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Transcript of Cameroon
(Or the French; République du Cameroun) Known as "Africa in miniature" for its large cultural and geographical diversity The center stripe stands for unity; red is the colour of unity, and the star is referred to as "the star of unity". The yellow stands for the sun, and the savannas in the northern part of the country, while the green is for the forests in the southern part of Cameroon. Paul Biya is the current president of Cameroon.
In a book called Tyrants, the World's 20 Worst Living Dictators, by David Wallechinsky, ranked Biya with three others in sub-Saharan Africa. After being re-elected in 2004, Biya was barred by a two-term limit in the 1996 Constitution from running for President again in 2011, but he tried to revise this to allow him to run again Compared to other African countries, Cameroon enjoys relatively high political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Most children have access to free, state-run schools or subsidised, private and religious facilities. The educational system is a mixture of British and French teaching with most instruction in English or French. Cameroon has one of the highest school attendance rates in Africa. Cameroon has an area of 475,442 sq. Km (183,569 sq. mi) Cameroons GDP per capita was estimated at around $2,300 in 2008, on of the ten highest in sub-Saharan Africa Cameroon has an extrodinary unemployment rate of over 30% Population: 18,879,301 The risk of serious diseases in this region is very high, some of the more common diseases:
Food or waterborne diseases: hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis Religions: Indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20% In 1472, Portuguese sailors reached the coast of Cameroon. They noted an abundance of prawns and crayfish in the Wouri River and named it Rio dos Camarões, Portuguese for "River of Shrimp", from which Cameroon is derived.