians died from harsh conditions on their journey from east to west.
7. We are equal before the law.- Cherokee tried to go to court but failed since the Euro-Americans were judging them.
17. The right to ownership.- The Indians didn't really have ownership since their own land was taken from them.
28. A fair and free world.- The Indians were not treated fairly, and they definitely were not free.
30. No one can take away your human rights.- The Euro-Americans pretty much took the Indians' rights and freedoms away by their forced relocation. In 1987, the "trail of tears" was made as a historic trail in memory of the Indians who were moved. It includes 2200 miles of routes over land and water.