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John Locke vs. Thomas Jefferson

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chloe moino

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of John Locke vs. Thomas Jefferson

The biggest similarity between Locke and Jefferson's ideas is that they both focused on the belief that all men are created equal and have the right to happiness. Locke says that humans have natural rights of life, liberty, and property. Jefferson restates this claim as unalienable Rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Both works state that no one person is above or superior to another person. The natural law of man is not under the authority of man but ruled by the Laws of Nature. They also state that those natural rights cannot be taken away because humans are born with those rights that are governed by natural laws, and not by a government. The wordings in both these writings are nearly identical in explaining these rights of Nature. I believe the idea that all men are created equal is the most important concept that we live by today. Both of them believed in God given rights and how everyone should be treated equally, and that is what our nation is (and should) be based off of today.
Locke vs. Jefferson Recap
Thomas Jefferson quote
Inspiration
John Locke quote
God Given Rights
John Locke quote
Equal and Independent
John Locke quote

Life, Liberty, and...
John Locke vs. Thomas Jefferson
Chloe Moino 6th
Thomas Jefferson quote
Overrule the Government
Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States, and John Locke, a philosopher, both had influences on how America's government works today. Jefferson took not only his ideas, but also some of the concepts produced in Locke's work to create the Declaration of Independence.
"But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of License. . .The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent,
no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions
…"
Thomas Jefferson quote
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with
certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness..."
Jefferson paraphrased one of Locke's ideas about how humans are given certain rights that cannot ever be taken away and that it is the government's job to protect these rights. Locke argued that political society existed to protect one's property, which he defined as a person's "life, liberty, and possessions". Jefferson replaced "possessions" with "the pursuit of happiness", although this does not mean that Jefferson meant the "pursuit of happiness" to refer primarily or only to property.
Thomas Jefferson quote
"That to secure these [unalienable] rights, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed..."
“When any number of men have so consented to make on
community or government, they are thereby incorporated, and make on body politic, wherein the majority have a right to act and conclude the rest.”

In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson spoke about the transition from the Law of Nature to the law of civil society. In the Second Treatise of Government Locke goes into detail in describing humanity’s transition from the state of nature into civil society.

“equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions...”
Thomas Jefferson quote
"life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”
Locke’s political philosophy were the hypothesized “Laws of Nature.”
Locke defined the Laws of Nature as the code which governed the State
of Nature (a concept of pre-political society previously explored by
Thomas Hobbes). This code, according to Locke, dictated that all beings are equal yet independent. Jefferson takes this idea in the Declaration of Independence and modifies it to the famous life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness quote; considered unalienable rights.

John Locke quote
Locke wrote the "Essay concerning Human Understanding." In this piece
of work, Locke spoke about many topics in human existence and human
thoughts. This include ideas that involved God, knowledge, and freedom.
Locke's major idea in this was "knowledge is gained by the input from the five
senses-and the experiences so entered fill the blackboard and create
the knowledge." Some words that stand out to most people in this piece
of work is "Life, liberty, and property." Jefferson was so inspired by
this that, a lot of the ideas from this work inspired a lot of what
was written in the Declaration Of Independence.
"Will must be distinguished from desire."
"Life, liberty, and property"
John Locke quote
Locke and Jefferson believed in the right to overthrow the government if it violated any part of what was considered constitutional.
"When the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good..."
"Whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government..."
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