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London Risk Register

A brief overview of the London Risk Register

Matthew Hogan

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of London Risk Register

Very High
London Risk Register
Summarises the risks of an Emergency happening in London over the next 5 years

Required under the Civil Contingencies Act 2004

Allows for mult-agency assessment of risk

Allows for the risk to be communicated to the public
Not Applicable
Hazard: A danger, or potential source of danger
Risk: Possibility of injury, loss or damage
Vulnerability: Exposure to the possibility of being harmed
National Risk Assessment
Local Risk Assessment Guidance & Planning Assumptions
London Risk Register
5 Airports serve London (137 million passengers and 62% of air freight per year)
18 Main London Rail Stations - 480 million passenger entries per year
249 miles of London Underground - carrying over 1 billion per year
Nearly 500 million bus journey miles per year
Over 9000 miles of road carriageway
The most notable example was the Great Storm of 1987.
Electricity Supply
Water Supply
Gas Supply
Phone Lines
As well as Sewage treatment, food chain supply, postal service and increasing reliance on the internet
Most people have experienced the occasional power cut. Our risk register looks a worst case scenarios – regional losses of power, piped water, gas or telecommunications for an extended time.
Heavy snow and low temperatures can cause transport disruption and significantly affect health
For more info - http://www.nhs.uk/livewell/winterhealth/pages/verycoldweather.aspx
Increasing reliance on technology increases the potential impact that any disruption (whether accidental or deliberate) can have on:
Data Security
Emergency Services
Banking and Industry
Leisure Services
Due to security issues, the assessment of the risk if threats (such as terrorism) are not yet included in the London Risk Register.

However, London has a history of international, domestic and extremist attacks spanning decades. This threat has not diminished and we must remain vigilant.
One of the most significant terrorist attacks in London's history was the 7 July 2005 Bombings.

Read the report of the London Assembly here

And the latest Review of Progress on the Coroners recommendations here

The Civil Contingencies Act (2004) requires organisations to assess the risk of emergencies and publish these assessments.

The London Risk Register sets out our assessment of likelihood and impact of a range of risks which may affect London.

Updated annually, the London Risk Register is informed by the National Risk Register which is then reviewed by experts from a range of partner organisations to ensure it captures locally significant risks and variations.
Represents one of the highest risks in London, with nearly 700,000 properties at risk. Is yours one of them?

Due to the built up environment, it's not just rivers and the sea which can cause flooding. Heavy rainfall in a build up environment cannot drain away quickly enough and causes surface water flooding.
Before a Flood
Make sure your insurance policy covers you for flooding
Know how to turn off your gas, electricity and water supplies
Plan for what you would do if your home was flooded
During a Flood
Listen to local radio for latest advice
Turn off water, gas and electricity
Put plugs in baths and sinks and weigh them down
Put personal safety above property
Move valuable items to higher area
After a Flood
Make sure your property is safe
Get advice on handling any necessary insurance claims
Check that fresh water is running clear and that electrical sockets and wiring has not been affected - call a professional for help
This Prezi provides an overview of the London Risk Register, starting with the Very High risks and working down the risk rating scale.
Storms and Gales
Heavy winds can damage buildings and power lines, and cause disruption to essential services and transport networks.
Winds of up to 122mph hit Southern England for 3-4 consecutive hours on 15 October 1987.

Thousands of people were left without power as some of the 15 million felled tress disrupted powerlines.

Roads and railways were blocked.

The storm had a total insurance costs of £2 billion.
"Nothing is certain but death and taxes."
Accurate prediction about the future is impossible due to uncertainty, human and technical errors, and unpredictability. There are 3 purposes to the risk assessment, to enable responders and communities to have a common understanding, to enable proportionate planning and to provide the basis for planning assumptions and evaluation.
Some useful definitions...
If you know your postcode, you can find out if you are at risk here http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/homeandleisure/floods/31650.aspx
Specific arrangements are developed for the
risks in London, which include...
risks also require specific preparation, they include...
Accidents occur daily, but the Emergency Services also plan for larger scale events such as a big motorway pile up or a train derailment.

These are rare events but do occur occasionally.
Risks rated as
are prepared for in a more general way...
London Emergency Services Liaison Panel
is the process that the Emergency Services and other organisations use as a framework for responding to incidents to ensure the best possible response.

It covers issues such as Command and Control, Information Sharing and Communication, Resources, Safety and Assistance from other agencies
Click here for the latest version of the Manual
some risks are assessed as
but they are reviewed every year to make sure they still don't apply
Two Big Challenges
1. Risk Perception

What are your personal top 3 risks?

Risk is often viewed in different ways, experts look for evidence and at statistics, whereas the public perception is dominated by intangible qualities such as fear and memory of recent similar events.

Hopefully this overview has been useful, but to view the full version of the London Risk Register, click the link below


For tips on using the London Risk Register to enhance your own preparedness for emergencies take a look at this blog post


And don't forget to follow us on Twitter and Facebook to get useful information on preparing for emergencies direct to your social networks

2. Unknown Unknowns
London Risk Register
Cold Weather and Snow
Utility Failure
Transport Accident
It's also important that we prepare for incidents which involve explosives, dangerous chemicals, biological organisms and radioactive sources as these substances are supported for use by some terrorist groups.

You can help. If you notice any unusual activity (follow the link below) then report it to the Police.

The link below provides some more useful advice on preparing for extreme weather (which includes both summer and winter).


And remember to check the weather forecast regularly so that you can take necessary action
Pandemic Flu
Unlike seasonal flu, which occurs every winter, a pandemic occurs when a new virus, to which people have little existing immunity, develops the ability to cause severe infection and spread between people on an international scale.
It is impossible to predict the full effects of a pandemic so the government develop a range of planning assumptions to help inform response options.

Current planning looks at half of the population contracting flu and 2.5% of those dying.

For London that could mean 175,000 detahs from pandemic flu
How could a pandemic affect you?
In addition to the obvious health impacts, a pandemic could have impacts on international trade, supply chains (including food and money), social gatherings and business continuity
How can you protect yourself?
Full transcript