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World Food Crisis

Michelle and Frankie's ethics presentation addressing the world food crisis and focusing on Haiti

Michelle Attwood

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of World Food Crisis

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Our opinion Suffers from severe localised food insecurity-
Least developed countries in world-
Poorest country in Western hemisphere-
More than 50% of the population live on less than $1 a day-
Chronic malnutrition is widespread in Haiti38% (or 3.8 million) of Haitians is food insecure-
Food deficit country-
Natural disasters have intensified Haiti’s plight- Shattered Caribbean capital-
Affected virtually all layers of Haitian society-
30% rise in food prices over 5 years would reduce standard of living in rich nations by only 3%, but it would lower living standards in poor nations by 21 General Notes on Haitian
food crisis A Religious perspective We believe that aid should given to people in need but that countries need to become self sufficient. They need to be able to support themselves and their people with enough food by creating a market for goods to be exported so that their economy can recover. Food Crisis World Buddhism Ethical opinions and Implications Majority of the population believe that no one should have to starve to death, but throughout the western world a large percentage of the population has a sufficient surplus of food. Our opinion that the world food crisis is bad only goes so far as to pity those who are severely effected by world food crisis.
Haiti’s massive earthquake triggers big donations to the country to feed the people but two years from the earthquake aid has dropped extremely low, this shows that our moral views don’t motivate most of the population to hinder there own comfort for the sake of other peoples lives. Causes
of GFC in Haiti
Soaring prices-
Rising fuel prices-
Growing demand-
Influx of refugees-
Population growth-
Crop failure-
Floods (2007)
Earthquake (Jan 2010)-
Increased demand in India and China
Cholera epidemic (Oct 2010)-
Decline of Haitian’s rural economy-
Environmental degradation-
World food markets in crisis- Agricultural
& Food Industry - Forced to import food and fuel from overseas- Prices of wheat, rice and other staple crops have nearly doubled in last year- 50% of national requirements are imported- Farmers have little technology, can’t compete with those overseas who do have it- Dependent on imports- Forced by government for 20 years Haitian
Government/effects Slow response of Haitian government to recurrent needs of local population
No funds put into construction, infrastructure, rebuilding, “No support from nobody, from nowhere” Max, rice farmer from Port-Au-Prince (if you want more details on him, let me know)
Change of President and/or Prime Minister because of Haitian food crisis in April 2008, October 2011, February 2012Causes civil unrest and riots and protests Floods
in Haiti (2007) - Seriously affected the Haitian food crisis- Destroyed large portion of crops- Increased rate of unemployment- Slow response of Haitian government Earthquake
in Haiti (Jan 2010) - 7.0 on Richter scale-
Tues 12th January 2010-
Most powerful to hit Haiti in 200 years-
More than 220,000 dead, 300,000 injured, 1,000,000 people displaced-
Was a humanitarian disaster because of past FC-
Significantly deepened existing challenges and created massive reconstruction needs Pre-Earthquake GFC - Protests and riots over rising prices- 6 people were killed in riots- Struggling to survive- Localised food insecurity- Suffering from a profound structural crisis- Loss of purchasing power for majority of Haitian Post- Earthquake GFC - Still struggling to eat- While there’s food available, many can’t afford it, endangering recovery efforts- Residents scavenge for food and water- Violence among the hungry and desperate- Various shootings and killings Developmental Goals - Boost agricultural production
- WFP and government plan of recovery and development, to improve access to food for most vulnerable
- School meals, nutrition and job creation
- Agricultural rehabilitation, increasing local purchases to boost food production in Haiti
-Create a sustainable agricultural movement
- To build a modern self-sustaining state
- Education is key to recovery and development
- Improve job skills
- seeking stability, permanent housing, jobs, education and food for families Buddhists believe that every life is sacred. Greed is not part of the Buddhist way, they would give everything they own to other people in order for them to have enough to survive.
No greed is what a Buddhist society is based around, so if there were enough food to be spread around it would be. Foreign Aid Pre-Earthquake - WFP appealed for $54million for Haiti to counter food prices for 50,000 tonnes of food to last until the end of 2008 Foreign Aid for Earthquake - WFP provided emergency assistance- They provided food distributions to 4 million Haitians- Government buildings destroyed where relief aid was supposed to come from Foreign Aid Post-Earthquake - Provide school meals, nutrition and cash and food for work to alleviate impact of increasing food prices- WFP created more than 200,000 temporary jobs in Cash and Food for Work Program, paid in food, cash or both (which has improved the financial insecurity of more than a million Haitians)- International aid trickles in too slowly for the millions of hungry mouths- Camps, temporary shelter programs are making way for neighbourhood repair and reconstruction programs- 60% of 11million m3 of debris removed from area of Port-Au-Prince (Haitian capital)- Schools reopened, and 900,000 kids enrolled this year- 2 million kids are having a hot meal a day as part of national school feeding program Interview 1: Peter Attwood What do u know about the global food crisis ?"The price of food increased by 1.4% in Septemberr and a large amount of the worlds population don’t have adequate access to food currently. And the world population is increasing 7 billion and the demand for quality food and different types of food is increasing all the time causing many people around the world to have difficulty finding food."

