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Requiem por un campesino español- Heroes and Cowards

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Alex Deak

on 13 March 2015

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Transcript of Requiem por un campesino español- Heroes and Cowards

Cowards and heroes in Requiem por un campesino español de R J Sender. Some ideas
Mosen Millan:
Paco's betrayal "usted me conoce"
"El me denuncio" by circumstances-threats of Centurion
takes Paco to las cuevas to give the last rites

Spanish Civil War makes some characters in the rural community, where the novella takes place, lose their humanity and pushes them to behave in a cowardly manner in order to be able to survive.

On the one hand, Mosen Millán is cowardly and the Civil War pushes him into this frame of mind. He acts as Paco's spiritual father in his youth yet when he is tested, he gives up Paco's position in Las Pardinas. He is a cowards as he is not willing to put himself in danger to save someone who he is meant to be close to.

On the other hand, Millán states earlier in the novel that he has no emotional connection with Paco. One could argue that he is brave as he knows it is the sensible thing to do. He would only be sacrificing himself as well but instead he makes a difficult decision to give away Paco's position.

Requiem-valientes y cobardes

BRAVE: las cuevas, el revólver, las armas de los guardias civiles, la conversación con D Valeriano, elecciones
Coward: las pardinas --> wasnt a coward, his family was threatened, giving himself up was the brave thing to do. It meant giving up his own life in the end unselfishly to save his family and friends.
Do you agree? YES. Justify your answers. Find quotes and give pages

Requiem-valientes y cobardes
Los falangistas
no trial.
no true trial
Los pudientes:
They flee the village when the left wins the Elections on 14th April 1936
Do you remember what happens on that date in Spanish History? Find quote from novel where
History and fiction are intertwined.

The King is exiled.

R J Sender's partisan writing? Do you agree? Yes/No give reasons.
Essay Feedback and Classwork on Requiem-week 8, C Block Lent 2015 MPM

They start killing innocent villagers at night "disparos en la noche".

"una noche..."
Do the readers side with the peasants? Yes. side with Paco too. The readers are told the story from the perspective of a peasant and the peasants are shown to be heroes uprising against their oppression under the 'pudientes'.
Paco-Christ like figure

Both try to revolutionise society.

Both attempt to go against the authorities.

BUT Jesus killed for a reason, his death serves a purpose and represents hope. Paco's death gives a bad message that the poor cannot overcome oppression from the rich.

Martyr for the people
people's voice

Jesus guided by God
Paco not really a messenger
Classwork task: In pairs, try to discuss the ideas from the prezi and find relevant quotes to illustrate them. You have 30 minutes and 10 minutes for a plenary.
Las mujeres del carasol
want to exaggerate
they back off after fallangistas come

They desert the carasol after the violence and do not stand up for themselves.

They talk behind people's backs and exaggerate stories. They try to stir up trouble in the community.

not heroes but help the heroes

El zapatero:

threatens MM
clubs are being dealt in Madrid

stands up with his views
always against fallangistas

Always goes against the authorities. Not intimidated by higher power.

Strong beliefs which he does not change for other people.

However, does nothing to change the political scene. Only complains does not act.
Is R J Sender's ultimate narrative goal to present his novella from a moral standpoint or political?

The key point of the novel is the political aspect. Sender tries to demonstrate the nature of 1930s Spain through their moral acts to show how the powerful often force the poor into conforming to their views. He makes his political views clear by portraying Paco as the protagonist and the pudientes as the antagonists
Do you think R J Sender is trying to give a fictional, political and human voice to the innocent victims of the Spanish civil War?

He clearly tries to give the peasants a voice by portraying Paco as the protagonist. It is rare that the someone from such a background is presented as so influential. He also shows the poor to be oppressed victims of an unfair society where land rights are not distributed equitably. He also shows the political beliefs of these people through Paco's revolutionary acts.
I believe that the political standpoint of the novel is an important aspect of the novel, however the most important aspect is that of the moral affection directed at the members of the village. The political ideologies aren't stressed until the end of the novel, however the reader sympathizes with Paco for doing for his people rather than doing for his standing up against the fallangistas
Good two-sided argument
Speaks on behalf of the people
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