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Child Labor and Globalization
Transcript of Child Labor and Globalization
Child labor can be caused by many things, but mostly it is because big companies and corporations take advantage of underdeveloped country's/nations. These underdeveloped nations work in manufacture plants and to help provide for their families or just because they are forced to, make the children work. Because these children are uneducated and don't know what to do, they often have terrible pay, working conditions, and are injured while working. It is because of big companies and corporations that child labor is such a problem and they are the number one cause.
Child Labor and Globalization
What role has globalization played?
I believe globalization has been a double-edged sword in this matter, it has both helped and caused child labor. I say this because globalization brings many organizations that come and help these underdeveloped nations by providing education, supply's, and even help form their own government. On the other hand globalization brings in big companies and corporations who just want to turn a profit, so they make the children of these regions work in terrible conditions. I think for the most part globalization has had more of a negative effect then a positive one because their are more people out their who just want to make a profit then help people.
What organizations are working towards addressing this issue?
While many people take advantage of child labor their are some who don't and have formed organizations against it such as the IPEC, ILRF, FLA, and IIECL. All of these groups/organizations are try to prevent or stop child labor in one way or another. They make laws against and laws against corporations who use it. They provide supplies and medical assistance to those kids who need it. They run campaigns and fun raises to gain support and money to prevent child labor in all regions. They even have military support against child slavery/labor so they can free children from horrific conditions.
Where is it taking place? What industry's? What are their wages? What are their hours?
Child labor take place in many regions but is mostly in Africa, South America, Mexico, India and various parts of Asia. The number one place being in Africa. Children are put to work in various industry's but the number one is mining in Africa, "in 2008 an African NGO report claimed 80,000 workers under the age of 15." A lot of child labor comes from slavery so the kids work for almost nothing, maybe pennies a day and in terrible conditions. They work from when the sun comes up to when it goes down, sometimes more. They work in the blistering sun with almost no protection, fed very little, and have little to no medical assistance.
What impact has this had on the families and communities where child labor exists?
It has had a tremendous emotional and physical impact on the families. Child labor has caused the deaths and crippling injuries of thousands of children. The communities hate that their children are worked like this but can't do anything about it because the work is sometimes their only source of income. Many children are forced to work because their parents don't have enough to provide for them. The lack of good working conditions and uneducated kids makes it even worse. Many families are stuck in a revolving circle, they have no way to get out because they don't have enough money and the only way to get money is to work themselves and their children.
Percentage of children aged 5–14 engaged in child labor at the time of the survey, by region.
Percentage of boys and girls aged 5–14 engaged in child labour at the time of the survey, by region.