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Careers

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by

Robert Knisley

on 29 January 2016

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Transcript of Careers

Accounting
Professional
Links

Organizations
Careers
Certifications
AICPA
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Makes rules and sets standards for CPAs
Administers CPA exam
Student Membership
IMA
Institute of Management Accountants
Provides relevant, current information and learning opportunities to management accountants
Administers the CMA exam and awards the CMA certification
Student Membership
IIA
Institute of Internal Auditors
Leader and authority of the internal auditing profession
Awards multiple certifications such as the CIA, CGAP, and the CFSA
Student Membership
CGMA
Chartered Global Management Accountant
Joint venture of AICPA and CIMA
Awards the CGMA certification
ACFE
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners
World's largest anti-fraud organization
Awards the CFE certification
Student Membership
Management
Accountant
Provide financial information to decision-makers in companies
Create budgets and perform cost-analysis
Generally must have a bachelor's degree; CMA or CPA is helpful
Salary range in mid-size company: $44,750 - $100,000
Internal Auditor
Provide advice, manage and mitigate risk
Ensure internal controls function properly
Generally bachelor's degree required; CIA useful designation
Salary range in mid-sized company: $49,500 - $121,250
Tax Accountant
Provide tax advice and calculate taxes for individuals and/or corporations
Typically specialize in a particular area
Bachelor's degree usually required and often CPA designation required as well, though not always
Salary range for mid-sized firms: $49,250 - $167,500
Government
Accountant
Ensure correct accounting policies in government entities
Analyze budgets
Ensure payment of taxes (IRS)
Generally have a bachelor's degree and often a CPA; CGAP, CGFM, or GVA certifications are helpful
Salaries range from $58,100 - $93,430
External Auditor
Audit public and sometimes private companies
Provide reasonable assurance that financial statements do not contain material misstatements
Must have a bachelor's degree and be a CPA
Salary range for mid-size firms: $49,500 - $164,750
Forensic Accountant
Investigate criminal activity such as money laundering, fraud, and embezzlement
Present information in a courtroom
Must have bachelor's degree; CPE, CPA, or CFF useful
Salaries range from $71,500 - $116,750
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission
Ensures that relevant financial information is available concerning public companies
Enforces regulations and prosecutes breaches of regulation
FASB
Financial Accounting Standards Board
Recognized authority on financial accounting standards
Maintains the Accounting Standards Codification
Hears concerns about financial standards and will change them as necessary
GAAP
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Nearly universal accounting standards set by the FASB and GASB
Establishes protocol for recognition of items on financial statements, how they are measured, displayed, and disclosed
SOX
Sarbanes-Oxley Act
Revamped corporate reporting standards
Requires greater corporate responsibility
Enforceable for any publicly traded company
Requires both internal and external auditors for any public company
PCAOB
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board
Created through SOX
Regulates auditing of Public Companies
Registers public accounting firms
Investigates registered firms if situations require
COSO
Committee of Sponsoring Organizations
Collaboration of five accounting organizations: AAA, AICPA, FEI, IIA, IMA
Guides business world on enterprise risk management, fraud deterrence, and internal controls
IFAC
International Federation of Accountants
Global network of accounting professionals
Create and maintain international accounting and auditing guidelines
Foster growth and cooperation of accounting organizations throughout the world
ICPAS
Illinois CPA Society
Network for CPAs and business professionals in Illinois
Provides information and education to those in finance and accounting fields
ILBOE
Illinois Board of Examiners
Administers the CPA exam in Illinois and grants certification to those who pass
Administers AICPA ethics exam as well
IDFPR
Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation
Regulates banks and other financial institutions, as well as certified individuals such as CPAs in Illinois
Registers CPAs in Illinois
CPA
Certified Public Accountant
Most widely recognized accounting certification
Education, Experience, Examination, and (possibly) ethics requirements
Four sections of exam: Regulation, Financial Accounting and Reporting, Auditing, and Business Environment and Concepts
