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Carrie Leonard

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Drones

Drones: Possible Ethical Dilemmas
What are drones and what are their uses?
What is a Drone?
A drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle, or UAV, that is either controlled by pilots from the ground or follows preprogrammed missions.
Things to look forward to
The ability to easily and efficiently:
- monitor agriculture,
- aid in disaster recovery/search and rescue
- survey wildlife
- manage epidemics and outbreaks
- photograph terrain
- explore underwater
- Future human rights and privacy concerns
- Pilot-operated vs. autonomously operated drones
- Lower human-costs in the military, inadvertent increases in civilians costs
- Lack of accountability
- Safety concerns
What ethical problems do drones create?
What can be done to resolve these ethical problems?
Drones can be used for a variety of tasks. They are commonly used in the military but are also used by civilians and the government.
1. Cole, Chris, and Jim Wright. "What Are Drones?" Drone Wars UK. N.p., 01 June 2010. Web. 31 May 2015.
2. Fearn, Nicholas. "17 Ways That Drones Are Changing the World." TNW Network All Stories RSS. N.p., 05 Aug. 2014. Web. 31 May 2015.
3. Carey, John. "Drones at Home.(World Changing Ideas)(Conservation Drone)(Cover Story)." Scientific American 307.6 (2012): 44. Web.
4. Terdiman, Daniel. "The History of the Predator, the Drone That Changed the World (Q&A) - CNET." CNET. N.p., 20 Sept. 2014. Web. 31 May 2015.
Civilian Casualties
Human Rights/Law violations
Privacy Concerns
- The use of drones can sometimes violate the 4th Amendment rights:

"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated,...." (http://constitution.findlaw.com/amendment4.html#sthash.y1lCxbe9.dpuf)

- Lack of laws in place to protect the privacy of civilians
Military Use
Other issues
Other Solutions
Military Use
- Laws that will outline the expectations and consequences of the actions of drone pilots and the drones themselves

- Updated privacy rules

- A balance between the regulations for protection and future technological advancement of the technology
Increased training and certification for drone pilots

Transparency in reporting/legal requirements

Laws that regard accountability

Privacy laws to protect both civilians and the military
Drones in the military can be used for surveillance and air to ground precision missile attacks. Advantages of military drones include the ability to fly for up to 17 hours at a time, in addition to the ability to deploy surveillance capabilities in high risk areas
Current civilian use of drones is limited. Filming is one of the biggest uses for drones, with surveillance also being common. Civilian use of drones for surveillance consists of monitoring wildfires and wildlife, as well as crops and oil rigs.
There are several ethical problems associated with drones and their use by civilians and by the military.
- Several incidents where civilian casualties occured

- Drones in use by the military 'undermine' human rights and laws, in particular the 4th Amendment

- Military use poses the question of whether civilians are safer by the use of drones

- Lack of federal regulations by the FAA to govern the use of drones
- Possibilities of drones replacing people in the workplace

- Question of safety regarding drones of other countries and recognizing threats

- High cost associated with the construction and development of drones

- An increase in the required (if any) education and certification of drone pilots

- Real life situations in training to adequately prepare drone pilots

- Protocol in place in case of emergencies or malfunctions
- Clear reporting requirements for both civilian and military drones

- Proper keeping of records that pertain to death, property damage, and injury caused by the operation of drones
Full transcript