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Sioux Indians

This presentation will tell about the Sioux Indians
by

Eric Yeon

on 3 November 2010

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Transcript of Sioux Indians

Sioux Siouxu Sioux Indin Sioux Indians Sioux Indi THE SIOUX INDIANS Music
Food Art
The drums were the main instruments in the sioux tribe. Flutes come in second. These instruments were made from buffalo skin and bones. Music expressed the feelings of the Sioux Indians. When they're sad, they play a slow song. When they're mad, they play a very fast song with a lot of power. Also, Sioux played music to honor the spirit world. Happy Sioux Song Sioux are marvelous artists They use the grass of the plains to weave decorations together
Jobs Housing Clothing -Men and women had
different jobs Women set up the tipi wherever the tribe settled The three Sioux tribes (nakota, lakota,
and dakota), lived in tipis. Men and women decorated the tipis with traditional arts like buffalo or men with spears. They make most artifacts out of buffalos. Welcome to the world of... Smoke flaps can be adjusted to retain heat Wooden lodge pins are removed to fold the tipi for traveling Inside a tipi there's a pouch called the Buffalo-paunch cooking pot which contained the day's soup of buffalo meat, wild turnips, and wild onions Housing was important for every tribe. Children from now and then do the same things like, going to school or helping around the house. Many Sioux children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian children had more chores and less time to play, just like early colonists' children. But they did have dolls and toys to play with, and older boys in some bands liked to play lacrosse. Houses belonged to the women in the Sioux tribes. Stories/Folktales
The Dakota and Lakota people lived in large buffalo-hide tents called tipis. Tipis were carefully designed to set up and break down quickly. An entire Sioux village could be packed up and ready to move within an hour. Originally tipis were only about 12 feet high, but after the Sioux acquired horses, they began building them twice that size. Sioux believed in their folktales a lot. One of stories say that white buffalo are sacred and the white buffalo showed the Sioux indians how to live There was a kid named slow, but now he was a great warrior named Sitting Bull Sitting bull was a great warrior, cheif, and medicine man.
Sioux warriors and chiefs were well-known for their impressive feathered warbonnets, but they didn't wear them in everyday life. Both Sioux men and women wore their hair long, cutting it only when they were in mourning. There were many different traditional Sioux hairstyles, but long braids were the most common. Men often wrapped their braids in fur or tied quillwork strips around them. On special occasions, Sioux people painted their faces and arms with bright colors and animal designs. They used different patterns for war paint and festive decoration. Sioux Transportations Sioux warriors used bows and arrows, spears, war clubs, and buffalo-hide shields. Hunters also used snares, and when Lakota or Dakota men hunted buffalo, they often set controlled fires to herd the animals into traps or over cliffs. Sioux women are known for their quillwork and beadwork, and the men are known for their elaborate buffalo-hide paintings. Sioux artists also make pottery, parfleche, and ceremonial calumets (pipes carved from catlinite.) The Sioux tribes used to be farmers, but once they acquired horses they mostly gave up farming, and moved frequently to follow the seasonal migrations of the buffalo herds. Most of their diet was meat, especially buffalo, elk and deer, which they cooked in pits or dried and pounded into pemmican. The Sioux also collected chokecherries, fruit, and potatoes to eat. The original Lakota/Dakota homelands were in what is now Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North and South Dakota. The Sioux traveled freely, however, and there was also significant Sioux presence in the modern states of Iowa, Nebraska, Montana, and northern Illinois, and in south-central Canada. Before the Sioux children walked, they were taught to swim from the greatest warriors The buffalo was the main diet of the sioux indians. A single buffalo had a large amount of fat and protein. An average bull(male buffalo) weighed about 700kg and a cow(female buffalo) weighed about 450kg. Hunting buffalo was a difficult and dangerous job. A hunter eats the liver of the buffalo as soon as he catches it so it can give him energy to bring it back to the sioux. Buffalo meat could be cooked in many different ways. For example, it can be broiled, roasted, boiled, raw, etc. Men and young boys mostly wore deerskin and leggings. When it was warm like in summer they would wear one strip of leather called a breechcloth, as well as a pair of shoes called moccasins. In the winter, they wore buffalo skin and snow shoes Women wore dresses and moccasins. They decorated their clothes with elk teeth, bear claws, feathers, and fur. The Sioux tribes knew how to make birchbark and dugout canoes, but more often, they traveled overland. Originally the Sioux used dogs pulling travois (a kind of drag sled) to help them carry their belongings. Once Europeans introduced horses to North America, the Sioux became known as expert riders and traveled greater distances. Keeping buffalo fresh was very hard. It was dried and could then be stored for a long time. Some of the dried meat was pounded into powder and mixed with hot, melted buffalo fat and berries to form pemmican. Women collected berries in the summer. Some berries were eaten fresh but many were dried and stored so they could be used as dyes, food, and jewelry. The Sioux men also hunted and ate deer, moose, elk, wolves, coyotes, lynx, rabbits, gophers, prairie chickens, and many other birds and small animals were also trapped. Vegetables were a very important part of the Sioux Indians' diet. The Sioux Indians created pictograph stories on the hide of large animals. These were also known as calendars called Winter Counts. The Sioux Indians would count the years by the passing winters. They would record historical events that happened each year by painting symbolic pictures of the event. The first picture was placed in the center of the hide. Each year the new picture was added and arranged in a spiral shape around the center picture. Music was a very important part of life for the Sioux Indians. Drums, flutes, and voices, were used to make music for many occasions. There were lullabies, love songs, and songs for ceremonies, games, powwows, and funerals. Music was also a way for them to communicate. Certain tunes played on the flute could give a message to someone listening. Happy Sioux Song
Usually only men became Sioux chiefs,
but both genders took part in storytelling,
artwork and music, and traditional medicine. Men were hunters and warriors Men were responsible for feeding and defending their tribe. Men Men fought at war Besides cooking and cleaning, a Dakota or Lakota woman
built her family's house and dragged the heavy posts with
her whenever the tribe moved. Women Children Social Organization The Sioux Lakota Sioux Nakota Sioux Dakota Sioux Titunwan Hunkpapa Mniconjou Sicangu Oglala Itazipco Sihasapa O'henumpa Yankton Yanktonai Mdewakanton Wahpeton Wahpekute Sisseton The basic social unit of the Sioux was the tiyospe, an extended family group that followed the buffalo herds together. Oceti Sakowin ospaye Seven council fire Thank you for watching our Presentation!!! Sioux Beadwork
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