Many review course options
CMA
Certified Management Accountant
Experience, Education, and Examination Requirements
Two-part exam: Financial Reporting, Planning, Performance, and Control (Part 1), Decision Making (Part 2)
Multiple Review Course Options
CIA
Certified Internal Auditor
Education, Examination, Experience, and Character References required
Three section exam: Internal Audit Basics, Internal Audit Practice, and Internal Audit Knowledge Elements
Multiple Review Course Options
CGMA
Chartered Global Management Accountant
You must either be a CPA or CIMA
Experience and Examination requirements
Case Study Examination
Multiple study materials available
CFE
Certified Fraud Examiner
Experience, Education, and Examination requirements
Four part exam: Fraud Deterrence and Prevention, Financial Transactions, and Fraud Schemes, Investigation, and Law
Main study courses offered through ACFE
QuickBooks
Certified User
Only requirement is passing the exam
Exam covers such topics as QuickBooks setup, list management, items, sales, purchases, payroll, and customization
Review course offered through QuickBooks
MOS
Microsoft Office Specialist
Only requirement is passing the examination
Specialist exams offered for each component of the Office Suite
Certifications associated with particular edition of Office
CFF
Certified in Financial Forensics
Must be a CPA
Additional education, experience, and examination requirements
Three-part exam: professional responsibilities and practice management, fundamental forensic knowledge, and specialized forensic knowledge
AICPA offers live review course and self-study materials
Careers Sources
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). Accountants and Auditors. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/business-and-financial/accountants-and-auditors.htm#tab-2
AccountingEdu.org (2015). Management Accounting. Retrieved from http://www.accountingedu.org/management.html
Robert Half (2015.) 2016 Salary Guide. Retrieved from http://www.roberthalf.com/sites/default/files/Media_Root/images/at-pdfs/robert_half_2016_salary_guide.pdf
IIA. (2015). All in a Day’s Work. Retrieved from https://na.theiia.org/about-ia/PublicDocuments/06262_All_In_A_Days_Work-Rev.pdf
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). Accountants and Auditors. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/business-and-financial/accountants-and-auditors.htm#tab-4
Robert Half (2015.) 2016 Salary Guide. Retrieved from http://www.roberthalf.com/sites/default/files/Media_Root/images/at-pdfs/robert_half_2016_salary_guide.pdf
Wiley, Carol. (2013). Tax Accounting. Retrieved from http://www.accountingedu.org/tax-accounting.html
Robert Half (2015.) 2016 Salary Guide. Retrieved from http://www.roberthalf.com/sites/default/files/Media_Root/images/at-pdfs/robert_half_2016_salary_guide.pdf
Wiley, Carol. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.accountingedu.org/government.html
AccountingEdu.org. (2015). Public Accountant Job Description. Retrieved from http://www.accountingedu.org/public.html
Robert Half (2015.) 2016 Salary Guide. Retrieved from http://www.roberthalf.com/sites/default/files/Media_Root/images/at-pdfs/robert_half_2016_salary_guide.pdf
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). What Accountants and Auditors Do. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/business-and-financial/accountants-and-auditors.htm#tab-2
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (2015). Forensic Accountant. Retrieved from http://www.acfe.com/career-path-forensic-accountant.aspx
Davis, C., Farrell, R., Ogilby, S. (2009). Characteristics and Skills of the Forensic Accountant. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/InterestAreas/ForensicAndValuation/Resources/PractAidsGuidance/DownloadableDocuments/ForensicAccountingResearchWhitePaper.pdf
Robert Half (2015.) 2016 Salary Guide. Retrieved from http://www.roberthalf.com/sites/default/files/Media_Root/images/at-pdfs/robert_half_2016_salary_guide.pdf
Certifications Sources
AICPA. (2015). American Institute of CPAs. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/Pages/default.aspx
Crush the CPA Exam. (2015) Crush the CPA Exam. Retrieved from http://crushthecpaexam.com/cpa-license-requirements/
AICPA. (2015). This way to CPA. Retrieved from https://www.thiswaytocpa.com/
CMA. (2015). Become a CMA. Retrieved from http://www.imanet.org/cma-certification/become-a-cma/exam-procedures-and-registration
CMA. (2015). Continuing Professional Education. Retrieved from http://www.imanet.org/cma-certification/cma-resource-center/continuing-education-for-cma
IIA. (2015). Increase Your Chances of Passing the CIA Exam Webinar Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). Retrieved from http://www.learncia.com/3partcia/webinars/CIALSFAQ011072012.pdf
