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Maslow's Pyramid & Education
Transcript of Maslow's Pyramid & Education
Belongingness need addressed: (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Esteem Love & Belongingness safety and Security S. A. Although Maslow spoke very little directly towards Education (and over 4 decades ago) the implications are huge & he unwittingly addresses many current issues within the school system A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO EDUCATION ''To oversimplify the matter somewhat, it is as if Freud
supplied to us the sick half of psychology and we must now fill it out with the healthy half"
(Maslow, 1968). Born in Brooklyn, NY in 1908 to Russian, Jewish Immigrants Maslow was inspired to understand two of his college Professors- why they were so admirable and different from the other people he had encountered. His observations from these two people sparked the beginnings of his research and discovery towards the concept of self-actualization. As a teenager, Maslow fell in love with his first cousin. He experienced his first kiss with his cousin, and later described this moment as one of the peak experiences of his life. "the full use and exploitation of talent, capacities, potentialities-etc. Such people seem to be fulfilling themselves and doing the best that they are capable of doing" Self- actualization is: Pyramid of needs As a young child he was so convinced he was ugly that he would ride deserted subway cars to spare others the sight of him There were certain characteristics that were common in all of his subjects: superior perception, humility, dedicated to a purpose outside of themselves, creative-spontaneous, unity, a spiritual life. A little background... A little direction... Where he fits with the other theorists... "We shouldn't have to say humanistic psychology [...] Don't think of me as being anti-behaviouristic. I'm antidoctrinaire.... I'm against anything that closes doors and cuts off possibilities" (Maslow, 1968) Assumption for under-acheivers: the average individual is motivated by deficiencies instead of the desire for personal growth. The Research Physiological Needs Basic Needs
needs Maslow actually had little to say about education.
The few comments he did say were abstract and
indirect, calling for education to foster: "growth
toward self-actualization", "learning of the heart",
and for education to "refreshen consciousness so
that we are continually aware of the
beauty and wonder of life". (1976)
He was dismayed with schools"implanting the greatest
number of facts into the greatest possible number of children" and the preoccupation with "means, i.e., grades, degrees credits, diplomas, rather than with ends, i.e., wisdom, understanding, good judgement,
good taste" (1970) bullying Socio-ecomomic Status No-fail Policy &
Standardized Testing The Holistic
Approach Physiological Need addressed: Breakfast programs in schools for vulnerable student populations http://www.breakfastclubscanada.org/programstandards.aspx Esteem need addressed: Class discussions and debates are closely monitored Clubs and sports teams are open to all who wish to join ex.) "no-cuts" policy Participating in
30 Hour Famine,
blood drives, Senior
Residency's visits The Tree of Practical Education Project based learning Sources: Frager, R. & J. Fadiman (2005). "Personality and Personal Growth".
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Goble, F. (1971). "The Third Force". New York, NY: Pocket Books. Hoffman, E. (Ed). (1996). "Future Visions: The Unpublished Papers
of Abraham Maslow". Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. Kohn, A. (2004). "What Does it Mean to be Well Educated?".
Boston, MS: Beacon Press. Books: Online: http://www.breakfastclubscanada.org/programstandards.aspx BIEPBL. (2010, December 9)."project based learning explained".
Retrieved on October 18, 2012 from [YouTube]. iwasborntolearn. (2011, March 10). "born to learn". Retrieved on
October 11, 2012 from [YouTube]. theRSAorg. (2010, April 1). "RSA Animate Drive The surprising truth
about what motivates us". Retrieved from [YouTube]. "Breakfast Programs" Retrieved on October 18, 2012 from Presentation by Sarah Hagen Respect, every has a chance to be heard Opportunity for Self-actualization??