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Chapter 11 In Hong Kong and Macao, 1888
Transcript of Chapter 11 In Hong Kong and Macao, 1888
Rizal was a full-grown man of 27 years of age when he was forced to leave his country for a second time in February 1888.
Rizal at 27 was an embittered victim of human iniquities, a disillusioned dreamer, a frustrated reformer.
The trip to Hong Kong
On February 3 Rizal left Manila for Hong Kong on board the Zafiro.
He was sick and sad during the crossing of the China Sea.
He did not get off his ship when it made brief stopover at Amoy on February 7 for three reasons:
He was not feeling well
It was raining hard
He heard the city was dirty
On February 18, Rizal accompanied by Basa, boarded the ferry steamer Kiu-Kiang for Macao
He was surprised to see a familiar figure among the passengers—Sainz de Varanda.
Rizal described Macao as a small, low and gloomy. There are many junks, sampans, but few steamers, it looks sad and is almost dead-like.
The two stayed in at the home of Don Juan Francisco Lecaros who was married to a Portuguese lady.
Visit to Macao
Experiences in Hong Kong
He arrived in Hong Kong on February 8
During his stay in Hong Kong, Rizal wrote a letter to Blumentritt, dated February 16, 1888, expressing his bitterness.
In Hong Kong Rizal stayed at Victoria Hotel. He was welcomed by the Filipino residents, including Jose Maria Basa, Balbino Mauricio, and Manuel Yriarte.
A Spaniard, Jose Sainz de Varanda, shadowed Rizal’s movement in Hong Kong. Varanda was a former secretary of Gov. Gen. Terrero and he was ordered by the Spanish authorities to spy on Rizal.
During his two day stay in Macao, he visited the theater, casino, cathedral and churches, pagodas and botanical gardens and the bazaars.
In the evening of February 19, he witnessed a Catholic procession wherein the devotees were dressed in blue and purple dresses and were carrying unlighted candles.
On February 20, Rizal and Basa returned to Hong Kong on board the ferry steamer Kiu-Kiang.
Rizal stayed in Hong Kong for two weeks. There he studied the Chinese way of life, language, drama and customs.
Rizal noticed some experiences and wrote them in his diar
Some of them include the noisy celebration of the Chinese New Year which lasted from February 11th to 13th.
He also observed the boisterous Chinese theater
The marathon Lauriat party, which was the longest meal in the world;
The Dominican Order was the richest religious order in Hong Kong,
And the Hong Kong cemeteries belonging to Protestants, Catholics, and Muslims.
Departure from Hong Kong
On February 22, 1888, Rizal left Hong Kong on board the Oceanic, an American steamer and his destination was Japan.
Rizal did not like the meals on board but liked the ship because it was clean and efficiently managed.
Chapter 12 Romantic Interlude in Japan
Arrival of Rizal
Rizal First arrive at Yokohama. He registered at Grand Hotel. Then he go to Tokyo and proceeded at Tokyo Hotel.
Was enchanted by the natural beauty of Japan
In the Tokyo Hotel, he was visited by Juan Perez Caballero, secretary of Spanish Legation.
Rizal being an intelligent man, realized that the Spanish diplomatic authorities were instructed to monitor his movement. He accepted the invitation because he had nothing to hide from them.
On March 7, Rizal checked out Tokyo Hotel and lived at the Spanish Legation. He and Perez became good friends.
Rizal studied the Japanese language. Being a linguist, he was able to speak it within a few days.
Rizal also had encountered the Tokyo Musicians one cool afternoon. To his surprised the Musicians are Filipinos.
Fling with a Japanese girl
One spring afternoon while Rizal is at the Spanish Legation, he saw a pretty Japanese girl walking past the Legation gate. a Japanese gardener told Rizal that she was Seiko Usui. The following afternoon, Rizal and the gardener waited for Usui, then when she came, Rizal politely introduced himself. Seiko San was mildly amused at the gallant gentleman from the Philippines who spoke in halting Japanese. She replied in English. The two then conversed-the language barrier was eliminated.
Together, they visit some of the most famous places in the city(tour guide)
He fell deeply in love with O-Sei-San, (Seiko Usui) But, Rizal decided to leave Japan.He sacrificed his own happiness to carry on his work for the redemption of his oppressed people, The Filipinos
(About 1897, a year after Rizal's execution, O-sei-san married Mr. Alfred Charlton, British teacher of chemistry of the Peer's School in Tokyo. They are blessed with one child, a daughter named Yuriko.)
While Rizal was on board leaving Japan on his way to US, he met a passenger named Tetcho Suehiro,
(a fighting Japanese journalist, novelist and champion of human rights, who was forced by the Japanese government to leave the country, just like Rizal leaving Philippines by the Spanish authorities.)
After the publication of his travel diary, Tetcho resigned his position as editor of Tokyo newspaper, Choya and entered politics. He was elected as member of the lower house of the First Imperial Diet (Japanese Parliament).
He published a political novel titled Nankai-no-Daiharan (Storm Over the South Sea) which resembles Rizal's Noli . and O-Unabara (The Big Ocean) which was similar to Rizal's El Fili.
Tetcho died at heart attack in Tokyo on Feb, 1896 (10months before Rizal's Execution)