IIA. (2014). Certification Candidate Handbook. Retrieved from https://na.theiia.org/certification/Public%20Documents/Certification%20Candidate%20Handbook.PDF?webSyncID=33f38b84-b2ed-4390-8c6c-79a4e6a65c44&sessionGUID=6ade30bc-dbed-4542-baf2-51eae6d361a4
IIA. (2015). Certified Internal Auditor (CIA). Retrieved from https://na.theiia.org/certification/CIA-Certification/Pages/CIA-Certification.aspx
IIA. (2015). Continuing Professional Education (CPE) Requirements for Certified Internal Auditors (CIAs). Retrieved from https://na.theiia.org/certification/cia-certification/Pages/CPE-Requirements.aspx
CGMA. (2015). Become a CGMA. Retrieved from http://www.cgma.org/becomeaCGMA/CGMAexam/Pages/default.aspx#
CGMA. (2014). CGMA Competency Framework. Retrieved from http://www.cgma.org/Resources/Tools/DownloadableDocuments/competency-framework-complete.pdf
ACFE. (2015). How to Become a CFE. Retrieved from http://www.acfe.com/become-cfe-qualifications.aspx
Intuit. (2015). Become an Intuit QuickBooks Certified User. Retrieved from https://quickbookstraining.com/quickbooks-certification/certification.html?gclid=CIaRwtaQxcgCFZKMaQod5O8P3Q
Microsoft. (2015). Microsoft Office Specialist Certification. Retrieved from https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/learning/mos-certification.aspx
Microsoft. (2015). Exam Policies and FAQ. Retrieved from https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/learning/certification-exam-policies.aspx#scoring
AICPA. (2015). Certified in Financial Forensics (CFF) Examination. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/InterestAreas/ForensicAndValuation/Membership/Pages/CFFExamination.aspx
AICPA. (2013). CFF Content Specification Outline. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/InterestAreas/ForensicAndValuation/Membership/DownloadableDocuments/2013%20CFF%20Exam%20Content%20Specification%20Outline_FinalWEB.pdf
AICPA. (2015). CPA/CFF Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs). Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/InterestAreas/ForensicAndValuation/Membership/Pages/cff-frequently-asked-questions.aspx#CFF Exam
Organizations Sources
AICPA. (2015). American Institute of CPAs. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/Pages/default.aspx
AICPA. (2015) This Way to CPA. Retrieved from https://www.thiswaytocpa.com/
IMA. (2015). IMA The Association of Accountants and Financial Professionals in Business. Retrieved from http://www.imanet.org/
IIA. (2015). The Institute of Internal Auditors. Retrieved from https://na.theiia.org/Pages/IIAHome.aspx
AICPA & CIMA. (2015). Chartered Global Management Accountant. Retrieved from http://www.cgma.org/
ACFE. (2015). Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Retrieved from http://www.acfe.com/
Professional Links Sources
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. (2015). The Investor’s Advocate: How the SEC Protects Investors, Maintains Market Integrity, and Facilitates Capital Formation. Retrieved from http://www.sec.gov/about/whatwedo.shtml
FASB. (2015). Facts about FASB. Retrieved from http://www.fasb.org/jsp/FASB/Page/SectionPage&cid=1176154526495
FASB. (2015). Standard-Setting Process. Retrieved from http://www.fasb.org/jsp/FASB/Page/SectionPage&cid=1351027215692
FAF. (2015). The Importance of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Retrieved from http://www.accountingfoundation.org/jsp/Foundation/Page/FAFLandingPage&cid=1176163969416
FAF. (2015). About GAAP. Retrieved from http://www.accountingfoundation.org/cs/ContentServer?c=Page&pagename=Foundation%2FPage%2FFAFBridgePage&cid=1176164538898#section_1
SOXCPA. (2015). The Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Retrieved from http://www.sarbanes-oxley-act.biz/
Sarbanes Oxley 101. (2015). Sarbanes Oxley Act Summary of Major Sections. Retrieved from http://www.sarbanes-oxley-101.com/sarbanes-oxley-compliance.htm
PCAOB. (2015). About the PCAOB. Retrieved from http://pcaobus.org/About/Pages/default.aspx
SEC. (2015). Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. Retrieved from http://www.sec.gov/answers/pcaob.htm
COSO. (2015). About Us. Retrieved from http://www.coso.org/aboutus.htm
COSO. (2013). Internal Control-Integrated Framework. Retrieved from http://www.coso.org/documents/990025P_Executive_Summary_final_may20_e.pdf
IFAC. (2015). About IFAC. Retrieved from http://www.ifac.org/about-ifac
Illinois CPA Society (2015). About ICPAS. Retrieved from http://www.icpas.org/hc-about-icpas.aspx?id=132.
AICPA. (2015). About the AICPA. Retrieved from http://www.aicpa.org/About/Pages/About.aspx
IMA. (2015). About IMA. Retrieved from http://www.imanet.org/about-ima/about-ima-overview
ILBOE. (2015). Brief History. Retrieved from http://www.ilboe.org/about-us/brief-history/
IDFPR. (2015). About IDFPR. Retrieved from http://www.idfpr.com/About/About.asp
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