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Compulsory Education

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Lynda Weller

on 6 January 2013

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Transcript of Compulsory Education

Compulsory Education in Pennsylvania By Lynda Weller School Age
vs.
Compulsory Age School Age:
The entitlement to an education is established
by the General Assembly and reinforced by
the regulations of the PA State Board of Education (in the PA School Code)
- "All students in PA between the ages of
six (6) and twenty-one (21) years who are
residents of any school district are of
'school age' and entitled to a public
education..." Compulsory Age:
Defined in the PA School Code --
"...the period of a child's life from
the time the child's parents elect
to have the child enter school,
which shall not be later than the
age of eight (8) years, until the age
of seventeen (17) years." Parents' Rights to Control Education of Children Combs v. Homer-Center School District (2008) Age Range States with this Requirement
5 - 16 DE, MD, SC
5 - 17 AR
5 - 18 DC, NM, OK, VA
6 - 16 AZ, FL, GA, IA, KY, MA, MI, NH,
NJ, NY, RI, SD, VT, WV, WY
6 - 17 MS, TN
6 - 18 CA, HI, OH, TX, UT, WI
7 - 16 AL, AK, CO, ID, IL, IN, MN, MO, MT,
NE, NC, ND
7 - 17 LA, ME, NV
7 - 18 CT, KS, OR
8 - 17 PA, WA Have you ever told your kids,
"You have to go to school,
it's the law!"?
-- Well, here's why... The PA School Code distinguishes between when children MAY attend school and
when they MUST attend school. A district is entitled to set the earliest admission age for its
schools and must continue to offer public schooling to a
child who has not graduated until the "child" is 21. Who is responsible for getting the kids to school? The PA School Code calls for the prosecution of "every parent, guardian, or person in parental relation, having
control or charge of any child or children of compulsory age, who shall fail to comply with the provisions of this
act regarding compulsory attendance."

When an adult responsible for a child does not manage to get the child to school regularly, he/she may be
prosecuted for truancy and can be sentenced to pay a fine of up to $300.

Parents and responsible adults may also be sentenced to complete community service or to attend a
parenting education program. TIME FOR A QUIZ!
Let's see what you know
about truancy... What Are the Compulsory Education
Requirements in the United States? The BEC -- Compulsory Attendance &
Truancy Elimination Plan Date of Issue: August 8, 2006 Developement of this BEC was driven by recommendations made by the Statewide Task
Force on School Attendance and Truancy Reduction to facilitate a consistent statewide
response to truancy and absenteeism. Exceptions to the compulsory education regulations:
Attendance at a private school
Attendance at a school operated by a bona fide church
or other religious body
Privately tutored or home schooled students
Children who are 16 and are regularly engaged in lawful
employment during the school session
Children who have been examined by an approved professional
and identified unable to profit from further public school
attendance
Children who are 15 who hold a permit approved by the school
district to engage in farm work or domestic service in a private
home
Children who are 14 and satisfactorily completed the equivalent
of the highest grade of elementary school in their district who
hold a permit approved by the Secretary of Education to engage
in farm work or domestic service in a private home What counts as an excuse? illness, family emergency, death of a family member, medical or dental appointments,
authorized school activities, and educational travel with prior approval Cumulative Lawful Absences maximum of 10 days per year by parental notification
after the 10 days, a physician's excuse is required A notice should be sent to the parent/guardian
after each unlawful absence.

After the third unlawful absence, school districts
shall coordinate a school/family conference to
discuss the cause of the child's truancy and
develop a mutually agreed upon Truancy
Elimination Plan (TEP) to resolve truant behavior. PDE's Recommended Truancy Policy: The Third Circuit Court of Appeals, in a per curiam decision, held that a condition of PA's compulsory attendance education law
compelling parents of home schooled students to submit to certain reporting and review requirements does not violate
the parents' rights under the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Important Court Cases Why so many differences among the states? you can thank the U.S. Constitution
-- education is a RESERVED power Another Brick in the Wall -- Part 2

We don't need no education
We dont need no thought control
No dark sarcasm in the classroom
Teachers leave them kids alone
Hey! Teachers! Leave them kids alone!
All in all it's just another brick in the wall.
All in all you're just another brick in the wall. Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) Education of Amish Children Secondary schooling, by exposing Amish children to worldly influences contrary to their
sincere relitious beliefs and by substantially interferring with the development of the Amish
shild and his/her integration into the Amish community at a crucial adolescent stage,
contravened the basic religious tenets of the Amish.

Since forgoing one or two years of compulsory education would not impair the physical
or mental health of children, nor result in the inability to be self-destructive, or to
discharge duties and responsibilities of citizenship or in any other way detract from the
welfare of society, the state's interest in its compulsory attendance system was not so
compelling that Amish practices had to give way. AYP Facts How does your district code an educational trip? Pennsylvania Truancy Toolkit Toolkit for School Attendance & Truancy Reduction Resources and information for educators, policymakers, and parents to help students succeed and grow
into inspired, productive, fulfilled lifelong learners.

www.patruancytoolkit.info/index.cfm When does a student become truant? When he/she attains a fourth unlawful absence Compulsory Attendance was first established in Massachusetts in 1852 Is it ever okay for a student to not attend school?
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