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W1-Foundations of Thought & Faith

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Chris Drowne

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of W1-Foundations of Thought & Faith

Unit 1
Foundations of
Thought & Faith

Why Are We Here?






What's Our Purspose?
What is Religion?
Why Do People Believe?
Monotheism v. Polytheism
Themes
Explanations
Good v. Evil
Structure & Rules
Comfort & Company
Someone/Something/Many Things More Responsible
Great Philosophers
Socrates (470-399 BC)
Plato, warrior
"rich in poverty"
goodness & its pursuit keys to life
Socratic Method
pro democracy?
challenge stances, scientific & poli
corrupted youth? Trial, drank poison
Plato (427-347 BC)
pupil of Socrates,
teacher of Aristotle
“Republic”
& "The Cave"
highly trained aristocracy
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
botany, politics, logic,
Lyceum
peripatetic
“Golden Mean”
strong, stable gment =
golden ages
Christianity
Orderly
Omniscient
Good
Just
Loving
Themes of
Genesis, Exodus, Amos
Matthew
Islam “to surrender”
Mohammad (570-632 AD)
Poor, 6 yrs, prnts, ed
610, cave dream
Angel calls him
630 Mecca & Allah
630-632, Arabia all in
“Allah is most great”
5 Pillars
Monotheism, Muslims
Koran/Qur’an, “reading”
Early Chinese Cultures
Huang He (Yellow River)
Irrigation, fertile soil, pop growth, dikes
complex society c. 3000 BCE
Xia Dynasty to Shang Dynasty
very patriarchal
king-priests
many towns and regional bureaucracies, corruption
bone writing, fortune telling
psnts, slaves, nobles
Names
551-479 BCE
Socrates
100 Masters/77
Gment?
Textbook
Legalism
Daoism
Confucianism
Confucius
Old Sage Librarian
Followers write?
Tao, Lao, Tao de Jing
Tao = the way
Te = truth
Ching = laws
Translation
Existential balance
http://www.thetao.info
Lao
Tzu

Emergence of Religion,India
Animism, spirit
please spirits and dead
Hinduism
Brahmins & reincarnation
as superior or lower being
based on life
Karma is balance of good and evil
improve caste through reincarnation
untouchables totally out of caste system
Siddhartha
Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC)
reincarnation w/o caste system
Enlightened Path (pg 138)
Meditation, Nirvana
lived wihtout working
read without writing
taught without routine
drank without dizziness
died before senility
"a life undiscovered is unworthy of man"
"good not becuase the gods say so, but rather the gods say its good becuase it is"
awarded for bravery
slavery
math/geo
Academus
grove, fees?
gowns, women
"his spoken words
were ice to youth,
thawed as adult minds"
metaphysics
Dialogs
ethics
Golden Mean
desire moderation
will courage
thought wisdom
justice piety
democracy =
comeptition of self interests
refuted Plato at every turn,
agreed with him on every page
ethics &
virtue
asks "future"
questions
many minds >
one mind
"let no one
ignorant of
geometry enter"
sati
Full transcript