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Native Tribes

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by

Josh Anderson

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Native Tribes

The Tigua Indians of Texas are the only Puebloan tribe still in Texas.The Pueblos are a number of different Indian tribes who lived in the southwest.The southwest includes far west Texas,New Mexico,Arizona with bits of southern Colorado and Utah.All these different languages and had slightly different cultures .Other Puebloan tribes in Texas include the long gone prehistoric Pueblos along the Canadian river in the Texas panhandle and probaly the Jumano.Before we go to the Tiguas lets learn a little more about the Pueblo Indians.The Pueblos are group of different who are tribes who are all much alike, so much alike we group them together.They lived in boxed like houses staked on top of each other.These are called Pueblos.Some Pueblos can go up to four to five stoires high. Pueblo Indians, including the Tigua, are farmers. Most of their food comes from crops they plant and tend. Corn is the main crop they plant. The Pueblos are still farming now.They also raised many other crops.For food they raised beans and squash.They also grew cotten that could be used to make cloth.They even raised gourds that could be dried out and used as containers. The men hunted deer, rabbits, antelope, bear, and many other wild animals. The Pueblos stored their food in very nice pottery that they made.
Patarabueyes of La Junta
When the spanish first entered the Trans-Pecos they encountered settled people living in pueblos ( villages) in the vicinity of presidio, Texas who were part-time farmers. They called those people the Patarabueyes, this is actually three spanish words combined into one Partarabuyes (to kick), A (to or at), Bueyes (oxen). Around 1580, Spanish soldiers bestowed this name to the people who lived in the the intermontain basin that today we call the Presidio Bolson. Here in this valley, the Conchos River, flowing north out of Mexico, confluences with the Rio Grande at what came to be known as La J unta de los Rios. The name patarabueyes is significant in several ways. First, it is an example of how Spanish colonization served to change or muddle a pre-existing network of relationships among the native people of northern Mexico and Texas. The Spanish soldiers knew full well that the people of this valley had other names for themselves, names that had a history and meaning to them and there neighbors.
Native Tribes
The Tigua Indians of Texas
Tribal History of the
Mescalero Apache
Hundreds of years ago, long before settlers
came to this land, these mountains, plains and deserts belonged to the Mescalero Apaches. No other Native Americans in the Southwest caused the terror and constant fear in the settlers as the Apaches did throughout their fierce existence.They raided Spanish, Mexican, and American settlers,and were known to be expert guerrila fighters who defended their homelands.The Mescalero were essentially nomadic hunters and warriors, dwelling at one place for a temporary time in brush shelter known as a "Wiki up"; short rounded dwelings made from twings or teepees made of elk hide and buffalo hides. The Mescalero
freely throughout the Southwest including Texas,
Arizona, Chihuahua Mexico and Sonora Mexico. Alpache warriors hunted buffalo , deer , and antelope.Most of the women would spent time gathering seeds to eat or plant.


here is a Pueblo village
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