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World Civ Presentation

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Ricardo Ventura

on 30 November 2011

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Transcript of World Civ Presentation

Accelerating Global Interaction Global Interaction and the
Transformation of the World Economy After WWII countries that were capitalist came out on top.
World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
Bretton Wood System-negotiated the rules for commercial and financial dealing.
Technological advances ie. Internet, fiber optic cables
Population growth
Neo-Liberalism-what people saw the world as.
"Capitalism was Global"-Jeffrey Frieden Reglobalization Significant process of goods, capital and people were circulating after
World Trade Rose
Department stores and supermarkets had their shelves stocked with goods from all over the world.
Foriegn Direct Investment
Short-Term movement of Capital
Personal Funds of Individuals-ex. MasterCard
Transnational Corporation (TNC) Globalization of Liberation The 1960's saw a slew of protest movements around the world.
In the U.S, there was civil rights demands for minorities, and protests against the war in Vietnam.
Overseas, movements in France, Germany and Italy also took place.
Communist world also experienced great change.
New third world ideology. By the end of 1920's, feminist movements in the West lost momentum.
Revival in 1960's, with new agenda.
Second wave feminists put an emphasis on employment and education.
A more radical expression of American feminism, known as “women's liberation” took aim at patriarchy as a system of domination.
Many women preferred direct action.
African American women viewed the family as a secure base to resist racism. Feminism in the West Feminism in the Global South Women outside the Western world faced much more different situations than the white women of the west.
Women's movements in the Global South focused on a wide range of issues, not all gender related.
Over 27,000 small associations were formed, most variations of self-help groups.
Movements in Morocco, Chile and South Korea, women's mobilization were met with varying degrees of success. International Feminism Feminism became a global issue when the U.N declared 1975 as International Women's Year.
By 2006, 183 nations agreed on a UN Convention to Eliminate Discrimination against Women.
Sharp divisions within global feminism were soon revealed. Political and cultural issues were usually behind these divisions.
There are still many dissenters of feminism. Religion and Global Modernity Religion was headed for extinction because of the arrival of modernization and globalization.
Spread of Science, reality shifted to the belief that it must be possible to measure with techniques of science.
Religion still plays a powerful role
Religious pluralism characterized the world's societies. Fundamentalism Fundamentalism was a religious response against modernity.
Sought alternative modernity, infused with religious values.
Educational and propaganda efforts, political mobilization, social welfare programs and “terrorism” were used by fundamentalists.
Fundamentalists sought to return to a “godly path”.
Two major fundamentalist movements: one in the U.S and one in independent India. World Of Islam Islam was the most prominent of the fundamentalists.
Effort to return to Islamic principles, labeled “jihad”, in order to please God.
Method to “resist” Western influence. Extremists Islamic renewal used violent means.
Egyptian Islamic Jihad assassinated President Sadat in 1981.
Islamic revolutionaries took aim at hostile foreign powers.
Hamas in Palestine and Hezbollah in Lebanon targeted Israel with uprisings, suicide bombings and rocket attacks. Al-Qaeda and Bin Laden Osama Bin Laden was a wealthy Saudi Arab, who created al-Qaeda, to funnel fighters and funds to Afghan resistance.
Became disillusioned and radicalized
Planned WTC attack, and issued a religious edict, declaring war on America.
The claimed enemy was irreligious Western-style modernity, U.S. Imperialism, and American led economic globalization. Fundamentalism not the only response to modernity and globalization. Many act peacefully and within political structures. Debates have arisen with regards to roles and rights and other issues.
Some have called for dialogue between civilizations.
Many other religions have also found various ways to face global modernity.
There is growing interest in communication and exchange among the world's religions.
World Peace Summit in 2000, allowed more than 1000 religions and leaders to meet and explore how to effectively confront the world's many conflicts. Religious Alternatives to Fundamentalism Global Environment Three factors that greatly magnified the human impact on earth's ecological systems:
Explosion in population
Ability to tap the energy potential of fossil fuels. Many new methods were added to the energy resources available to us.
Phenomenal economic growth.
Three factors that are the foundation for the immense environmental change in the 20th century Environmental Changes Doubling of cropland and contraction of forests.
Species of plants and animals are endangered, some even facing extinction.
Rise in air pollution in many major cities.
Global warming. Environmentalism Second half of the 20th century let environmentalism achieve a worldwide dimension.
Second wave environmentalism began with the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring in 1962.
This launched the environmental movement in the U.S. By the early 1900's 14 million Americans, 1 in 7 adults joined organizations.
Western activists focused on wilderness issues.
In 1970's and 1980's, developing countries also started to get into environmentalism. There have been instances of guerrilla warfare action by “green armies”.
Motivated legislation against pollution, pushed businesses in “Green” direction, and promotes finding new renewable sources of energy.
Still many sharp conflicts between North and South. However beyond this, this came to symbolize “One World” thinking, focusing on a common plight of humankind.
Marked a challenge to modernity and “endless growth”. By: Ricardo Ventura & Enda Wang Discussion Questions What are some strengths and weaknesses of Globalization since 1945?
What are your take on environmental movement? Globalization and an American Empire "American Empire" face of Globalization
"Informal Empire"
1990's U.S. became military dominance
Recovery of European and Japan industries reduced U.S. overall world production.
"Culture Imperialism"-during the Cold War
Vietnam War's effects on the Homefront. Strayer, Robert W. Ways of the World. New York, NY: Bedford/St.Martin, 2009. Print.
Google for Pictures Works Cited
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