What do u know about the food crisis in Haiti?
"As food prices increase across the world undeveloped and small countries like Haititi has low incomes and high food incomes which means they can’t buy enough food."

View on the future of Haiti.
"Corrupt government, poorly educated population, limited natural resources and a relatively high population and massive damage as a result of the earthquake. Can not see haiti recovering in the future."

Your opinion on the best way to help Haiti and the world food Crisis.
"Ensure that local food is used and grown locally so that each country can be self sufficient and discourage large food production based around export. Smaller villages where poeple can grow for themselves grow all their own food. Everyone has the ability."
Interview 2: Vronie Veugelers What do u know about the global food crisis ?
"That many people around the world especially in third world countries aren't able to buy food for themselves or their famillies because of very many different circumstances."

What do u know about the food crisis in Haiti?
"That Haiti has always been poor and struggled to get enough food but now after all the natural disasters they are having more trouble than ever"

Views on the future of Haiti.
"Haiti will have a lot of difficulty recovering and may start to rely too much of foreign aid. If they want to recover they have to fix their economy."

Your opinion on the best way to help Haiti and the world food crisis.
"All third world countries need to be able to develop their own living and be able to feed all the people in their country without aid."

Bibliography http://www.worldvision.com.au/Libraries/School_Resources/Where_is_the_food_crisis_p_6-7.pdfhttp://usatoday30.usatoday.com/money/industries/food/2008-05-28-food-crisis_N.htmhttp://www.oxfam.org/en/emergencies/haiti-earthquake/galleryhttp://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7377140.stmhttp://www.wfp.org/countries/Haiti/OverviewHaiti Food Crisis – Journeyman Pictures – Youtube.comHands That Feed: Haiti’s food crisis and post-quake opportunities for sustainability – Pangea Films (http://handsthatfeed.com/)http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/7030190/Haiti-earthquake-hunger-bites-a-week-after-disaster.html www.wfp.org/stories/haiti-two-years-after-earthquakehttp://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/the-americas/100118/haiti-earthquake-economy?page=0,1http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/haiti/overviewTitle: Quake, Aftermath Devastate HaitiPersonal Author: Holden, SteveSource: Teacher: The National Education Magazine, Mar 2010: 62 Journal Title: Teacher: The National Education MagazineIssue: Mar 2010
Holden, Steve. Quake, Aftermath Devastate Haiti (online) Teacher: The National Education. Magazine, Mar 2012: 62. Availability: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=800907670929704;res=IELHSS ISSN: 1449-9274 (cited 7/10/12)http://research.acer.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1086&context=teacher
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