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Western Civilization - Age of Exploration

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Serena Feldman

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Western Civilization - Age of Exploration

Inspired by stories of Marco Polo and John Mandeville, explorers set sail to find wealth, power, and convert the Heathen. This period of discovery lasted from about 1418 to 1620. Prince Henry began the school of navigation, because he desired to sail around Africa. On October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer, hired by
Spain to find Asia, dropped anchor in what is now known as the Caribbean. His three ships the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria landed on a small island called Guanahani, which is now one of Bahama Islands.

Why Explore?
The fall of Constantinople in 1453 severed European trade links by land with Asia which led many to begin seeking routes east by sea and began the age of exploration. The Europeans wanted trade of gold, silver, and spices.
The "Indians" and the Impact it had on them.
October 12, 1492 is a tragic day in the Native Americans history. As they see it, Columbus didn't “discover” America, he invaded it. After the "discovery" of the new world, the native populations were desolated. European settlers brought diseases that devastated entire tribes like small pox, the flu, tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria, chickenpox and sexually transmitted diseases. The Native Americans dropped like flies in an almost Genocidal manner.
Trade with the Natives
The Native Americans originally welcomed the Europeans, trading things like copper for gold not knowing it's worth. The Europeans brought things the Natives have never seen; Guns, horses, wheat, barley, and peas. The Natives began to rely on the Europeans for the manufactured goods. As the Europeans started to require more and more of the Native's land, the Native tribes began to feel crowded. The European population quickly overtook that of the Natives which was dwindling at an appalling rate.
Western Civilization - Age of Exploration
Explorers Found "The New World"
Ferdinand & Isabella hire Christopher Columbus' to embark on a voyage to Asia. In 1492, Columbus takes a wrong turn and discovers the Americas. The Colombian Exchange became quite successful and caused an increase of trade in the Americas. Tobacco, potatoes and turkeys came to Europe from America. In exchange, Europeans brought wheat, measles, earthworms and horses
1) Where did Columbus first land?
2) Who hired Columbus?
3) What did the Europeans bring to the New World? Name 2 Things.
4) What did the Native Americans trade for gold?
5) What were the names of Columbus' ships?
6) Name two diseases brought to the Natives from the Europeans.
7) Why did the Europeans bring African American Slaves to the New World?
8) What happened to the Native Americans population?
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