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Concentration Camps

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by

Alyssa Proctor

on 21 February 2014

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Transcript of Concentration Camps

Some Jewish children survived the Holocaust by blending in with other children and their families.
Some adults survived by either:
Hiding in the woods in small communities.
Getting fake papers to attempt to hide their identities.
Basic Facts
Not only the Jews were persecuted. Also the:
Gypsies
Homosexuals
Jehovah's Witnesses
Disabled People
Number of camps
Over 20,000 across Europe.
Only those in Auschwitz had tattoos.
1941 tattoos were started to identify prisoners.
Not only Jews had tattoos
First tattoos were placed on the left breast.
Later moved to the inner forearm.
These tattoos were used to keep a record of how many people were in the camp at the time.
The Beginning
Dachau was the first concentration camp to be formed on March 20, 1933.
On April 1, 1933, Nazis instigated their first act against the Jews.
Boycott of all Jewish-owned Businesses.
Killings
Killing of the Jews was done in various ways such as:
Overworking them
Starving them
Shooting
Gas Chambers
Medical experiments.
References
Online:
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/whatarecamps.html
http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/ss/Camps-Map.htm


Book:
"
The Diary of a Young Girl"
by Anne Frank
"
Auschwitz: A Doctor's Eyewitness Account
" by Miklos Nyiszli


Basic Facts (continued)
Jewish people were only spared if their grandparents converted to Christianity before January 8, 1871.

Children were the biggest threat because they might grow up to raise a new generation of Jews.
Until 1938, only those who spoke out or acted out against Hitler or the Nazis were in Dachau.
The killing of Jews began in June 1941.
The Beginning
(Continued)
Concentration Camps: Definition and Types
A concentration camp is a camp in which people are detained or confined without trial.
Test Subjects
Medical experiments were conducted against the prisoner's will.
Newborn babies were taken away from their nursing mothers to see how long they could survive without feeding.
Nerves, bones, and muscle were destroyed or removed to see if they would regenerate.
Poison was administered to see the effects it had on the human body.
Subjects were denied food and water to see if they could live on chemically processed sea water .
Wounds given to the subjects had mustard gas put on them to find out the best way to heal mustard gas related issues.
The most well known doctors behind these experiments are:
Karl Brandt, Carl Clauberg, Aribert Heim, August Hirt, Johann Kremer, Maria Mandel, Josef Mengele, Herta Oberheuser, and Horst Schumann.
Repairing Damage
Many survivors wanted to go home but they weren't welcomed back.
Anti-Jewish riot in 1946
Homes had been looted or taken over.

Many left and went to other countries.
They first had to face immigration issues.
Eventually both Israel and the United States changed immigration policies to allow more Jews inside.

Although many had started new lives elsewhere, certain laws in Germany still remained.
Discrimination toward Gypsies laws were in effect until 1970.
The Law of Imprisonment of homosexuals created by the Nazi Party stayed in effect until 1969.
In The End
In Birkenau, Soviet troops found:
15,400 pounds of human hair
used for felt, thread, socks, ignition mechanism in bombs, ropes, cords, and stuffing for mattresses.
Over 1.1 million children died
The Nazi Party killed almost two-thirds of the Jews living in Europe at the time.
6 million of the 11 million people dead were Jewish.
Tattoos
Concentration Camps
The types of camps are:
Transit
Work
Extermination
Prisoner-of-War
Concentration

Typical Setting
Hard physical labor with little rations.
Torture was quite common.
Three or more people to a wooden bunk with no mattress or pillows.
Surviving the Holocaust
References
Online:
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleID=1000563
http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/holocaustfacts.htm
http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-holocaust
http://hubpages.com/hub/Conditions-In-Concentration-Camps
http://wp.lehman.edu/lehman-today/2012/04/lehman-professor-leads-holocaust-educators-on-visit-to-historical-sites-in-poland-and-israel/


Elie Wiesel
References
Pictures:
http://www.architectsofpeace.org/media/architects/elie-wiesel.jpg
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/medtoc.html
http://taliashewrote.com/2010/04/
http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_image.cfm?image_id=2505
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2233389/Oldest-living-concentration-camp-survivor-107-year-old-Christian.html
https://mubi.com/lists/the-holocaust
Full transcript