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Three Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
Transcript of Three Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
Three Ancient Civilizations of the Americas
Ancient Aztec Time-line
Mayan Number System
Location of the Mayan Civilization
Mayan Stone Work
Mayan Maize God
Mayan Writing System
Mayan Blood-letting and Human Sacrifice
Ancient Mayan Time - Line
The Ancient Maya Civilization lasted from 1000 BCE to 1600 CE
Ancient Mayan Civilization began around 1000 BCE
The last Mayan stronghold was ultimately conquered by the Spanish in 1697 CE
Today, the Maya and their descendants form sizable populations throughout the Maya area and maintain a distinctive set of traditions and beliefs that are the result of the merger of pre-Columbian and post-Conquest ideas and cultures.
Around the year 400 BCE, successful farming led to the development of large farming communities, which laid the ground work for the Classical Mayan period.
Mayan Classical Period
325 BCE - 900 CE
From the year 300 CE to 925 CE, known as the Classical period, Mayans developed intricate city-state government systems and established colonies in outlying areas. For example the city of Tikal covered an entire six square miles. There cities were complex and had intricate roads.
Mayan Post-classical Period
900 CE-1600 CE
The ancient Mayan are famous for their decorative stone-work and amazing stone cities. Wall paintings of Bonampak were made in 800 CE and the last known carved date on a Mayan monument was in 899 CE.
Around 900 BCE, the post-classic period began, (900-1600 CE), many Mayans moved to the country-side, the Mayans experienced 200 years of civil war and a slow decline of the civilization began. A hurricane hit the Yucatan in 1464 CE which killed many Mayans.
The Spanish arrived around 1523 CE and burned nearly ALL of the Mayan books. Only FOUR Remain
100 CE- 900 CE
1500 CE -1600 CE
Location of the Aztecs
The largest city in the World!
Ancient Rubber Ball Game
1200 CE Aztecs Arrive in Valley of Mexico
1325 - 1345 CE Tenochtitlan, present day Mexico City was built.
1350 CE - Swamps drained and canals established
Chinampas - floating gardens on artificial islands.
Spanish and Indian Allies destroy Tenochtitlan in 1521 CE.
1519 Cortes arrives in Valley of Mexico
1400 CE, Aztecs are in control of the Valley of Mexico and force other groups to pay tribute and taxes. The military elite become the rulers.
1428 CE, the triple alliance is established between the Aztecs and two neighboring cities of Texcoco and Tiacopan.
1481 CE, Temple at Tenochtitlan constructed in honor of the Sun God, Huitzlilopotchli.
1535 CE Mexico is Under Spanish Rule
According to Aztec legend, in 1323, the Mexicas were shown a vision of an eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus, eating a snake.[clarification needed] This vision indicated that this was the location where they were to build their home. In any event, the Mexicas eventually arrived on a small swampy island in Lake Texcoco where they founded the town of Tenochtitlan in 1325
HUGE stone buildings built high in the Andes
1500 CE - Incas built suspending rope bridges throughout their empire
1428-1472 CE Manco Machu Pichu is built.
Inti, was the Incan Sun God.
Incan Golden Llama
1200 CE Manco Capac established Incas at Cusco
Present Day Cusco
1428- 1525 CE, Ican empire expands to present day Colombia and south to present day Chile through assimilation in Incan society. A territory larger than the Ottoman Empire!
Incas expanded mostly through assimilating other cultures
1525-1532 CE - Incas are involved in civil war
Spanish conquistador, Pizzaro discovered Incas in 1531 CE. He captured Atahaualpha and had him executed in 1532 CE.
1535 CE, Incas were defeated by the Spanish.
Chasquis - Messenger System
The History of Cajamarca:
Cajamarca is where, in 1532, Atahualpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Inca, was resting with his 60,000 warriors at a nearby hot spring when the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro asked to meet with him. Atahualpa agreed to meet him in the main square, Plaza de Armas, of Cajamarca. Pizarro’s men, numbering only a couple of hundred, hid behind the doorways within the square. As soon as Atahualpa entered, the Spanish overwhelmed the Incan troops with cannon and horses, which the soldiers had never before seen. At the battle’s end, 7,000 Inca lay dead. Peru became a Spanish colony, and remained so until its liberation in 1824 by Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin